Simple Api For Xml


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It's not my p[aper/ I just find it in the internet/
Abstract
This document defines syntax for representing grammars for use in speech recognition so that developers can specify the words and patterns of words to be listened for by a speech recognizer. The syntax of the grammar format is presented in two forms, an Augmented BNF Form and an XML Form. The specification makes the two representations mappable to allow automatic transformations between the two forms.
Status of this Document
This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at http://www.w3.org/TR/.
This document has been reviewed by W3C Members and other interested parties, and it has been endorsed by the Director as a W3C Recommendation. W3C's role in making the Recommendation is to draw attention to the specification and to promote its widespread deployment. This enhances the functionaility and interoperability of the Web.
This specification is part of the W3C Speech Interface Framework and has been developed within the W3C Voice Browser Activity (activity statement) by participants in the Voice Browser Working Group (W3C Members only).
The design of SRGS 1.0 has been widely reviewed (see the disposition of comments) and satisfies the Working Group's technical requirements. A list of implementations is included in the SRGS 1.0 implementation report, along with the associated test suite.
Comments are welcome on www-voice@w3.org (archive). See W3C mailing list and archive usage guidelines.
The W3C maintains a list of any patent disclosures related to this work.
Table of Contents
     1. Introduction
o     1.1 Grammar Processors and User Agents
o     1.2 Scope
o     1.3 Grammar Conversions
o     1.4 Semantic Interpretation
o     1.5 Embedded Grammars
o     1.6 Terminology
     2. Rule Expansions
o     2.1 Tokens
o     2.2 Rule References
     2.2.1 Local References
     2.2.2 External Reference by URI
     2.2.3 Special Rules
     2.2.4 Referencing N-gram Documents
o     2.3 Sequences and Encapsulation
o     2.4 Alternatives
     2.4.1 Weights
o     2.5 Repeats
     2.5.1 Repeat Probabilities
o     2.6 Tags
o     2.7 Language
o     2.8 Precedence
     3. Rule Definitions
o     3.1 Basic Rule Definition
o     3.2 Scoping of Rule Definitions
o     3.3 Example Phrases
     4. Grammar Documents
o     4.1 Grammar Header Declarations
o     4.2 ABNF Self-Identifying Header
o     4.3 XML Form Prolog and Root Element
o     4.4 Character Encoding
o     4.5 Language
o     4.6 Mode
o     4.7 Root Rule
o     4.8 Tag Format
o     4.9 Base URI
     4.9.1 Resolving Relative URIs
o     4.10 Pronunciation Lexicon
o     4.11 Meta Data
     4.11.1 Meta and HTTP-Equiv
     4.11.2 XML Metadata (XML Only)
o     4.12 Tag
o     4.13 Comments
o     4.14 Grammar Fetching
o     4.15 ABNF Keywords
     5. Conformance
o     5.1 Conforming XML Form Grammar Fragments
o     5.2 Conforming Stand-Alone XML Form Document
o     5.3 Using XML Form Grammars with other Namespaces
o     5.4 Conforming XML Form Grammar Processors
o     5.5 Conforming Stand-Alone ABNF Form Grammar Documents
o     5.6 Conforming ABNF Form Grammar Processors
o     5.7 Conforming ABNF/XML Form Grammar Processors
o     5.8 Conforming User Agents
     6. Acknowledgements
     Appendix A. References
o     A.1 Normative References
o     A.2 Informative References
     Appendix B. DTD for XML Form Grammars (Informative)
     Appendix C. XML Schema Definition For XML Form Grammars (Normative)
     Appendix D. Formal Syntax for Augmented BNF Form Grammars (Normative)
     Appendix E. DTMF Grammars (Normative)
     Appendix F. XSLT Style Sheet to Convert XML Form Grammars to the ABNF Form (Informative)
     Appendix G. Media Types and File Suffix (Informative)
     Appendix H. Logical Parse Structure (Informative)
o     H.1 Terminology and Notation
o     H.2 Parsing Rule References
o     H.3 Recursion
     Appendix I. Features under Consideration for Future Versions (Informative)
     Appendix J. Example Grammars in ABNF Form and XML Form (Informative)
o     J.1 Simple Examples (English)
o     J.2 Cross-Reference Examples (English)
o     J.3 Korean Examples
o     J.4 Chinese Examples
o     J.5 Swedish Examples
1. Introduction
This document defines the syntax for grammar representation. The grammars are intended for use by speech recognizers and other grammar processors so that developers can specify the words and patterns of words to be listened for by a speech recognizer.
The syntax of the grammar format is presented in two forms, an Augmented BNF (ABNF) Form and an XML Form. The specification ensures that the two representations are semantically mappable to allow automatic transformations between the two forms.
     Augmented BNF syntax (ABNF): this is a plain-text (non-XML) representation which is similar to traditional BNF grammar and to many existing BNF-like representations commonly used in the field of speech recognition including the JSpeech Grammar Format [JSGF] from which this specification is derived. ... more

