To Promote And

Quebec
Quebec
Quebec Maine doesn't see Quebec sovereignty as a threat ROCKPORT, Me. - Premier Lucien Bouchard got the message he wanted Thursday from two American politicians: Quebec's future is an internal matter and economic ties would be kept with their state if it leaves Canada. The future of Quebec is essentially a Canadian matter, Maine Governor Angus King said at a news conference with Bouchard in Rockport, a community on the Atlantic Ocean. It's not up to us to sit on the sidelines and suggest wha
Unemployment In Europe: Its Impact In The Future Of Europe
Unemployment In Europe: Its Impact In The Future Of Europe
Unemployment in Europe: Its Impact in the Future of Europe Unemployment is currently one of the biggest challenges facing the European Union. The fight against unemployment is an essential question that the European Union has to encounter in the short term. Today's unemployment problem represents the most significant worry of the European Union citizen. Unemployment is the greatest disturbance of the European economy. Approximately 18 million of its people are out of work, an average unemployme
Cotton’s Impact On The United States Before The Civil War
Cotton’s Impact On The United States Before The Civil War
Cotton's Impact on the United States Before the Civil War With the end of the War of 1812, few people in the United States envisioned a civil war in the future. With a developing Western section of the country, the future looked bright for a stable growing economy based on extraction of resources (agriculture, timber, and various resources in the ground). With the shipping resources of New England and financial centers in the North, agriculture and extraction of resources seemed to be the found
History Of Education In America
History Of Education In America
History of Education in America As far back as the beginning of our nation, early leaders emphasized the importance of education and provided funds to create education for children from every background in our country. Thomas Jefferson said, ? Above all things, I hope the education of the common people will be extended to; convinced that on this good sense we may rely with the most security for the preservation of a due degree of liberty.? He knew the importance of education (Jennings, 1996). I
School Uniforms
School Uniforms
School Uniforms Mandatory uniforms is an answer that some give to stop the recent and alarming rise in violence and drop out rates in our public schools. Those that support uniforms argue that uniforms disguise economic and ethnic backgrounds, so students are no longer jealous of others. The financial burden on parents is lifted. But do uniforms really give all of these benefits? Can just one change in public schools make them so much better? The wearing of uniforms in more of the nation's publ
University Of Central Oklahoma
University Of Central Oklahoma
University of Central Oklahoma Department of Nursing Nurse's Attitudes Toward Do Not Resuscitate Orders In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Nursing 4522 Nursing Research II Presented to Allen Nottingham, R.N., B.S. By Meggin Bean Jessica Brownell Shannon Genzer Leslie Looman Shanna McIntosh April 20, 1998 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION?????????????????????1 Background??????????????????????1 Theoretical Framework?????????????????. 4 Problem Statement??????????????????? 5 Statement
The Wave Of The Future Is Drowning Out Very Quickly. All The Technolog
The Wave Of The Future Is Drowning Out Very Quickly. All The Technolog
The wave of the future is drowning out very quickly. All the technology we have created will bit the dust before the systems really are used. At the end of the century all systems that have calendars to monitor systems or use calendars to show dates will shut down all at once. Major electronic systems such as elevators, alarm systems, fax machines, telephones, cars with computer systems will be nothing more than paper weights or wall designs nothing more. For years computers and electronic equi
“Just Stop It”, An Insult Directed Towards Nikes’ Classic Ad, Just Do
“Just Stop It”, An Insult Directed Towards Nikes’ Classic Ad, Just Do
?Just Stop It?, an insult directed towards Nikes' classic ad, Just Do It. The insults and the questions all began at the demise of Nike's Corporate Image. For a long time Nike was considered a conscientious company who had honest concern for their global cohorts. Nike is truly a global company with affiliations world wide,. The company has approximately 350 contract factories in thirty three countries employing nearly 5,000,000 people. The leading producers of Nike Product are : Indonesia, Chin
Balding Is A Problem That Both Men And Women Alike Dread. There
Balding Is A Problem That Both Men And Women Alike Dread. There
Balding is a problem that both men and women alike dread. There is nothing you can really do to stop it from happening. Each day you loss up to fifty hairs. They are replaced with new ones, but in balding people the hair stops coming back. Probably the most common cause of baldness is the use of antineoplastic drugs. Baldness is also known as alopecia. Alopecia is much more common in men than women. Approximately forty percent of all men have hair loss. Hair loss can result from many things, su
