Poverty Bleak Future For The


Find More Poverty Bleak Future For The

Looking for essays on poverty bleak future for the? We have thousands of essays on this topic and more.

poverty bleak future for the George Orwell and Animal Farm and 1984  comparison compare contrast essays


George Orwell and Animal Farm and 1984

 

George Orwell is only a pen name. The man behind the classics Animal Farm and 1984 was named Eric Arthur Blair and was born to a middle class family living in Bengal in 1903. Eric Blair got his first taste of class prejudice at a young age when his mother forced him to abandon his playmates, which were plumber's children (Crick 9). He could then play only with the other children in the family, all of whom were at least five years older or younger than Eric (Crick 12). This created in him a sense of alienation that plagued him all his life and seems to be reflected in the bitter decay and loneliness he later expressed in his novel 1984. As he moved around unsuccessfully from job to job, he never really developed a sense of self-worth. His childhood self-esteem had already been scarred by his bed wetting habit, of which Orwell Biographer Jeffrey Meyers writes that it "was only the first of endless episodes that made Orwell feel guilty: he was poor, he was lazy and a failure, ungrateful and unhealthy, disgusting and dirty minded, weak, ugly, cowardly" (23).   

 

His writings, under the name of George Orwell, and specifically his two major novels, mentioned above, contain themes warning readers of the dangers present in modern society, a world he saw as bleak and repressive through the filter of his unhappy childhood and two world wars. Despite their sometimes dark settings, his works are very accessible, which has made him popular among those not usually comfortable with more intellectual fiction. But his works do discuss serious themes and contain a specific focus, making them valid pieces of literature and not just popular fiction.  

 

Animal Farm is Orwell's most widely read novel, in part, because of its cartoonish characters and easily interpreted allegorical themes. It tells the story of the revolution of the animals living on Manor Farm. A pig named Napoleon rises to become the totalitarian leader of the farm, which is renamed Animal Farm, after the lazy, alcoholic farmer is run off. Animal farm is an allegory for the October Revolution and Stalin's regime in Russia. It is a novel in which "every detail has political significance" (Meyers 133). Napoleon the Pig, representing Stalin, gradually tears down the precepts upon which Animal Farm has been founded and eventually returns the farm to a condition almost worse than before, with the pigs whipping, killing, and starving the other animals.  

 

 The humans in 1984 exist in much the same state as Orwell left the animals in Animal Farm. They are defeated, scared, and completely subservient to their totalitarian dictator. 1984 is Orwell's vision of the state of the future, a state existing under the rule of Big Brother in the year 1984. The novel focuses on the life of Winston Smith. Winston works in Minitrue, which is the branch of Big Brother's government concerned with writing news stories, whether true or false, and altering past news reports to reconcile any contradictions with current news stories and state policies. Minitrue is a shortening of the words "ministry of truth" in Newspeak, an original language, based on these types of abbreviations, created by Orwell to show how Big Brother uses the limiting of people's language to control their thoughts. Secretly, Winston begins keeping a diary of his thoughts and feelings. This creative, free-thinking exercise is highly illegal in Big Brother's society, an infraction which is called a "thoughtcrime." People who are caught committing a thoughtcrime, which may sometimes consist of only a stray comment or unpleasant facial expression, are taken in the middle of the night to be "reeducated" and then promptly executed. Winston increases his chances of reeducation further by engaging in a secret sexual relationship with a woman who is a model party member and who turns out to be a not-so-loyal member of "The Junior Anti-Sex League." Being caught committing thoughtcrimes is almost inevitable because Big Brother has installed "telescreens" nearly everywhere, enabling his agents to watch those within the telescreens' scope at any time they want. The ... more

poverty bleak future for the

Research on Poverty Bleak Future For The

  1. Open Free Essay
    Launch Free Essay and search for "Poverty Bleak Future For The" to start researching.
  2. Find the perfect essay
    Choose from tons of different essay in various lengths, styles and themes. Find the perfect Poverty Bleak Future For The essay to find and customize for your brainstorming needs.
  3. Brainstorm ideas and themes
    Use the essays you found on Poverty Bleak Future For The and extract the ideas from them. Use those ideas for the basis of your own essay.
  4. Cite your essay
    Remember to cite any essays you used for your new essay.
Start a New Essay on Poverty Bleak Future For The

Find essay on Poverty Bleak Future For The

The South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles Industry

The South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles Industry
Where to from here?

