Subcultures


Find More Subcultures

Looking for essays on subcultures? We have thousands of essays on this topic and more.

subcultures Alcohol And Drug Abuse

ALCOHOL AND DRUG



ABUSE































     Alcohol and drug abuse is one of biggest problems in United States today. It is not only a personal problem that dramatically affects individuals' life but is a major social problem that affects society as whole. "Drug and alcohol abuse", these phrases we hear daily on the radio, television or in discussions of social problem. But what do they mean or what do we think and understand by it? Most of us don't really view drug or alcohol use as a problem, if that includes your grandmother taking two aspirins when she has a headache or your friends having few beers or drinks on Saturday night. What we really mean is that some drugs or alcohol are being used by some people or in some situations constitute problem with which our society must deal. It becomes a real problem when using or I should say abusing drugs cause accidents, antisocial behavior, broken relationships, family instability, crime and violence, poverty, unsafe streets and highways, worker absenteeism and nonproductivity, and the most tragic one death. The situation in which the drug or alcohol uses accurse often makes all the difference. The clearest example is the drinking of alcohol, when individual begins to drink during the job, at school, or in the morning, we have evidence that indicates a potential drinking problem. If a person takes narcotic drug because he just wrecked his knee while his physician prescribed playing football and the drug, most of us would be not concerned. If, on the other hand, he took the



Same drug on his own just because he likes the way it makes him feel, then we should begin to worry about him developing dependence. Even use of illegal drugs are sometimes acceptable, but it also depends on situation, for example in some countries smoking marijuana is legal just like drinking alcohol in United States. Some subcultures even in United States that accept the use of illegal drugs may distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable situation, some college age groups might accept marijuana smoking at a party on weekends, but not just before going to a calculus class. Most of people would accept a fact that a bartender or a waiter who is working at a night club is having a beer or a drink on his break or that a landscape worker is having a cold beer with his lunch on a hot summer day. I'm not saying that it is "OK" but we wouldn't complain abut it or pay any attention to it. On the other hand we all would be totally shocked to see a school bus driver having the same bottle of a cold beer with his lunch on a hot summer day, or a doctor having a drink on a break between the operations.

     

     About 43 percent of all Americans have experienced alcoholism in their families and one in eight Americans is the child of an alcoholic. Thy grow up with or married an alcoholic or a problem drinker, or had a blood relative who was an alcoholic or a problem drinker. Excessive drinking exacts a heavy toll on family life. Of the estimated 19 million adult are problem drinkers, about 8 million of



them are alcoholics, and almost half of them are women. It is not unusual to see a pregnant woman drinking alcohol or a mother being drunk while she is taking care of her young children or babies. Many children are being born with a Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (facial and developmental abnormalities associated with the mother's alcohol use during pregnancy). FAS itself seems to occur in 23 to 29 per 1000 births among women who are problem drinkers. If all alcohol-related birth defects are counted, the rate among heavy-drinking woman is higher, from 80 to a few hundred per 1000. About 28 million people are the children of alcoholics, and 7 million of these children are under age 18 and live at home with an alcoholic parent. "The combination of genetic and environmental factors makes sons of alcoholic fathers four times more likely to become alcoholics than sons of nonalcoholic. Daughters of alcoholic mothers are three times more likely to have the drinking problem. ... more

subcultures

Research on Subcultures

  1. Open Free Essay
    Launch Free Essay and search for "Subcultures" to start researching.
  2. Find the perfect essay
    Choose from tons of different essay in various lengths, styles and themes. Find the perfect Subcultures essay to find and customize for your brainstorming needs.
  3. Brainstorm ideas and themes
    Use the essays you found on Subcultures and extract the ideas from them. Use those ideas for the basis of your own essay.
  4. Cite your essay
    Remember to cite any essays you used for your new essay.
Start a New Essay on Subcultures

Find essay on Subcultures

computer crime


                              Computer Crime: Prevention and Innovation

        Since the introduction of computers to our society, and in the early 80s the Internet, the world has never been the same. Suddenly our physical world got smaller and the electronic world set its foundations for an endless electronic reality. As we approach the year 2000, the turn of the millenium, humanity has already well established itself into the Information Age. So much in fact that as a nation we find our selves out of a service economy and into an information based economy. In a matter of only a few years almost all systems are run buy computers in some way, shape, or form. We depend on them for everything. Even the smallest malfunction or glitch in a system could now cause unfathomable amounts of trouble in everything from riding the bus, having access to your money, to getting your prescription at the pharmacists. Furthermore, Icove  suggested that with the price of home computers that work faster and store more memory going down every year due to competition in the market, it is estimated that by the year 2011 most every American home will have a PC with instant access to the Internet. With an increase in users everyday and new businesses taking advantage of perks of an alternate electronic world, this information dimension will only get bigger, more elaborate, provide more services, and we will find society as a whole more and more dependent on it.
However, even in an artificial environment such as the cyberspace, it appears mankind cannot escape from its somewhat overwhelming natural attraction to wrongful behavior or criminal tendencies. In turn this alternative dimension has been infected with the same criminal behavior that plagues our physical reality. The information age has opened the doors to anti social, smart, and opportunistic people to find new and innovative ways to commit old crimes. These people are called hackers.