, Lets Begin With The Sharing Of Philosophy. Fig. 1 Is My Own Interpre
, Lets Begin With The Sharing Of Philosophy. Fig. 1 Is My Own Interpre
, let's begin with the sharing of philosophy. Fig. 1 is my own interpretation and illustrations of the idea of founder K.Matsushita that is applied in the actual business management. Outermost circle represents business activity, such as development, production, sales, and administration, i.e., the actual work itself. They are, however, based on the deeper structure, that is the management control system, which is composed of various mechanisms based on divisional system. Now, those systems a
Name: Micah Delo
Name: Micah Delo
Name: Micah Delo Title of Book: The Great Houdini; Magician Extraordinary Author: Beryl Williams and Samuel Epstein Publisher: Julian Messner Where Published: New York When Published: 1966 Number of pages: 178 1. Who is the subject of the book? The subject of my book is Ehrich Weiss, also known as the ?Great Houdini?. 2. What aspects of the book made it enjoyable? Well I really liked some of his tricks and famous escapes. I also liked the way he and his wife never quit trying to find a circus o
George Washington
George Washington
George Washington George Washington's memory is held in honor by his fellow countrymen and by the world. The enemies and critics who attacked him in war and in peace are now largely forgotten, but his name has become a byword for honor, loyalty, and love of country. He was known as the father of his country. Washington was a father in several ways. He was commander in chief of the American forces in the American Revolution, chairman of the convention that wrote the United States Constitutio
Direct-Mail Advertising
Direct-Mail Advertising
Direct-Mail Advertising As consumers, we are often bombarded by different types of advertisements each day. Whether it?s by television, newspaper, or billboards, advertising has reached us one way or another. Yet, a majority of the ads that we encounter are often meaningless and uninteresting, because of the fact that these ads are meant to reach a certain target audience. This perception seems to change, however, when we look inside our mailboxes, pick-up our telephone, and even check our e-ma
The Night Sky
The Night Sky
The Night Sky Long ago, people looked into the night sky and wondered what they were looking at? How far away are those twinkles in the sky? Could they all be stars, or maybe, could they be something else? What makes certain lights brighter than others, and how does distance affect their intensity? These questions and other interesting facts will be reviewed in the following pages. One of the most common curiosities regarding the night sky is distance, which can be very hard to determine. Becau
Missionary Work Of Early Missionaries Like Paul, Barnabas, And Timothy
Missionary Work Of Early Missionaries Like Paul, Barnabas, And Timothy
Missionary work of early missionaries like Paul, Barnabas, and Timothy, was different from the missionary work of missionaries in the Dark Ages, such as Patrick and Boniface. These differences arose because of the differences in political, religious, and cultural environments. It made the missionaries different by making them adapt to the customs and environment of the area. One main area of difference was the way the gospel was preached. The early missionaries worked in different political, re
Born In Boston In 1809, Edgar Poe Was Destined To Lead A Rather Somber
Born In Boston In 1809, Edgar Poe Was Destined To Lead A Rather Somber
Born in Boston in 1809, Edgar Poe was destined to lead a rather somber and brief life, most of it a struggle against poverty. His mother died when Edgar was only two, his father already long disappeared. He was raised as a foster child in Virginia by Frances Allen and her husband John, a Richmond tobacco merchant. Poe later lived in Baltimore with his aunt, Maria Clemm and her daughter Virginia, whom he eventually married. The trio formed a household which moved to New York and then to Philadel
As Twenty-first Century Draws Near, There Appears To Be In The World A
As Twenty-first Century Draws Near, There Appears To Be In The World A
As twenty-first century draws near, there appears to be in the world an era of unprecedented peace. Contrary to the predictions that the end of the Cold War will bring about the fragmentation of international order and the emergence of multipolar rivalry among atomistic national units, today the world's major powers enjoy co-operative relations and world economy is progressively liberalising and integrating. The peace and prosperity of the current era, however are sustained by the constant oper
The Failures Of Affirmative Action
The Failures Of Affirmative Action
The Failures of Affirmative Action Once upon a time, there were two people who went to an interview for only one job position at the same company. The first person attended a prestigious and highly academic university, had years of work experience in the field and, in the mind of the employer, had the potential to make a positive impact on the company’s performance. The second person was just starting out in the field and seemed to lack the ambition that was visible in his opponent. “Who was cho
Philosophy
Philosophy