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Xml And Java


XML and Java
Abstract
Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages. And Java is a very good language for creating those programs.
There has been a close relationship between Java and XML since the earliest mention of XML. John Bosak of Sun Microsystems, Chair of the XML Working Group has said that XML gives Java something to do (Web Techniques, pg. 43). Since there has been a decision to provide a standard Java API for manipulating XML (WT Pg. 43), the use of Java to manipulate XML documents is likely to continue, and increase over time.
What is XML?
XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language. It looks a lot like HTML. In fact, both HTML and XML are commonly viewed as a subset of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language). SGML is very complicated, a fact that has lead to its failure to gain widespread usage. HTML, its greatly simplified descendant, has been a resounding success, but it is beginning to demonstrate some significant limitations. XML is in between these markup languages in terms of complexity. It is more complex than HTML, but still significantly less complex than SGML. (Dynamic Web Publishing Unleashed - Pg. 744-745). It is essentially an attempt to define a common ground between HTML and SGML.
Like SGML, XML is a metalanguage for defining markup languages. XML allows you to define your own markup language consisting of new tags which you can use to encode the information in your web documents far more precisely than can be done with HTML. XML is not a replacement for HTML. It is, instead, a supplement to HTML. While HTML will continue to be used for standard web pages, XML will be useful for applications that need more intelligent documents and more processing ability (DWP - Pg. 745).
The main limitations of HTML are lack of extensibility, structure, and validation. (http:// metalab.unc.edu/pub/sun-info/standards/xml/why/xmlapps.html).
Extensibility. HTML has a fixed number of tags. While the W3C and browser developers can (and frequently do) add tags, users cannot create their own tags to more accurately describe their data.
Structure. HTML does not support the creation of nested tags, which would be used to describe and represent databases or object hierarchies.
Validation. HTML does not support document validation. It has no means of allowing an application to check the data for validity, or to ensure that the markup is correct and well formed.
XML differs from HTML in all three of these major areas:
It allows developers to define new tags and attributes as needed
It allows document tags to be nested as deeply as needed.
Any XML document can include or make reference to a description of its grammar and syntax for use by applications that need to validate the structure of a document.
XML will be most widely used in applications, which cannot be accomplished within the limitations of HTML. According to Jon Bosak of Sun Microsystems (Future of the web)
These applications can be divided into four broad categories:
Applications that require the Web client to mediate between two or more heterogeneous databases
Applications that require the Web client to present different views of the same data to different users.
Applications that require the Web client to present different views of the same data to different users.
Applications in which intelligent Web agents attempt to tailor information discovery to the needs of the individual users.
One more quote from Mr. Bosak: XML can do for data what Java has done for programs, which is to make the data both platform-independent and vendor-independent.
Why Java?
It can be argued that Java is an ideal language to use to create the applications listed above. At the most obvious level, both have been promoted almost exclusively for use in Web environments. But several features of the Java language make ... more

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  • S: Xml and java S: Xml and java xml and java Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages. And Java is a very good...
  • I: Maths I: Maths maths It\'s not my p[aper/ I just find it in the internet/ Abstract This document defines syntax for representing grammars for use in speech recognition so that developers can specify the words and patterns of words to be listened for by a speech recognizer. The syntax of the grammar format is presented in two forms, an Augmented BNF Form and an XML Form. The specification makes the two representations mappable to allow automatic transformations between the two forms. Status of this Document Thi...
  • M: Xml And Java M: Xml And Java Xml And Java XML and Java Abstract Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages. A...
  • P: IT related terms P: IT related terms IT related terms A high-level programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs in the mid 1970s. Although originally designed as a systems programming language, C has proved to be a powerful and flexible language that can be used for a variety of applications, from business programs to engineering. C is a particularly popular language for personal computer programmers because it is relatively small -- it requires less memory than other languages. The first major program written in C...
  • L: Xml And Java L: Xml And Java Xml And Java XML and Java Abstract Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages. A...
  • E: Xml and java E: Xml and java xml and java Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages. And Java is a very good...
  •  : Maths : Maths maths It\'s not my p[aper/ I just find it in the internet/ Abstract This document defines syntax for representing grammars for use in speech recognition so that developers can specify the words and patterns of words to be listened for by a speech recognizer. The syntax of the grammar format is presented in two forms, an Augmented BNF Form and an XML Form. The specification makes the two representations mappable to allow automatic transformations between the two forms. Status of this Document Thi...
  • A: Xml And Java A: Xml And Java Xml And Java XML and Java Abstract Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages. A...
  • P: IT related terms P: IT related terms IT related terms A high-level programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs in the mid 1970s. Although originally designed as a systems programming language, C has proved to be a powerful and flexible language that can be used for a variety of applications, from business programs to engineering. C is a particularly popular language for personal computer programmers because it is relatively small -- it requires less memory than other languages. The first major program written in C...
  • I: Xml And Java I: Xml And Java Xml And Java XML and Java Abstract Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages. A...