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

"Welcome to Ghost Town."

The title of an article published in the Clothing industry Pursuit magazine. Dimbaza once a thriving hub of clothing and garment factories now lies deserted with 110 of the once 120 active factories mothballed, 5000 job losses in 18 months.

Unfortunately this is not an uncommon story but rather one which is becoming all the more frequent as the local Clothing, Footwear and Textiles industries are ravaged by the competitive global juggernaut, China!

But surely this could have been avoided the lament rises.

The truth is that global move to free trade and the effects of a rampant Rand in recent years have all but blindsided an industry which for years existed in a artificial vacuum, blissfully ignorant to the slumbering global forces that would change the market for ever.

And laments there have been! COSATU have held national strikes, Retailers have diplomatically fended off local procurement commitments and the government has steadfastly remained stoic - help yourself and we will assist the continued view. A divided sector in a time when division is not only ill-advised but tantamount to suicide!

Where to for here?

This discussion analyses the contributing factors and outlines policy recommendations, vital to the survival of the sector in ANY form.
CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY     2
1. INTRODUCTION     4
2. CONTEXT     4
2.1 Formation of the South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles Industry     4
2.2. The current reality is bleak!     4
3. CONTRIBUTING FACTORS     6
3.1. Overview     6
3.2. Trade liberalisation     6
3.3. Local Competitiveness     8
3.4. Less protectionism and compromised competitiveness = more imports     9
3.5. Reasons for Chinese dominance of world markets     9
4. REACTION FROM STAKEHOLDERS     10
4.1. SACTWU and COSATU     10
4.2. National Retailers Response     11
4.3. Governments response     12
4.4. China's response     13
5. POLICY SUGGESTIONS     14
5.1. Short Term Measures     14
5.1.1. Consensus must be achieved!     14
5.1.2. Short-Term Protectionism is key     14
5.1.3. Stem illegal and under-invoiced imports     15
5.1.4 Outcome of Short Term Measures     15
5.2. Longer Term Interventions     15
5.2.1. Industry assistance     15
5.2.2. Reduce raw material prices     16
5.2.3. Relaxation of current labour legislation     16
5.2.4. Increase trade opportunities     16
5.2.5. Repositioning of the industry model     17
5.2.6. Skills, technology and process improvements     17
5.2.7. Outcome of longer-term initiatives     17
6. CONCLUSION     18
REFERENCES     19

1. INTRODUCTION

The South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles Industries are in crisis!

Once cosseted by the protection offered by high levels of trade restrictions and international isolation, and a blissful period of Rand weakness the past three years have seen it being harshly exposed to international competition especially from the dominant Asian giant, China.

The industry context, major contributing factors and stakeholder reaction is examined with policy recommendations being presented in defining an effective strategy going forward.

One thing is clear. Business as usual is no longer an option, only radical and focussed effort will meet with any measure of success!


2. CONTEXT

2.1 Formation of the South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles Industry

The South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles industry developed in an environment of heavy protectionism with restrictive import tariffs and quantitative quota's shielding the local industry from international competition. In addition to the market interventions the apartheid regime provided direct support to the industry formation through investment support from by the state-owned Industrial Development Corporation (IDC).

The focus of the industry was largely internal with exports only forming 6% of production in the 1970's growing sedately to 15% in 1989 (Democratic Alliance, Hanging by a Thread) prior to the imposition of international sanctions in the late 80's and early 90's.

2.2. The current reality is bleak!

After years of protectionism firstly through the intervention of the state and thereafter isolation from competitive world markets through the imposition of international trade sanctions, the inward focussed Clothing, Footwear and Textiles industry was harshly exposed to international competition post the implementation of extensive trade liberalisation policies after South African acceptance of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1994.

As trade regulations have been aggressively relaxed over the past few years the impact on the local industry has been severe. More than 43500 jobs have been lost since 2003 with a net reduction in employment estimated at 75000 since 1996 by Statistics SA. (The Shopsteward" Special Edition, 2005) This is clearly demonstrated by the data in Table and Figure 1 below.


Table 1 Employment in South African Textiles and Clothing (Statistics South Africa)

     Spinning, weaving & finishing     Other textiles     Knitted/crocheted fabrics & articles     Clothing
1993     35 260     30 695     15 976     124 687
1994     35 839     32 053     14 567     124 538
1995     34 641     32 369     13 682     134 945
1996     45 566     32 886     19 158     149 219 ... more

poverty bleak future for the

FAQ

What long should essays be?