Philosophy March 7, 1999 Descartes' Extreme Philosophy The philosopher/scientist/mathematician Rene Descartes lived in a time of sweeping changes across all realms of knowledge. Descartes himself was responsible for many of these changes, one of which was a strong advancement in philosophy. Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy tackle, among many things, two difficult philosophical issues. The method in which these issues are dealt with, however, tends to be on the extreme side, since Desc
In The Eight Fold Path Of Yoga Meditation Is The Eighth Step (Smith, 1
In The Eight Fold Path Of Yoga Meditation Is The Eighth Step (Smith, 1
In the eight fold path of yoga meditation is the eighth step (Smith, 11). Once here a Yogi must become more aware and more sensitive to what is within themselves (?Meditation?). ?A Yogi must first lose themselves here to find peace with themselves? (Smith, 11). The armor that a person has built around themselves throughout their lives must be lost and they have to see themselves clearly (Smith, 19). Meditation begins with concentration (?Meditation?). In concentration meditation a Yogi must foc
Problem
Problem
Problem The problem with the Honda Motor Company is the issue of whether or not to integrate two very different cultures, American and Japanese. In order for Honda to be competitive and successful in the global market, the Japanese division needs to adjust their current management style. If they should decide to model their operations after their successful American division, they will face many conflicting cultural differences that will make the transition difficult. By adopting some of the Am
Consequentialism Is A Philosophical Theory That Offers A Systematic Ap
Consequentialism Is A Philosophical Theory That Offers A Systematic Ap
Consequentialism is a philosophical theory that offers a systematic approach to reaching ethical and moral conclusions. Consequentialists believe that in making a decision regarding a moral or ethical issue, one must heavily consider the outcome of the action. A moral and good decision would ultimately result in overall net happiness, and in contrast wrong and immoral actions would result in net displeasure or pain. At first, this theory seems logical in terms of weighing the utility actions th
England (Latin Anglia), Political Division Of The Island Of Great Brit
England (Latin Anglia), Political Division Of The Island Of Great Brit
England (Latin Anglia), political division of the island of Great Britain, constituting, with Wales, the principal division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England occupies all of the island east of Wales and south of Scotland, another division of the United Kingdom. Established as an independent monarchy many centuries ago, England in time achieved political control over the rest of the island, all the British Isles, and vast sections of the world, becoming the nuc
THE PROS AND CONS ABOUT LEGALIZING MARIJUANA
THE PROS AND CONS ABOUT LEGALIZING MARIJUANA
THE PROS AND CONS ABOUT LEGALIZING MARIJUANA Mainstream vs. Alternative Media; who do we believe? The Journal of Media Studies Writer Discussion of the legalization of marijuana brings up two main issues, those who are pro- marijuana and those who are anti- marijuana. These issues have been covered by both mainstream and alternative media, mainstream being pro, and alternative being anti. These two factions have been arguing over this issue in the halls of justice for many years. Because most o
World Civilizations 1500
World Civilizations 1500
World civilizations 1500 March 17, 1999 1. Essay form (7%) 2. Tenochtitlan case study (10%) 3. Mozambique case study (13%) 4. Comparison of Tenochtitlan and Mozambique cases (15%) 5. Summary of the gun powder arguments in Stearns (35%) 6. Discussion and critique of gun powder arguments in the light of the Tenochtitlan and Mozambique case studies (20%) In the past wars were fought to gain land, wealth, and fame. Two such examples of this are the battle of Tenochtitlan and Mozambique. These are t
ENV 221Y Assignment
ENV 221Y Assignment
ENV 221Y Assignment ANICE TRY,@ SAYS TAYLOR ABAD AIR ALERT: IT=S KILLING [email protected] Did that catch your attention? The Blue Ribbon Committee=s strategy poses to be quite effective and powerful when trying to make us understand the devastating final consequences to the pollution problem that we encounter every day of our lives. To many of us, knowing that something can kill us, human beings, is such a devastating concept that it seems incomprehensible. Knowing that even one of us can be slaughtered by
The Himalayas Along Chinas Southwestern Frontier With India Are The Wo
The Himalayas Along Chinas Southwestern Frontier With India Are The Wo
The Himalayas along China's southwestern frontier with India are the world's tallest mountains. China's greatest river, the Yangtze, is the world's fourth longest. The Taklimakan Desert, in western Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, is one of the driest spots on Earth. The area of loessic soil (fine, siltlike soil created by wind action in dry regions) in Shaanxi and Shanxi provinces is probably more extensive than in any other place. China has a great wealth of mineral and natural resources. Re
WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
