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polish language Roots of AntiSemitism




After learning about the Holocaust, I’ve asked myself many times how this could have happened.  Why would anyone believe it’s acceptable to massacre an entire people?  This is my reasoning for writing my paper on how Christian theology influenced anti-Semitism.  Much of the Holocaust appears to have it’s beginning with Christian theology.  I will begin my paper with the early writings of Christians and continue chronologically until after World War II.
The Apostle Paul was one the first people to criticize the Jewish people. At first, he tried to explain to the Christians not to adopt a superior attitude towards the Jews.
IF THE PART OF THE DOUGH OFFERED AS FIRST FRUITS IS HOLY, THEN THE WHOLE BRANCH IS HOLY; AND IF THE ROOT IS HOLY, THEN THE BRANCHES ARE ALSO HOLY…DO NOT BOAST OVER THE BRANCHES.  IF YOU DO BOAST, REMEMBER THAT IT IS NOT YOU THAT SUPPORT THE ROOT, BUT THE ROOT SUPPORTS YOU.
At one point this appeared to be Paul’s feeling towards the Jews and the Christians.  His sentiment appeared to change, according to Christian suppressionists.  In the text Romans, many of Paul’s statements were misinterpreted by those Christians to make themselves appear more superior to the Jewish people.
…INCLUDING US WHOM HE HAS CALLED, NOT FROM THE JEWS ONLY BUT ALSO FROM THE GENTILES?  AS INDEED HE SAYS IN HOSEA, "THOSE WHO WERE NOT MY PEOPLE I WILL CALL ‘MY PEOPLE,’ AND HER WHO WAS NOT BELOVED I WILL CALL ‘BELOVED.’"  "AND IN THE VERY PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO THEM, ‘YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE,’ THERE THEY SHALL BE CALLED CHILDREN OF THE LIVING GOD,"
…GENTILES, WHO DID NOT STRIVE FOR RIGHTEOUSNESS, HAVE ATTAINED IT, THAT IS, RIGHTEOUSNESS THROUGH FAITH; BUT ISRAEL, WHO DID STRIVE FOR THE RIGHTEOUSNESS THAT IS BASED ON THE LAW, DID NOT SUCCEED IN FULFILLING THAT LAW… [ROMANS 9]
 "In proclaiming his Christian message Paul stressed that the Jewish nation had been rejected by God, and the new Covenant had superseded the old," said David Cohn-Sherbok, in his book The Crucified Jew.  "In these ways the New Testament laid the foundations for later Christian hostility to the Jewish nation…and served as the basis for the early Church’s vilification of the Jews." (Cohn-Sherbok)
Another early Christian writing which may have encouraged Jewish hatred is the Gospels of John.  Scholars believe John wanted to gain favor with the Roman Hierarchy.  Therefore, he emphasized the Jewish involvement in the death of Christ and minimized the Roman role.  "The Gospel of John contains some of the most hostile anti-Jewish statement in the Christian scriptures.  So sharp is the contrast in that gospel between Jesus’ exhortations to his followers to love one another and the hostile references to the Jews…John is ‘a gospel of Christian love and Jew hatred.’" (Charlesworth)
Some examples of John’s apparent sentiments towards the Jewish people include the following.
…THE JEWS REPLIED…[JOHN 18:31]
…MY FOLLOWERS WOULD BE FIGHTING TO KEEP ME FROM BEING HANDED OVER TO THE JEWS…  
…HE WENT OUT TO THE JEWS AGAIN…[JOHN 18:38]
…THE JEWS ANSWERED HIM, "WE HAVE A LAW, AND ACCORDING TO THAT LAW HE OUGHT TO DIE BECAUSE HE HAS CLAIMED TO BE THE SON OF GOD." [JOHN 19:7]
…THE JEWS CRIED OUT, "IF YOU RELEASE THIS MAN, YOU ARE NO FRIEND OF THE EMPEROR…"  
…HE SAID TO THE JEWS, "HERE IS YOUR KING!"  THEY CRIED OUT, "AWAY WITH HIM!  AWAY WITH HIM!  CRUCIFY HIM!…"[JOHN 19:14]
Many scholars believe the Jews and Christians were still worshipping together around the middle of the first century.  They discussed and acknowledged their differences, like a family fight.  Yet, towards the end of the first century their relationships deteriorated.  After the destruction of the second Temple in 70 CE, the Gentiles appeared to break away from the Jews.  Jewish leaders who remained faithful to the Mosaic Law, began excommunicating Christian Jews under Nero’s leadership, ending decades of relatively peaceful coexistence and shared worship. (Hauer)
The presumed superiority of Christianity started to influence Christian teachings.  The ‘Letters of Barnabas’ (late first century or early second) repeatedly proclaims this belief:  I found many passages in his letter regarding superiority.
"…HEAPING UP YOUR SINS AND SAYING THAT THE COVENANT IS BOTH THEIRS AND OUR.  IT IS OURS:  BUT IN THIS WAY DID THEY ... more