                                        What is the social Problem?

         Computer crime is the official name given to this criminal phenomenon driven by hackers. Although a solid definition of computer crime has yet to be agreed upon by scholars, it is described in a functional manner encompassing old crimes such as forgery, theft, mischief, fraud, manipulation or altering of documents; all of which are usually subject to criminal sanctions everywhere. Also included in the description or computer crime is the unauthorized invasion or trespass of data base systems of private companies or government agencies. According to Schamalleger  computer crime is also described as any violation of a federal or state computer crime statue.
          It has been suggested that the history of computer crime and hacking started in the late 1950s when AT&T first implemented its interstate phone system and direct distance dialing (DDD). Manipulation of the way that the DDD system worked, in order to make free long distance calling, was the objective of this crime. What the early hackers did was duplicate the particularly distinguishable tones that the phone companies used in their early switching devices enabling them to fool the system into thinking that the customer has paid. A person who used any number of devices available for manipulating switch systems in order to explore or exploit is called a phone phreak.

                                 Who are the perpetrators?

         Computer crime, like any other criminal activity, is a product of opportunity, desire, and ability. Anyone who owns a computer or has access to a computer has the opportunity to misuse its systems to engage in criminal activity. Researchers found that the average age of most computer crime defendants is between the ages of 21 and 23. The second highest age groups of computer crime defendants are between 18 and 20. They suggested that hackers could be classified into the following groups based on their psychological characteristics: pioneers, scamps, explorers, game players, vandals, and addicts.
        Among these six classifications of hackers, hard-core computer criminals are mostly found in the explorers, game players, vandals, and addicts. Pioneers are simply captivated by technology and explore with out necessarily knowing what they are getting into or without specific criminal intent. Scamps are curious and playful hackers that intend no real harm. Explorers, on the other hand, specifically look for highly sophisticated and ... more

subcultures

FAQ

What long should essays be?

Generally, the length requirements are indicated in your assignment sheet. It can be words, paragraphs, or pages given as a range (300–500 words) or a particular number (5 pages). If you are not sure about your essay’s length, the number-one tip is to clarify it with your tutor. Also, if you’re not sure how to write an essay, we have a detailed guide on that topic, just follow the link.

What makes an effective essay?

An essay should have a single clear central idea. Each paragraph should have a clear main point or topic sentence. ... An essay or paper should be organized logically, flow smoothly, and "stick" together. In other words, everything in the writing should make sense to a reader.

What should be included on an essay?

A basic essay consists of three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. Following this format will help you write and organize an essay. However, flexibility is important. While keeping this basic essay format in mind, let the topic and specific assignment guide the writing and organization.

What They say About Free Essay

I also want to thank http://freeessay.com , pantip and wikipedia for make it happens. #storytelling