Generally, the length requirements are indicated in your assignment sheet. It can be words, paragraphs, or pages given as a range (300–500 words) or a particular number (5 pages). If you are not sure about your essay’s length, the number-one tip is to clarify it with your tutor. Also, if you’re not sure how to write an essay, we have a detailed guide on that topic, just follow the link.

What makes an effective essay?

An essay should have a single clear central idea. Each paragraph should have a clear main point or topic sentence. ... An essay or paper should be organized logically, flow smoothly, and "stick" together. In other words, everything in the writing should make sense to a reader.

What should be included on an essay?

A basic essay consists of three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. Following this format will help you write and organize an essay. However, flexibility is important. While keeping this basic essay format in mind, let the topic and specific assignment guide the writing and organization.

What They say About Free Essay

I also want to thank http://freeessay.com , pantip and wikipedia for make it happens. #storytelling

@Gusgustt

Browse Essays

  • P: Cutting Down the Brazilian Rainforest Is Wrong P: Cutting Down the Brazilian Rainforest Is Wrong Cutting Down the Brazilian Rainforest Is Wrong Cutting down the Brazilian rainforest is not a morally just thing to do. Not only does leave the soil sterile and cut the land used for crops\' life in half, but it also eliminates the opportunity for new medicines to be found, new plants to use for treatment in the medical field, and petroleum substitutes to be collected and used, just to name a few. In addition, the presence of the rainforest helps protect us from global warming and keeps some of ...
  • O: George Orwell and Animal Farm and 1984 comparison O: George Orwell and Animal Farm and 1984 comparison George Orwell and Animal Farm and 1984 comparison compare contrast essays George Orwell and Animal Farm and 1984 George Orwell is only a pen name. The man behind the classics Animal Farm and 1984 was named Eric Arthur Blair and was born to a middle class family living in Bengal in 1903. Eric Blair got his first taste of class prejudice at a young age when his mother forced him to abandon his playmates, which were plumber's children (Crick 9). He could then play only with the other children in th...
  • V: The South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles V: The South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles The South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles Industry The South African Clothing, Footwear and Textiles Industry Where to from here? EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Welcome to Ghost Town. The title of an article published in the Clothing industry Pursuit magazine. Dimbaza once a thriving hub of clothing and garment factories now lies deserted with 110 of the once 120 active factories mothballed, 5000 job losses in 18 months. Unfortunately this is not an uncommon story but rather one which is becoming a...
  • E: Social Welfare E: Social Welfare Social Welfare The Declaration of Independence was created in 1776 with three basic principles in mind. The pursuits of life, liberty, and happiness were the paramount issues focused on by the framers. The 18th Century was a different time. Back then, every man worked on his own farm. He was expected to provide for himself and his family. It was unheard of for anyone to receive assistance from the government. As the country progressed and evolved, the rich got richer and the poor poorer. The Gil...
  • R: Russian Mafia R: Russian Mafia Russian Mafia Protectionism in the New Capitalist Russia The Russian Mafia has always exercised an important role in the Russian economy. The contemporary mafiosi are descendents of the seventeenth Century highwaymen and Cossack robbers. These men occasionally murdered families prior to raids preventing them from being captured. The Russia mafiosi made a point to remain aloof from the state. Mob men were actually spurned when returning home from fighting in the Great Patriotic War. The gangs beg...
  • T: Cultural Diversity in Local Politics T: Cultural Diversity in Local Politics Cultural Diversity in Local Politics Cultural Diversity in Local Politics Overview This paper explores the limits and potentials of ethnic and racial coalition building in Los Angeles. The demographic changes that have occurred in Los Angeles during the past twenty years have been extraordinary, both in scope and diversity. The area has witnessed a literal boom in population growth, increasing from 7 million in 1970 to 8.8 million in 1990. (US Bureau of the Census) However, it is the dramatic ch...
  • Y: Welfare Reform Y: Welfare Reform Welfare Reform Welfare Reform: A Permanent Solution or a Temporary Band-Aid? Welfare: handouts to the lazy, or a helping hand to those facing hard times? The debate continues, even in the face of sweeping welfare reform, which, for all of its sound and fury, has not helped or changed much. What\'s wrong with welfare and how can we fix it? This is not a simple question, and there is no simple answer. However, one thing remains eminently clear. Welfare desperately needs to change. But where are we...