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The United States, The Melting Pot

The United States has Changed from a Melting Pot to a Vast Culture with Varying Racial Backgrounds.

The United States,  created by blending or melting many cultures together into one common
man,  known as an American.  Modern communication and transportation accelerate mass migrations from
one continent . . . to the United States  (Schlesinger 21).  Ethnic and racial diversity was bound to happen
in the American society.  As immigration began to explode,  . . . a cult of  ethnicity erupted both between
non Anglo whites and among nonwhite minorities.  (22).  
Until recently,  the only country who has made a multiethnic society work,  was the United States.  
Hector St. John de Crevecoeur said,  in America . . . individuals of all nations are melted into a new race of
men. Is this still true?   The creation of the U.S.  . . . was not to preserve old cultures but to forge a new,  
American culture."  (Schlesinger 22).
In the 20th century,  the melting pot is not working,  and the whole idea is under attack (Evans
76).  The United States has changed from a melting pot to a vast culture with varying backgrounds.  In
years before,  America was a collection of Chinese,  Germans,  Italians,  Scots,  Croats,  etc.,  all craving
freedom.  Today,  even the simple concept of an English-speaking nation is fading off the continent.  In the
old days, immigrants were taught in English in the public schools. (76).  In America today,  children are
taught in German,  Italian,  Polish,  and 108 other languages.  Most of these schools are funded by 139
million federal dollars.
Until recently,   emigrants in the United States longed for admittance in society's mainstream.  
Now these groups demand separation from society,  to be able to preserve and conserve their customs and
languages.  The biggest problem with this demand,  is whatever accommodation takes place,  must be done
and accepted by the receiving society  (Chavez  60).
The increasing accommodations directed toward immigrant culture worries many Americans.  
Americans fear the special treatment granted to immigrants will effect the unifying force of the country.  
Today,  the trend is toward multiculturalism,  diversity and adapting the newcomer,  rather than on the
newcomer adapting himself or herself to . . . a diverse society (61).  
Many Americans believe the nation has lost control of its boundaries.  Concerned if
immigration continues, the U.S. economy will suffer,  and that employment will be scarce.  Immigrants . .
.are flooding the welfare rolls and are heavily involved in crime.(Morganthau 18).  The increase number of
U. S. immigrants does effect the number of jobs available.  The problem is, immigrants are either highly
qualified ( take American jobs) or are less than skilled in any field (increase welfare).  The view on
immigration today is one of a drag on the economy,  instead of
a lift (18).
In 1995, new immigration laws transfigure the American society.  As a result, races group together
to defend their customs.  The current immigration problem also increases the racial tension facing America
today.  One result of racism in the United States is hate groups and gangs.  Both  have only one thing in
common--violence!  The very use of the term of color - which embraces blacks,  . . .   Asians,  Native
Americans and Hispanics,  . . . many whom are ethnically white - implies that these disparate groups are
bonded simply by not being of Northern European descent. (Henry III 73).  One example of these hate
groups is the Ku Klux Klan, known for their hatred toward African Americans, Catholics, and Jews.  
The growing diversity of the American population makes the popularity of multiculturalism and
Political Correctness explode.  The main function of this craze is to raise minority self-esteem.  Viewed
by some,  the obstacle this creates is not for the better.  Multiculturalism helps unite groups and separates
them from the rest of the country.  . . .Civil liberties and human rights -- is portrayed as the root of all evil .
. . (Schlesinger 3).  A positive approach would have Americans stop seeing themselves as members of
primarily one ethnic group,  gaining their total identity from that group.   White or black,  Hispanic or
Asian,  they must envision themselves simply as Americans.  



















Works Cited

Brookhiser,  Richard.  The Melting Pot is ... more

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