@Gusgustt

Browse Essays

  • S: Evaluate different socological S: Evaluate different socological Evaluate different socological Evaluate different sociological approach to the definition of poverty The definition of poverty is the centre of a farce debut. This is if the definition is absolute or relative poverty. The farce intensity of this debut became prominent in the late part of the 19th century and the early parts of the 20th century. This was when people started to feel that some thing most is do about the growing level of inequality and poverty. This was the founding step of th...
  • U: Alcohol And Drug Abuse U: Alcohol And Drug Abuse Alcohol And Drug Abuse ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE Alcohol and drug abuse is one of biggest problems in United States today. It is not only a personal problem that dramatically affects individuals\' life but is a major social problem that affects society as whole. Drug and alcohol abuse , these phrases we hear daily on the radio, television or in discussions of social problem. But what do they mean or what do we think and understand by it? Most of us don\'t really view drug or alcohol use as a proble...
  • B: Computer crime B: Computer crime computer crime Computer Crime: Prevention and Innovation Since the introduction of computers to our society, and in the early 80s the Internet, the world has never been the same. Suddenly our physical world got smaller and the electronic world set its foundations for an endless electronic reality. As we approach the year 2000, the turn of the millenium, humanity has already well established itself into the Information Age. So much in fact that as a nation we find our selves out of a ...
  • C: Funeral Customs of African Americans and American C: Funeral Customs of African Americans and American Funeral Customs of African Americans and American Jews The chaos of death disturbs the peace of the living. This unsettling fact of life has proven to be a rich source of inspiration for human efforts to find order in disorder, meaning in suffering, eternity in finitude. Religion, culture, social structures, the vitality of these rudimentary elements of communal life depends upon ritually putting the dead body in its place, managing the relations between the living and the dead and providing...
  • U: Cultural Anthropology U: Cultural Anthropology Cultural Anthropology There are lots of areas of study out there but the one field that intrigues peoples and civilizations is the actual study of themselves and how they interact with other human cultures. I don\'t think that I would have enrolled for this class if it hadn\'t been for the minor requirement in my business major. Although this class started early in the morning and required a lot from me, I am glad that I took it. I grew up in two cultures simultaneously and the experiences I inc...
  • L: Culture L: Culture Culture Organizational culture can be defined as a system of shared beliefs and values that develops within an organization and guides the behavior of its members. It includes routine behaviors, norms, dominant values, and a feeling or climate conveyed. The purpose and function of this culture is to help foster internal integration, bring staff members from all levels of the organization much closer together, and enhance their performance. However, there seems to be a widely held misconception t...
  • T: Computer Crime: Prevention & Innovation T: Computer Crime: Prevention & Innovation Computer Crime: Prevention & Innovation Computer Crime: Prevention and Innovation Since the introduction of computers to our society, and in the early 80\'s the Internet, the world has never been the same. Suddenly our physical world got smaller and the electronic world set its foundations for an endless electronic reality. As we approach the year 2000, the turn of the millenium, humanity has already well established itself into the Information Age. So much in fact that as a nation we find our...
  • U: Cultural Change in International Markets U: Cultural Change in International Markets Cultural Change in International Markets Competitive pressures caused by globalization, deregulation, and discontinuous technological changes seem to have forced many organizations into considering radical change as a way of surviving and growing. A big part of this radical change has to do with accepting and handling cultural differences among other nations. Organizations pursue change to enhance their competitive positions and to grow. Cultural Change Culture changes over time, despite the fac...
  • R: How Do In And Out Of School Fa R: How Do In And Out Of School Fa How Do In And Out Of School Fa Inequalities exist an all aspects of life. The nature and result of such inequalities shapes our social as well as economic lives. As people progress through their educational life certain inequalities will result in different outcomes of schooling for different sets of people. \'In post war Britain pupils from a working class background are constantly found to gain fewer academic qualifications, to be under represented in institutions of higher education and to en...
  • E: Sign Symbol E: Sign Symbol Sign Symbol A sign system is representation through communication which in turn leads to a shared meaning or understanding. We hold mental representations that classify and organise the world (whether fact or fiction), people, objects and events into meaningful categories so that we can meaningfully comprehend the world. The media use sign systems through newspapers, magazines, television,internet, and the radio etc. The conceptual map of meaning and language are the basis of representation. The...
  • S: Culture and Music S: Culture and Music Culture and Music George Gershwin once said, True music must repeat the thought and inspirations of the people and the time. My people are Americans and my time is today. Over the years, no form of art has attached itself to humanity more than music. Music has been creating and destroying cultures in the Twentieth Century at a very rapid rate. Fads come and go, but true music and the heart behind it never dies. The story of subcultures in and through modern music has to start in the 1920s Ame...
  • Thesis: The five main characters in John Knowles Thesis: The five main characters in John Knowles Thesis: The five main characters in John Knowles\' A Separate Peace represent social stereotypes, according to some people. In his book A Separate Peace, John Knowles represents jocks with Phineas, a character who believes that sports are the key to life. Phineas is more of a sportsman than a jock. Real jocks only care about winning, Phineas makes sure it\'s not possible for anyone to win or lose. Chet Douglas is an exaggerated prep, just like Phineas is an exaggerated jock. He is obsessed with ...
