The Spanish Inquisition


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the spanish inquisition The Art Of Torture

  Going by the title of this paper you are probably asking yourself How in
Gods name can torture be seen as an art, were these people mentally ill?
well it was, but I talk about that later, let me tell you a little about the
history of torture. Torture has been around since the times of Ancient Greece
and is still around today, usually in the Mafia. Other than the mob, torture
isnt very common in our society. Punishments arent near as harsh as they
used to be back in medieval times. The only punishments we have now are jails,
the punishments there were in medieval times were numerous and downright inhuman.
Torture would keep criminal from doing something wrong again, assuming he lived
through the torture. The punishments we have today are laughable and dumb.
Big deal, you are thrown in prison for a few years, you dont suffer one bit,
but to the inmates, being thrown on a chain gang is so terrible. Being  given
hundreds of paper cuts and being rolled in salt, now thats terrible and Im
sure the convi
ct will never break the law again. Places like Singapore still
operate like this. It happened to that one teen who decided to spraypaint some
cars. He thought he could get away with it and he almost did, but he shortly
found out that he had a little pay-back coming to him. The kid was caned, and
he hasnt done anything dumb since. Torture like this works, torture is a way
that can really make you have second thoughts before you do anything stupid.

  Torture was practiced in numerous ancient civilizations. Convicts and war
prisoners were put to death by using torture to give them a slow, humiliating
death. To some American Indian tribes, it is a custom to torment and burn prisoners.
Crucifixion was a popular torture technique in ancient Rome. Rome also used
torture to get slaves, criminals, just about anybody, to get them to talk about
secretive information. You see in these ancient Roman times, people were given
information and were told that they should never tell this information to no
one, well the Romans found out about this and this caused a major uprise in
the use of torture.
   In 12th century Europe torture became very widespread
like it had just did in Rome. Before Europe began using torture, they relied
on a more common judicial type of settlements for crimes, by the 13th century
confessions and eyewitness testimonies came about and were used to determine
if a person were guilty or innocent. But guess what was used to get these confessions
from convicts, torture was used, torture was used a lot, but it could only
be used if there was a numerous amount of evidence against the defendent. From
the 14th to 18th centuries in Europe, torture was a very common thing of the
legal process of a majority of the European countries and even the Roman Catholic
church.
   The Roman Catholic church used torture as a way of punishing
heretics at the order of inquisitors. The Inquisition played a big part in
the world of torture. The inquisition was a church founded in medieval times
that was setup to find and prosecute heretics. The punishments for being a
heretic were extreme punishments, stuff you would cringe at thinking about,
such as the vise. You might have seen this device on the movie Casino. The
victims head would be put in the vise and then the executioner would begin
to tighten a little screw at the top of the vice, causing the victims head
to start to compress. This technique was used a lot for getting people to confess.
The Inquisition was greatly defended during the middle ages. People saw it
as okay, since it was a religious thing. Father Saint Augustine perceived Luke
14:23; So the master said to the servant, Go out to the country roads and
lanes and make people come in, so that my house will be full., as biblical
proof of endorsing the punishment of heret
ics.

The Art of Torture:


  Believe it or not, torture was considered an artform. Were these people
desperate for entertainment, though I would never see a person getting tortured
as entertaining (unless it was a few of my most despised teachers, your not
one Ms.Blohm) but some messed-up indivduals did. In the words of Victor Hugo,
The guillotine is the ultimate expression of Law, and its name is vengence.
The executioner, in the ... more

the spanish inquisition

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The Spanish Inquistition


Ferdinand and Isabella used the Inquisition to eliminate opposition in Spain.  Their thoughts were that by eliminating the Jews, Muslims, and New Christians in Spain they would gain unity, wealth, and power.  They wanted to make a Christian and only a Christian Spain.
Since Ferdinand and Isabella were married they strived to make Spain a whole. With Ferdinand ruling Aragon and Isabella ruling Castile they united Spain as one. Soon Ferdinand and Isabella had the regions of Granada and Portugal as part of Spain. But Ferdinand and Isabella wanted to increase their authority over their kingdom through religion as well. Ferdinand new that the church controlled large amounts of land and also served significant roles in the political system, he took these very important things into major consideration. Isabella on the other hand, had a genuine concern for religious reform and believed in their responsibility for the spiritual life of their subjects and people.(Ovid 3). Ferdinand and Isabella didnt think of using the Inquisition to purify Spain until a priest named Tomas de Torquemada brought it to their attention. Torquemada was Isabellas confessor or spiritual leader.  Torquemada convinced Ferdinand and Isabella that once the Inquisition was in place they could eliminate all non-Catholic believers. He bribed them with the thought that they,could use it to solidify the supremacy of Catholicism in Spanish lifethe inquisition would promise them consolidation on their political control over the country and would increase the wealth of the crown through confiscation.(The Inquisition 50-51)
Ferdinand and Isabella were now convinced that by putting the Inquisition to action they could gain wealth, power, and full unity of Spain. The Inquisition was so closely associated with the government that it became a department of state. (The Inquisition 43) The Jewish population in Spain was a very large one that caused lots of envy. Jews held very important roles in the all parts of Government in Spain. There were also many Jews who were part of very wealthy and important Christian families. When the Inquisition was put out, all Jews and Muslims or basically anyone who wasnt part of the Catholic religion had to either convert to the Catholic religion or leave Spain. By doing this Ferdinand and Isabella gained all the land and any business as well that all non-Christians used to obtain. Soon most of the population had become New Christians. New Christians were people who were Catholic by baptism. By then the anger arose towards them as well and any New Christian who was suspected of practicing their old religion by any means was questioned and usually found guilty, which meant that they were either exiled or their land and belongings were taken away. The Inquisition did indeed bring Ferdinand and Isabella wealth to their precious Spain but its economy had gone down and so did its advancements. With the Inquisition in place foreign presence was eliminated which meant no interaction to any t new advancements or wealth in the outside world.
Ferdinand and Isabella thought that the Inquisition would help purify Spain and make it all Christian, they thought that by doing this is would unite Spain more and make their reign more powerful. Though many problems occurred during their reign you could say that they did fulfill their desires, they gained wealth from all the land and money that they confiscated from all the people who fled Spain. They also gained power and unity for their belief in making a pure Spain. In the end they did in a way unite Spain as wholeat least in their minds.  

 Bibliography
   Bachrach, Deborah.  The Inquisition.  California: Lucent Books Inc., 1995.

Netanyhu, B.  The Origins of the Inquisition in Fifteenth Century Spain.  

New York: Random House, 1995.

Ovid, Jacob. The Alhambra Decree ( Followed by Isaac Abrabanel's Answer).  

Online. http://home.earthlink.net/bnahman/Alhambra_Decree_Abrabanels_Answer.htm

Feb. 2002.
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the spanish inquisition

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