Psychoanalytical Society


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psychoanalytical society . "Culture: Culture is anything that is socially learned and shared.
   . Culture can be material or nonmaterial
   . Material: Technology
   . Nonmaterial: Ideas, belief, rules.
   . Components of culture
       a. Symbols: Differences lead to culture shock
       b. Language: Sapir/Whorf hypothesis
       c. Material/Nonmaterial
       d. Norms: 1.Mores 2.Folkways
       e. Values
   . Cultural change: Inventions, discoveries diffusion
   . Ethnocentrism- looking at other culture from the point of your own
     culture.
   . Cultural Relativism- looking at other culture from their own culture.
   . High Culture- an elite group's culture in a society
   . Popular Culture- culture that shared by many people
   . Subculture- basically it depends main culture and it doesn't against
     main culture.
   . Counterculture- contains values or forms against the main culture.
   . Culture can accumulate; can change.
   . Mores- ideas of right and wrong that are very strong. (Killing people)
   . Folkway- ways of the folk, public
   . Value- Things that mean a lot for people. (Sending children to
     university)
   . SAPIR/WHORF hypothesis: Language is a cultural lens.

                              CULTURE THEORY

   . 1) STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM
       a. Meets human needs
       b. Solidarity, unity
       c. Focuses on cultural traits.
   . 2) CONFLICT THORY
       a. Economic factors, relationship to production process, influence
          culture.
   . 3) SOCIOBIOLOGY
       a. Genetic factors, evolution, natural selection
       b. NURTURE (social learning/environment)
       c. It can explain human behaviour and social reality.
       d. Knowledge about different cultures is necessary to be free, to
          have many choices.

                                  SOCIETY

   . People who interact in a defined territory and share culture.
        o Lenski Brothers
        o Karl Marx
        o Durkheim
        o Weber
   . Lenskis- technological development
        o Simple technology- it allows to control nature.
        o Complex technology.
              . FIVE TYPES OF SOCIETY ACOORDING TO TECHNOLOGY
                    . Hunting-gathering: (Nomadic groups)
                    . Horticultural/pastoral (Gardening)(Settled)
                      Domestication of animals.
                    . Agrarian (cities, agriculture, (non-industrial) (able
                      to produce to store to trade)
                    . Industrial (mass production in factories)
                    . Post Industrial (knowledge, information,
                      specialization)
   . LIMITS OF TECHNOLOGY
   . Technology is not providing a relief to everybody; it is providing
     only a minority.
   . Pollution is a disadvantage of technology.
   . Karl Marx
   . History of society -History of class conflict -History of economic
     relationships.
   . Focus on "Process of Production"
        o Alienation- Isolation and misery, resulting from powerlessness
   . Workers alienation
        o From work
        o From product of work
        o From other workers
        o From human potential
   . Max Weber
   . Ideas, beliefs etc.
   . Focus on how people view the world.
        o A: traditional societies
        o B: industrial societies
        o C: rational societies
   . How is rationality measured
   . Willingness of people to accept new technologies
   . Durkheim
   . Society is a structure outside of individual
   . Aims to regulate individuals' endless desires
   . What keeps society together?
        o Mechanical solidarity: tradition, values
        o Organic solidarity: interdependence
   . SOCIALIZATION- lifelong process of learning/internalising norms,
     values of a social group.
   . It is necessary for developing human personality.
   . A) Feral children (social isolated) by Harloure
   . Internalisation- learning sth. From feeling, experience and they
     involve their emotions.
   . Learning methods:
        o Direct learning
        o Observation
        o Models
        o Internalisation
   . Agents of Socialization
   . Family, Education, Media, Peer groups.
   .  Sociology starts in the family.
   . FREUD- psychoanalytical theory
   . Death instinct/life instinct
   . Super ego- all the rules, norms, rights
   . Ego- maintains the balance between superego and id.
   . Id- it is our instincts.
   . Human beings are dominated by instincts. Because of these human being
     must be controlled.
   . Personality:
        o 1. Deterministic: what happens in our childhood it affects our
          personality.
        o 2. Limited to childhood: we learned socialization lifelong
          process but?
        o Psychosexual stages: He explained the childhood through the
          psychosexual stages
   . Oedipal stage (3-6 years)
        o Realization of own sex
        o Falls in love, parent of opposite sex
        o Very intense feelings of love, guilt, anger, jealous
   . What is the Resolution of that stage?
   . Accepts reality- identifies with own sex
   . When socialization takes place according to Freud answer is childhood.
   . The most important stage is psychosexual stages is childhood stages
     and in it Oedipal stage.
   .  Individual are relatively passive. Childhood determines who the human
     being is so it is theory relatively pessimistic. Because you can't
     change its ... more

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Symbols in The Waste Land
Symbols in T. S. Eliot's "The Waste Land" When the poem was first printed in book form two months after its initial publication in the "Criterion" of October, 1922, the printer needed additional copy to fill a signature; since Eliot had no other poems ready at that time, he submitted the e...

Weakness Symbols Necessary for Portraying Coming of Age Themes
Weakness Symbols Necessary for Portraying Coming of Age Themes Short stories often have coming of age themes. In the stories "A White Heron," "Shaving," "Eleven," "The Masque of the Red Death," and "The Bet," the coming of age themes are shown with the help of symbols . The characters never just ...

Master Builder freudian symbols
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Nathaniel Hawthorne chose the market place and the forest as settings used to symbolically develop his portrait of society and the characters in The Scarlet Letter. In this novel a story unfolds of three people who are torn apart by sin, revenge, and guilt. The market place reveals to the reader ...

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The Yellow Wall-Paper A Twist on Conventional Symbols
"The Yellow Wall-Paper": A Twist on Conventional Symbols Reflecting their role in society, women in literature are often portrayed in a position that is dominated by men. Especially in the nineteenth century, women were repressed and controlled by their husbands as well as other male influence...

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Arthur Miller is recognized as an important and influential playwright, not to mention essayist and novelist. Although he has had plenty of luck in his writing career, his fame is the product of his ingenious ability to control what he wants his readers to picture or feel. As one of his critics s...

Symbols in Beowulf
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Bless me Ultima Symbols Essay
Bless me, Ultima Essay What is faith? Does everyone have faith? Is faith believing in something you havent seen but you think is true? All of these questions have an answer and in Bless me, Ultima by Rodolfo Anaya these questions are im...

Symbols in Beowulf
In many stories throughout ancient times, Monsters have been the focus of the problems in one's society. These creatures of the dark have always posed a certain threat to society. Further, monsters have been connected to features that are non human or primitive animal like features. Beowulf, whose ...

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psychoanalytical society

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