  • Social deviance is a term that refers to forms of Social deviance is a term that refers to forms of Social deviance is a term that refers to forms of behaviour and qualities of persons that others in society devalue and discredit. So what exactly is deviance? In this particular essay we are concerned with social deviance. Not physiological deviations from the expected norm. In general, any behaviour that does not conform to social norms is deviance. That is behaviour that violates significant social norms and is disapproved of by a large number of people as a result. For societies to run with ...
  • Alcohol And Drug Abuse Alcohol And Drug Abuse Word Count: 1410 ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE Alcohol and drug abuse is one of biggest problems in United States today. It is not only a personal problem that dramatically affects individuals' life but is a major social problem that affects society as whole. Drug and alcohol abuse , these phrases we hear daily on the radio, television or in discussions of social problem. But what do they mean or what do we think and understand by it? Most of us don't really view drug or alcohol use as a problem, if th...
  • Relativism: The Tangible Theory Relativism: The Tangible Theory Relativism: The Tangible Theory Relativism: The Tangible Theory Since the beginning of rational thought, philosophers have searched for the true meaning of morality. Many theorists have attempted to answer this question with reasoning, in an attempt to find a universal set of rules, or a way to distinguish right from wrong. Some theorists believe that this question is best answered by a single moral standard, while others debate if there can be a single solution. Cultural Relativism explores th...
  • Participatory Management Participatory Management Participatory Management Participatory Management: summary of findings and annotated bibliography MSA 650 Organization Theory: Strategy and Structure In scanning the recent literature on participatory management certain themes arise. Participatory management is a way to empower employees and create a more innovative bottom up structure for organizations. It is a movement toward decentralizing power. There are many suggestions on how this type of structure is to be realized. Most articles I rev...
  • Sodomy Laws: Should They Be Eliminated Sodomy Laws: Should They Be Eliminated Sodomy Laws: Should They Be Eliminated Alvarez, Gary page 1 Eng. 101; sec. 51 Theme II rough draft 1 February 17, 2000 SODOMY LAWS: SHOULD THEY BE ELIMINATED? During the past decade, gays and lesbians have become more assertive in expressing their rights within American society. Although gay people are gaining legal rights and protection, they continue to be victims of discriminatory laws and social intolerance. Issues such as whether gays belong in the military, in the clergy, or in the teachin...
  • Communication Communication Communication MEN ARE FROM MARS, WOMEN ARE FROM VENUS: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN COMMUNICATION Men and women typically use different discourse strategies in communication, and, in general, women\'s linguistic behavior is disadvantageous compared to men\'s. This paper will attempt to demonstrate this fact, through the many stereotypes observed in Western society, which influence our perceptions, and may lead to actual gender differences. Despite these assumptions, it has been proven through countless...
  • Lewis And Lewis, P.c Accounting Firm Lewis And Lewis, P.c Accounting Firm Lewis And Lewis, P.c Accounting Firm Lewis and Lewis, P.C Accounting Firm Lewis Lewis, P.C. is a small, Jackson-based accounting firm that employs thirty-five people and was founded by Phil Willis in 1968. It exhibits many interesting aspects of organizational behavior, which we will examine below from several perspectives. After examining the company\'s current policies and practices, we will evaluate its status in the transition from the old to the new model of organization, and recommend some...
  • Obesity Obesity Obesity Obesity is a problem that affects virtually every person on the planet. Everyone knows someone who is overweight or they themselves are overweight. In this research paper we will be looking at the topic of obesity and the social ramifications that it holds. We will first look at obesity in a broad way. Then we will focus on obesity and its effects on children. And finally, obesity and adulthood will be covered. The topic of obesity is important to the field of sociology because obese peo...
  • Japan Japan Japan Japan Geographical Setting Japan is an island country in the North Pacific Ocean. It lies off the northeast coast of mainland Asia and faces Russia,Korea, and China. Four large islands and thousands of smaller ones make up Japan. The four major islands- Hokkaido,Honshu,Kyushu and Shikoku form a curve that extends for about 1,900 kilometres. Topography Japan is a land of great natural beauty. mountains and hills cover about 70% of the country. IN fact, Japanese islands consist of the rugged...
  • Anthropology Anthropology Anthropology Anth 174 Candomble is a branch of Santeria, an Afro-Carribbean religion which evolved among African slaves from the Yoruba religion. Historically, when slaves were brought to the Caribbean they were forced to take on the religion of their masters; in the Caribbean and South America it was predominantly Roman Catholic. Yoruban decedents kept their religion alive in part by continuing to worship the African deities in the guise of Christian saints; from this tradition evolved Voodoo i...
  • Super Predators Super Predators Super Predators What is the super predator ? They are young hypercriminals who are committing acts of violence of unprecedented coldness and brutality. This newest phenomenon in the world of crime is perhaps the most dangerous challenge facing society and law enforcement ever. While psychopaths are not new, this breed of super criminal exceeds the scope of psychopathic behaviour. They are younger, more brutal, and completely unafraid of the law. While current research on the super predator is sc...
  • Movie Analysis Movie Analysis Movie Analysis INTRODUCTION The movie analyzed in this paper is The Mission. This movie contains several sociological aspects and concepts. The concepts most easily identified are the ones that will be discussed in the following pages of this paper. Those concepts are Social Inequality, Deviance, and Subcultures. Social inequality is the social differences that exist whenever one group of people has different access to the rewards a society offers. Deviance is a variation from a set of norms or ...
  • Sign Symbol Sign Symbol Sign Symbol A sign system is representation through communication which in turn leads to a shared meaning or understanding. We hold mental representations that classify and organise the world (whether fact or fiction), people, objects and events into meaningful categories so that we can meaningfully comprehend the world. The media use sign systems through newspapers, magazines, television,internet, and the radio etc. The conceptual map of meaning and language are the basis of representation. The...