WHITE-COLLAR CRIME
WHITE-COLLAR CRIME White-collar crime is a term that is usually applied to crimes associated with business that do not involve violence or bodily injury to another person. Examples of so-called white-collar crime are those crimes generally associated with lending institutions that involve bank fraud, such as making false statements to obtain a loan, filing false reports or returns with government agencies, embezzlement, using the mail or wire communications to defraud, and paying or accepting b
Reform And Fundamental Change In The Political
Reform And Fundamental Change In The Political
Reform and Fundamental Change in the Political Economy and Government of Texas The political economy and government of each state in the United States are different. James W. Lamare discusses Texas politics in his book Texas Politics: Economics, Power and Policy. In the last chapter of the book, Lamar discusses reform and fundamental change in the political economy and government of Texas. In the following paragraphs, I will discuss Lamare's view and give my own opinions of his views. Lamar arg
Group1 1
Group1 1
Group1 1 OUR FOOD SYSTEM After a long hard day of work you sit down in your comfortable recliner and open up your favorite snack. But when you reach into grab a piece, you pull out a dead bug. Suddenly many thoughts come into your mind, you wonder how did the bug get there and was it dead or alive. Is it harmful or carry a disease. You ask yourself did the bug come from the United States or another country and where was your snack made? As all these questions come into your head, you wonder who
World Civilizations 1500
World Civilizations 1500
World civilizations 1500 March 17, 1999 1. Essay form (7%) 2. Tenochtitlan case study (10%) 3. Mozambique case study (13%) 4. Comparison of Tenochtitlan and Mozambique cases (15%) 5. Summary of the gun powder arguments in Stearns (35%) 6. Discussion and critique of gun powder arguments in the light of the Tenochtitlan and Mozambique case studies (20%) In the past wars were fought to gain land, wealth, and fame. Two such examples of this are the battle of Tenochtitlan and Mozambique. These are t
Thomas Jefferson, Third President Of The United States, Was One Of The
Thomas Jefferson, Third President Of The United States, Was One Of The
Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States, was one of the most brilliant men in history. His interests were boundless, and his accomplishments were great and varied. He was a philosopher, educator, naturalist, politician, scientist, architect, inventor, pioneer in scientific farming, musician, and writer, and was the foremost spokesmen for democracy in his day. He was born at Shadwell in Goochland County, Virginia on April 13, 1743, to Jane Randolph and Peter Jefferson. Jefferson G
BELIEFS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
BELIEFS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
BELIEFS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT The demands of our criminal justice system today, force society to practice the use of capital punishment. In 1972, the United States Supreme Court declared the death penalty ?cruel and unusual punishment,? but this decision was reversed in 1978. The citizens of the United States have the right to enforce or ban the law of capital punishment on a state level. Since then, the punishments or scheduled punishments have increased at a steady rate. Religious beliefs amo
World Civilizations 1500
World Civilizations 1500
World civilizations 1500 March 17, 1999 1. Essay form (7%) 2. Tenochtitlan case study (10%) 3. Mozambique case study (13%) 4. Comparison of Tenochtitlan and Mozambique cases (15%) 5. Summary of the gun powder arguments in Stearns (35%) 6. Discussion and critique of gun powder arguments in the light of the Tenochtitlan and Mozambique case studies (20%) In the past wars were fought to gain land, wealth, and fame. Two such examples of this are the battle of Tenochtitlan and Mozambique. These are t
Service Characteristics
Service Characteristics
Service Characteristics 1. Service Mechanism or Process: For each category of customer it is necessary to describe the service process. This is usually expressed as a probability distribution for service times; for example, service times might be normally distributed or uniformly distributed. At the least, we need to state the average time it takes for a server to serve a customer and the variance or standard deviation of the service time. We decline m = average service rate possible per server
Although Musicians Had Been Recording Fiddle Tunes (known As Old Time
Although Musicians Had Been Recording Fiddle Tunes (known As Old Time
Although musicians had been recording fiddle tunes (known as Old Time Music at that time) in the southern Appalachians for several years, It wasn't until August 1, 1927 in Bristol, Tennessee, that Country Music really began. There, on that day, Ralph Peer signed Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family to recording contracts for Victor Records. These two recording acts set the tone for those to follow - Rodgers with his unique singing style and the Carters with their extensive recordings of old-tim
AIDS - Whats New ? ------------------- Is The Message Getting Through?
