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Vespucci was the one person for whom
North and South America was named after. Vespucci had a
wonderful life and found many things on his voyages.
Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence, Italy in March of
1451, and grew up in a considerable mansion near the river.
As a young boy, Amerigo's happiest moments studying the
stars. He excelled in mathematics and his hobby was
copying maps. His dream as a young boy was to travel and
get a better picture about what the Earth looked like.
Amerigo spent half of his life as a business man hoping to
strike it rich so he could explore. Amerigo was the third son,
there were two older brothers, Antonio and Girolamo, the
youngest was Bernardo. The parents were Stagio and
Elisabetta Vespucci. Italy, at this time was not yet a civilized
country. Italy was a bunch of city- states each self governed
and looking for money for it's own purposes and not for the
benefit of the country. Florence, where Amerigo was born
and grew up, was in the city-state governed by the powerful
Medici family. Later in Vespucci's life he ends up working
for this family helping govern the city-state. Italy, at this time
was not a good country as it is today. In 1492 Vespucci left
Florence for Seville, Spain because Italy had the monopoly
and didn't need, or want, exploration. Well into his forties,
around 1495, Vespucci became the director of a ship
company that supplied ships for long voyages. This was the
first opportunity Vespucci had to make voyages and he was
very happy about this, therefore he was only looking for
"new worlds" to discover and not money or rewards for
finding exotic places. In 1497 Vespucci said that he went on
a voyage to the "New World." Little is known about this
because there was not much evidence to support that he
actually made this voyage such as: journals, maps they used,
or any crew members journals about what happened. He
was said to be back in 1498. Later on down the road, after
this journey was said to take place people began to doubt
this and Columbus became known as the founder of the
"New World" even though he thought he was in India. In
1499 Vespucci was said to have made his second voyage
with Alonso de Ojeda as the captain. This voyage could be
backed by a great deal of evidence and is supposed to have
occurred. The watchman finally did spot land, the Cape
Verde Islands, and this is the first time anyone has been
purposely to the "New World." On this first journey
Vespucci explored the north eastern coast of South America
and also came in contact with Cuba, Hispaniola, and the
Bahaman Islands. Vespucci got back to Spain in 1500 and
told everyone about his findings of the land and the people.
On May 19, 1501 Vespucci left from the ports of the
sponsoring Spain on his third voyage. On this voyage
Vespucci was second in charge behind Gonocalo Coelho,
another one of Spains' explorers. They explored on this
expedition the Cape Santo Agostinho at the shoulder of
present day Brazil. This voyage was one of the less
successful because they explored only limited water area.
On the fourth, and last, voyage Vespucci explored more of
South America. In 1503, on this journey, led by Amerigo
Vespuccci himself, the captain and crew explored the south
eastern side of South America. They ran along the coast and
visited such places as Cape Soo Roque, Guanabara Bay,
Rio de la Plata, Cape Santo Agostinho, San Julian and
spotted the Falkland Islands. His crew returned back to
Spain in 1504 and told their story to mapmakers to put on
the maps. After the findings of the "New World" a
mapmaker suggested they call it America, after the knowing
founder. Martin Waldseemuller a German mapmaker was
one of the first to believe that Vespucci was the first
European to reach the "New World." In 1507, he suggested
they call it America and soon this name was used throughout
and eventually used officially in the naming of the continent.
Vespucci left a controversy when he died saying that he did
not make the voyage that started in 1497. Today scholars
still doubt that Vespucci made the voyage. Vespucci also
claimed, in his writings, that he captioned all the journeys
himself when he only captained one of the four reported
expedition. The results to Vespucci's findings was that North
and South America were named after him, and back in the
late 1400's and the early 1500's they would know that there
was a ... more
Find essay on The Findings Of The
A history of isreal
Israel, slightly larger than Massachusetts, lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Egypt on the west, Syria and Jordan on the east, and Lebanon on the north. Its maritime plain is extremely fertile, but only 17% of the land is arable (Figure 1). The southern Negev region, which comprises almost half the total area, is largely a desert. The Jordan River flows from the north through Lake Hule and Lake Kinneret, finally entering the Dead Sea, 1,349 ft below sea level, the world's lowest land elevation.
In a time of war, it is far too easy to get caught up in the violence, and forget that the true goal is peace. Hate, death, and pain make it difficult for the belligerent nations to think rationally and come up with a plan to end the violence. This is why a third party is necessary. A third party sees the situation from an outsider's viewpoint. Therefore, they are able to offer better advice and solutions. This situation is applicable to the current Middle East Crisis. Palestine and Israel cannot come to a peaceful solution without the help of the international community. In order to help the feuding parties, the United States needs to be neutral, fair, and unbiased. The current leaders need to avoid the mistakes made by the historical leaders and nations that led to the escalation of the conflict, like McMahon-Hussein Correspondence did.
The McMahon-Hussein correspondence is essentially "a series of letters exchanged, in 1915, between Feisal Hussein, who was Sherif of Mecca at the time, and the British High Commissioner in Egypt, Sir Henry McMahon (Khalidi 1980, 92)." The British were willing to negotiate with the Arabs because they needed military support during the First World War, and the Arabs could provide this support. In this correspondence, the British representative promised to Hussein that if the Arabs revolt against the Turks, the British government would grant them independence.
The main controversy in McMahon-Hussein correspondence and the question of Palestine at large lies in the certain areas, that McMahon claimed "cannot be said to be purely Arab" and should therefore "be excluded from the proposed limits and boundaries, of the Arab state (Khalidi 1980,117)." There is also an opinion that the correspondence at issue has no legal grounds, since it was never concluded in mutual agreement. The Arab community took the British promise seriously, and the events that took place only a couple of years after the series of letters were passed certainly infuriated the Arab population. The question of Palestine after the correspondence was the most heated debate, and largely due to British indecisiveness and inability to keep its promises.
Zionism was the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel, advocated, from its inception, tangible as well as spiritual aims. It was a movement that arose in the late 19th century in response to growing anti-Semitism.
In the struggle to establish a Zionist state, the some Palestinians were eventually forced to leave their country, beginning a cycle of conflict that characterized Palestine as a state since the beginning of the Zionist movement. The Palestinian Arabs, who felt their very existence was threatened by the Zionist movement, waged official and unofficial wars against the Zionists as a means of liberation. After fleeing Palestine in the first century, the Jewish people sought a return to the Holy Land for centuries due to the strong religious significance of the location.
"However, until the 19th century, Zionism was a small, unorganized movement lacking leadership (Laqueur 1989,50)." The Zionist movement gained more popularity when, in 1917, the British announced the Balfour Declaration, stating "His Majesty's Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object (Khalidi 1980, 92)." After gaining control of Palestine a month later, the British decided that negotiations between Chaim Weizmann, the leading proponent of the Zionist movement, and King Faysal of Syria, the foremost Arab leader at the time, were necessary.
The two sides managed to reach an agreement ... more
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