  •  : Science : Science Science LAW, SOCIAL SCIENCE, LITERATURE, LAW SCHOOL, AND PERSONAL STATEMENTS Law School Admissions: Why Bother? Stately and plump, Harvard Law School admits just 850 to yield a class of 550; for Yale, fewer than 400 admitted brings a svelte class of 170. Ever battling its late entry and the suspectness of a West Coast address -- newness coupled with the perception that sunshine vitiates seriousness -- Stanford Law School admitted 435 to make a class of 180 for the class of 1998. For the most p...
  • B: Day-Long Day B: Day-Long Day Day-Long Day It examines the work with regard to its diction, syntax, denotation and connotation, imagery, metaphor and simile, tone, rhyme and meter, allusion, and theme. (8.5 pages; 5 May 2000). Day-Long Day I Introduction Tino Villanuevas Day-Long Day is a remarkable work, for it captures in 34 short lines the anger, frustration, and cruelty of the life of Mexican migrant workers in Texas. The searing heat, the backbreaking and painful work of picking cottonall of it is here in vivid det...
  • L: Aaron Grimmett L: Aaron Grimmett Aaron Grimmett Carter Goodwin Woodson December19, 1875 to April 3,1950 Teacher One of the most inspiring and instructive stories in black history is the story of how Carter G. Woodson, the father of black history, saved himself. The skeletal facts of his personal struggle for light and of his rise from the coalmines of West Virginia to the summit of academic achievement are great in and of them and can be briefly stated. At 17, the young man who was called by history to reveal black history was ...
  • E: None_Provided E: None_Provided None_Provided The social problem of drug and alcohol abuse is national and indiscriminate who it takes victims. The social problems of alcohol and drug abuse have existed for centuries and no cure has been found. Alcohol and drugs have been used and abused by some of the most influential people of the world. The founder of modern psychology, Sigmend Freud used Cocaine as did the great detective Shrelock Holms. Throughout history drugs of all sorts have went from one extreme to the next, heroin u...
  • A: Fuure A: Fuure fuure I have no idea why future generations chose me as their messenger on that sunny Friday morning in Kyoto, as I wandered in the lovely gardens beside the conference center, surrounded by colorful autumn hills. Maybe they had noticed my deep commitment to future generations in my papers and in my book, Crucial Questions About the Future. Maybe they knew how strongly that commitment was influencing my teaching at the University of Toronto. Maybe they were pleased that I had helped organize the...
  • K: Child Labor K: Child Labor Child Labor Child labor was and is still an existing practice in the world today. Manuel, a five-year old worked at a seafood cannery in Biloxi, Mississippi, with a shrimp pail in each hand and a mountain of oyster shells behind his back. He is typical for thousands of working children in the years before the civil war, especially the turn of the century. America's army of child laborers had been growing steadily for the past century. The nation's economy was expanding. Factories, minds and mill...
  •  : A tree grows in brooklyn : A tree grows in brooklyn A tree grows in brooklyn A person who pulls himself up from a low environment via the boot-strap route has two choices. Having risen above his environment, he can forget it; or, he can rise above it and never forget it and keep compassion in his heart for those has left behind him in the cruel up climb. (pg 129) Betty Smith\'s novel A Tree Grows In Brooklyn is a tale of poignant family relationships and childhood and also of grim privation. The story revolves around the protagonist of the stor...
  • F: Elements Of The Argument: what Is Poverty? F: Elements Of The Argument: what Is Poverty? Elements Of The Argument: what Is Poverty? Elements of the Argument: What is Poverty? Steve Ross Expository Writing Dr. Nancy Nester Final 10/25/96 What do you consider poverty to be? Do you have a definitive explanation of it or do you consider it an abstract circumstance? In the article What is Poverty? , Jo Goodwin Parker gives her ideas on what poverty is. First given as a speech, this article is written as an attack on human emotion. Her use of connotative language creates many harsh imag...
  • U: The Sky Is Gray U: The Sky Is Gray The Sky Is Gray The title of the story The Sky is Gray by Ernest Gaines is ironic. It suggests at first the bleak mood of the story but also hints at hope in the future. Just as the clouds clear after a storm, James finds out on his trip to Bayonne that the stormy clouds that are his life are parting to let some sunshine through. Throughout the whole story, a very bleak mood is portrayed. The setting contributes to this gloominess. For example, the weather is awful. James, seeing how cold ...