AIDS - Whats New ? ------------------- Is The Message Getting Through?
AIDS - What's new ? ------------------- Is the message getting through? We already know enough about AIDS to prevent its spread, but ignorance, complacency, fear and bigotry continue to stop many from taking adequate precautions. We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory testing, enforced quarantine or total celibacy. But too few people are heeding the AIDS message. Perhaps many simply don't like or want to
America’s Involvement In World War Two When War Broke Out , There Was
America’s Involvement In World War Two When War Broke Out , There Was
America's involvement in World War Two When war broke out , there was no way the world could possibly know the severity of this guerre. Fortunately one country saw and understood that Germany and its allies would have to be stopped. America's Involvement in World War two not only contributed in the eventual downfall of the insane Adolph Hitler and his Third Reich, but also came at the precise time and moment. Had the united states entered the war any earlier the consequences might have been wor
How George Carlins Filthy Words Gave The Government The Power To Regul
How George Carlins Filthy Words Gave The Government The Power To Regul
How George Carlin's Filthy Words Gave the Government the Power to Regulate What We Hear on the Radio ARTS How George Carlin's Filthy Words Gave the Government the Power to Regulate What We Hear on the Radio The FCC v. Pacifica Foundation: GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS ON RADIO BROADCASTING In 1978 a radio station owned by Pacifica Foundation Broadcasting out of New York City was doing a program on contemporary attitudes toward the use of language. This broadcast occurred on a mid-afternoon weekday.
China Chinese Economic Reform Two Years After The Death Of Mao Zedong
China Chinese Economic Reform Two Years After The Death Of Mao Zedong
China Chinese Economic Reform Two years after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, it became apparent to many of China's leaders that economic reform was necessary. During his tenure as China's premier, Mao had encouraged social movements such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution which had had as their bases ideologies such as serving the people and maintaining the class struggle. By 1978 Chinese leaders were searching for a solution to serious economic problems produced by Hua Gu
Communist China And Mao Tse-tung A Look Into Its Introduction To Commu
Communist China And Mao Tse-tung A Look Into Its Introduction To Commu
Communist China and Mao Tse-tung A look into it's introduction to Communism and the Man who led them DONNY CAMPBELL Dr. UMOETTE HISTORY OF THE FAR EAST MAY 3rd 1996 The Roots of Communist China To say that the Chinese Communist revolution is a non-Western revolution is more than a clich?. That revolution has been primarily directed, not like the French Revolution but against alien Western influences that approached the level of domination and drastically altered China's traditional relationsh
The Rise Of Communism In Russia ŇUnless We Accept The Claim That Lenin
The Rise Of Communism In Russia ŇUnless We Accept The Claim That Lenin
The Rise of Communism in Russia ?Unless we accept the claim that Lenin?s coup d?tat gave birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind, we must recognize in today?s Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire that survived into the mid 1980?s? (Luttwak, 1). In their Communist Manifesto of 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in which all class differences would disappear and humankind
COMPOSTING AND THE GROCERY INDUSTRY The Following Bulletin Was Prepare
COMPOSTING AND THE GROCERY INDUSTRY The Following Bulletin Was Prepare
COMPOSTING AND THE GROCERY INDUSTRY The following bulletin was prepared from Grocery Industry Committee on Solid Waste October 24, 1991 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Solid waste composting is an important component of an integrated solution for solid waste management. Composting can divert organic, compostable materials, not otherwise recycled, from the solid waste stream and convert them into a useful product. Composting is environmentally sound, technically and economically feasible and meets local waste
