Social And Political Being


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social and political being Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism

Amidst the chaos of political instability and constant warring of the Zhou era, arose many intellectual thinkers that brought such a profound impact in the fields of politics, religion, and philosophy.  Even to this day, their influence can be seen on the many matters of China.  Confucianism became the paramount school of thinking and later significant philosophies such as Daoism and Legalism gained immense recognition as well.  Each party had their own proposals for creating an idealistic political society where the many problems they faced in their everyday lives could be eliminated.  All three approaches were very distinct but at the same time, they contained similarities as well.  In my reasoning, I find that Confucianism and Daoism could be paralled in many ways to find several common grounds.  On the other hand, Legalism goes on to take a more unique approach which was much different from the previous two.  
Confucius was born in 551 B.C.E, to a poor family of the lower nobility.  Throughout his life, he relentlessly tried to gain an office with a prominent ruler of the time who was willing to adopt his various concepts.  Unfortunately, Confucius died in 479B.C.E., before such a change ever took place.  However, he succeeded in winning over a handful of devote followers who continued his legacy and Confucianism later went on to become one of the most influential thought systems of Chinese history.  Of his followers, Mencius and Xunzi became one of the most renown.  Since Confucius did not succeed in completing a manual of his views, these followers had to derive their own interpretations of the system, which now formulate, the Analects.  The Analects portray an idealized gentleman, and his various duties in terms of the society, family and rituals.  Confucius explains about the way (Dao) which he believed, that if the people accepted its terms and were willing to abide, they would succeed in creating a utopian society.
By the beginning of the Common Era, another philosophy emerges and gains wide acceptance among the commoners.  Daoism, just like the predecessor and also as the name implies, puts emphasis on the way that a certain individual is to abide to.  Even though the two systems had different concepts about the way, the common denominator of both schools was to achieve total harmony in society.  Confucianism focuses mainly on social order while Daoism puts its central; focus on being one with the nature.
If an individual can practice five things anywhere in the world, he is a man of humanity...reverence, generosity, truthfulness, diligence and kindness (Ebrey 19).  Confucius gentleman has to possess these fine qualities to achieve success.  On the other side of the token, Daoism emphasized the need for similar entities.  Laozi explains: For minds, the depth is good.  In social relations, human-heartedness is good.  In speaking, the trustworthiness is good.  In government order is good (Ebrey 28).  Both systems, through through different approaches, promote peace and goodwill among the family, society and with neighboring states.
Both Confucianism and Daoism accept the presence of a supernatural entity but do not provide a clear explanation on it.  Both thought systems consider it mostly as a mystery that the human mind cannot fully comprehend or alter.  Confucius put great importance in conducting numerous rituals for various occasions.  He found it to be an essential part for the well being of society.  He said, when superiors love ritual, the people are easy to direct (Ebrey 22).  Xunzi provides a more elaborate explanation.  He said Ritual conduct is the perfection of decorum...Sages comprehend it, gentleman comfortably carries them out, officials preserves them and the common people consider them custom (Ebrey 25).  The same sense of mystery or vagueness can be sensed in Daoism.  Laozi said, The way that can be discussed is not the constant way...nameless is the source of Heaven and earth...Their identity can be called a mystery (Ebrey 27).
Both Confucianism and Daoism disfavored a harsh government.  Confucius urged to lead the people with virtue and rituals as opposed to government policies and punishment.  He believed that the ruler should gain respect through his deeds rather that achieving it through his status and authority.  Likewise, Daoism disliked the emphasis of status being displayed in ... more

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What Was World War Ii

world war II was a war of course it was a world war. by this i mean it affected the whole world.
world war II was a grevious and bloody war. this war (world war II) had more deaths than any other war ever fought.
it all started in germany where a man known as Adolf Hitler was being given germany practicly on a platter. Hitler was a very smart man, he played a whole nation and made them believe he was for real. once he was given germany, he seized control. taking over everything and exterminating all that opposed. hitler was part of the nazi party (which was also known as the national socialist german worker's party) which later on became the the only political party in germany.
Practicly no one believed he could do it, by the time they reliezed he could, it was to late.
Hitler was very ambitious, it was his ambition that caused this great war to began. Hitler took over many place some of these being finland, poland, and parts of france.
World War II was all started by Hitlers rage, and his idea that germans were the perfect race, and that all inferior races should be killed. Hitlers main concern was with the jews. his attacks on them, and the attacks on other races together with the attacks on him and the wars fought in between, are what World War II was mainly made up of.
During world war II Hitler had many concentration camps made to hold, and kill jewish people. these camps were nasty unsanitery putrid grounds, sorrounded by bob wire fences and guarded by guards that were ready to kill. there jews were killed by toxic gasses that were exucuted. that is if they didnt die of starvation or disease first.
many families went into hiding during this time. they would rather have died in there own, than be torchered or helped
World War II brought many new things to the world. It could have been called a revolution.
it was the first war to use atomic weapons. the atomic bomb, which was small enough to carry in a plane, yet destructive enough to cause total un-controlable chaos.
later on in the war, japan decided to bomb pearl harbor. which was a big mistake for them. because on august 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped.
with that and hitlers death the war soon drew to an end. many people call this war the last "good" war. this war boast the most deaths ever recorded in a war. its magnitude and effect it had on people still, today live in the hearts of many.
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social and political being

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