  • T: Welfare Reform Vs. Employment T: Welfare Reform Vs. Employment Welfare Reform Vs. Employment Welfare Reform vs. Employment: A Permanent Solution or a Temporary Band-Aid? Welfare: handouts to the lazy, or a helping hand to those facing hard times? The debate continues, even in the face of sweeping welfare reform, which, for all of its sound and fury, has not helped or changed much. What\'s wrong with welfare and how can we fix it? This is not a simple question, and there is no simple answer. However, one thing remains eminently clear. Welfare desperately nee...
  • U: Comparing the handmaids tale and 1984 U: Comparing the handmaids tale and 1984 comparing the handmaids tale and 1984 War Is Peace. Freedom Is Slavery. Ignorance Is Strength. The party slogan of Ingsoc illustrates the sense of contradiction which characterizes the novel 1984. That the book was taken by many as a condemnation of socialism would have troubled Orwell greatly, had he lived to see the aftermath of his work. 1984 was a warning against totalitarianism and state sponsored brutality driven by excess technology. Socialist idealism in 1984 had turned to a total loss o...
  • R: Combating Social Inequalities through Education R: Combating Social Inequalities through Education Combating Social Inequalities through Education Education is, no doubt, valuable in its own right, but it also is enabling in the sense that it serves (however imperfectly) as the gateway for obtaining other social goods, such as desirable employment, adequate income, and political power (Howe, 34). Only through education does one achieve a social standing as a participating citizen entitled to the benefits of equal rights and say in life. Through education does one uplift one self from povert...
  • E: The Time Machine E: The Time Machine The Time Machine Time traveling, a concept known to modern man as inconceivable, but in The Time Machine, by H.G. Wells, this fathom of human fantasy has come to life. Wells entangles a unique blend of contrasting characters, conflicts of capitalist verses laborer divisions, and foreshadowing of the destruction of humanity to seem together this novel of visionary proportions. The Time Machine is a bleak and sober vision of mans place in the Universe.(McConnell Pg.1581) Wells use of character...
  •  : Welfare Reform : Welfare Reform Welfare Reform Welfare Reform: A Permanent Solution or a Temporary Band-Aid? Welfare: handouts to the lazy, or a helping hand to those facing hard times? The debate continues, even in the face of sweeping welfare reform, which, for all of its sound and fury, has not helped or changed much. What\'s wrong with welfare and how can we fix it? This is not a simple question, and there is no simple answer. However, one thing remains eminently clear. Welfare desperately needs to change. But where are we...
  • F: Vocabulary Since 1999/2/20 Written by Baker A Bedl F: Vocabulary Since 1999/2/20 Written by Baker A Bedl Vocabulary Since 1999/2/20 Written by Baker A Bedlamite. . ??????????????????????20000,?6????.??????????? . ?????????,????6??.????????????? . Reading.doc ??????? . Talking.doc ????????? . ????4?,??????????????. . ??CCIE ?? Ph.D Majored in Networking System, I swear. . My Buddha almighty! Vocabulary Fundamental 1000 Vocabulary Foundamental.doc Vocabulary 5000 See Directory: Crack English for graduated Students english for guraduate student\ Vocabulary 10000 Lesson 1 A monument was built to commem...
  • O: Prostitution: The Uncontrollable Vice O: Prostitution: The Uncontrollable Vice Prostitution: The Uncontrollable Vice There are women who search for love, and there are those that search for money. Today, the term woman simply denotes one\'s sex. It does not define her character, morals and values, or even her profession. However, this was not always the case. At the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century, during the Progressive Era, there was a drive for reform. Various social problems became targets for investigation and intervention: child...
  • R: Sin Taxes R: Sin Taxes Sin Taxes The squeeze is on. Demand for government to decrease it\'s reliance on sales, property, and income taxes as sources of revenue is continuing to rise, leaving policy makers scrambling for new, less painful sources of revenue. Also going up are the costs of providing public services, entitlement programs, and conducting the other various functions of government. This upward spiral requires that they simultaneously look for better, cheaper, and more effective spending strategies. It is no...
  •  : Russia : Russia Russia The main problem in Russia is lack of a non-corrupt government. It is impossible to run any country, poor or rich, crime or no crime, healthcare or no healthcare, economy or no economy, without some sort of government. Russia needs assistance in the form of socialist diplomatic support, advice, and very carefully monitored loans. There is no question of producing a Marshall Plan for Russia of the sort that the United States pioneered after World War II, but Russia needs to make that plan,...