Russian History Consolidation Of Democracy In Post-Soviet Russia Intro
Russian History Consolidation Of Democracy In Post-Soviet Russia Intro
Russian History Consolidation of Democracy in Post-Soviet Russia Introduction The fall of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union was more than a political event. The powerful interaction and fusion between politics and economics that characterized the state socialist system created a situation that was unique for the successor states of the Soviet Union. The penetration of the Communist regime into every facet of life left the Russian people with little democratic traditions. Russia faces the
Christian History 102 Nicholas Ferrar Nicholas Ferrar Was Assumed To B
Christian History 102 Nicholas Ferrar Nicholas Ferrar Was Assumed To B
Christian History 102 Nicholas Ferrar Nicholas Ferrar was assumed to be born in 1592. I have found that his most probable birth date was in February of 1593. This is due to the usual calendar confusion: England was not at that time using the new calendar adopted in October 1582. It was 1593 according to our modern calendar, but at the time the new year in England began on the following March 25th. Nicholas Ferrar was one of the more interesting figures in English history. His family was quite w
Gangsta Rap
Gangsta Rap
Gangsta Rap Gangsta rap is a form of expression which uses words with rhythmic beats to make one point or another. What separates gangsta rap from regular rap is that gangsta rap talks about gang life and rap usually doesn't. Lyrics in gangsta rap that cause the most controversy are the ones that talk about killing people or ones that portray woman as just objects. People like Delores Tucker and William Bennett are currently trying to censor these filthy lyrics because they believe that these
Subject: World History (But It Applies To Much More) Title: Power Come
Subject: World History (But It Applies To Much More) Title: Power Come
Subject: World History (But it applies to much more) Title: Power Comes From the Barrel of a Gun - took the opposing view Would you respect me, If I didn't have this gun? ?Cause without it, I don't get it, And that's why I carry one. -Phil Collins Power. A word from which many meanings derive. To each individual, it means something distinct and it is how one uses their power that makes up who they are. Power does not come from the barrel of a gun. A gun can do nothing without someone there t
In Recent Years Preferential Hiring Has Become An Issue
In Recent Years Preferential Hiring Has Become An Issue
In recent years preferential hiring has become an issue of great interest. Preferential hiring, which was devised to create harmony between the different races and sexes, has divided the lines even more. Supporters on both sides seem fixed in their positions and often refuse to listen to the other group's platform. In this essay, the recipients of preferential hiring will be either black or female, and the position in question will be a professorship on the university level. The hirings in ques
Liberty: Adam Smith And Alexis De Tocqueville Both Adam Smith And Alex
Liberty: Adam Smith And Alexis De Tocqueville Both Adam Smith And Alex
Liberty: Adam Smith and Alexis de Tocqueville Both Adam Smith and Alexis de Tocqueville agree that an individual is the most qualified to make decisions affecting the sphere of the individual as long as those decisions do not violate the law of justice. >From this starting point, each theorist proposes a role of government and comments on human nature and civil society. Smith focuses on economic liberty and the ways in which government can repress this liberty, to the detriment of society. De T
LYNDON B JOHNSON ================ Johnson Was Born On Aug. 27, 1908, N
LYNDON B JOHNSON ================ Johnson Was Born On Aug. 27, 1908, N
LYNDON B JOHNSON ================ Johnson was born on Aug. 27, 1908, near Johnson City, Tex., the eldest son of Sam Ealy Johnson, Jr., and Rebekah Baines Johnson. His father, a struggling farmer and cattle speculator in the hill country of Texas, provided only an uncertain income for his family. Politically active, Sam Johnson served five terms in the Texas legislature. His mother had varied cultural interests and placed high value on education; she was fiercely ambitious for her children. John