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pirates The Geology of The Massif Montgris

The Geology of The Massif Montgris


Declaration

This report entitled "The Geology of the Massif Montgris" was composed by me and
is based in my own work.  Where the work of others has been used, it is fully
acknowledged in the text and in captions to tables and illustrations.

Signed   .

Date  ..

Chapter 1.0

Abstract

This is a study of the Massif Montgris, it is based on evidence gathered in the
field over 21 days of field work.  To supplement this data I have looked at
papers and works by previous visitors to the Montgris.  The units within the
area are from the Upper Cretaceous the Tertiary and the Quaternary.  I aim to
give an overall guide to the geology on a smaller scale than has previously been
accomplished. This study is mainly aimed at correctly dating the units of
limestone using micropalaeontological data.  The micropalaeontological data has
also given light into the palaeoenvironment/geography during deposition.

Chapter 2

Introduction

2.0.1 Introduction

Between the  24th  of June and the 24th of July 1995 Glen Burnham and I ventured
to Catalunya.  More precisely to Torroella de Montgris.  Torroella is in the
North East of Spain, just inland of the Mediterranean sea.  This remarkable old
town lies at the foot of the rather imposing Massif Montgris.

Locally known as "El Montgris" (literally the grey Mountain) the massif rises up
over the town and dominates the skyline.  Torroella sits on quaternary
conglomerate deposits.  These are easily eroded, hence the valley between Pals
(10Km to the south) and Torroella is extremely flat.  The valley is bisected by
the river El Ter, which flows at a leisurely pace from the foothills of the
Pyrenees.  The river flows to the south of Torroella and winds it's way to its
conclusion in the Playa de Pals (6Km east of Torroella).

El Montgris has been known to humans since prehistoric times.  It has some large
caves on its slopes that  served as a shelter to prehistoric man.  The area was
very popular with the Romans who cultivated the local area, built roads and
towns (many of which still stand to this day) such as Peretelada to the south
adjacent to Pals.

Since the time of the Romans Torroella has grown into a thriving market town.
It has always had close links with the Montgris which until recently still
served a purpose as a shelter, not , however, against the elements but against
Pirates and marauders from the sea.  In fact, on top of the Muntanya Santa
Catherina stands the remains of a thirteenth century castle (the last castle
ever built in Spain).

El Montgris has provided for  the local commerce  since it was first settled.
The local people value the Mountains greatly and still use them today.  The rock
from which our dwelling was made was quarried from the mountain, the castle rock
was quarried on the mountain.

2.0.2 Aims of Study.

When I first considered the Montgris as a project area I realised that
information would be sparse and that the project would be more complicated than
a similar project in the U.K because the environment is so very different and
resources would be a great deal more difficult to access (due to the language
barrier).  I also realised the project would probably be very different to the
proposal.

Before Glen and I left England we attempted to research the Massif Montgris
through the usual channels in order to get an idea of what we would be facing.
The research lead to a few vague leads, we new the rock was sedimentary and most
likely limestone.  Having visited the area previously I could recall a little
about the rocks but was certain of their sedimentary nature.

Our first lead came from an unexpected source.  My parents had vacationed in the
area and upon my request had asked locally about any information pertaining to
the Geology.  The result was that they brought back a research map that dated
the Massif as Cretaceous but suggested it was composed of 1 massive bed.  We
loosely agreed our study areas and arranged our projects accordingly.  The local
guide books and map had supplied us with information about the palaeontology
(macro fossils) which suggested the rock was full of bivalves, brachiopods,
corals and belemnites.

Before leaving we were unable to unearth much more information BUT seemingly at
the last minute we were able to make contact with Dr. David Brusi from the
Universidad de Gerona(departament del geophysica) who reassured us that upon our
arrival in Spain he would brief us on geology of El Montgris.

Therefore, with very ... more

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shakespeare1




                                                                                                                     Sidorowicz-2
and by agreeing or disagreeing with those opinions I will prove that he was acting in very
logic way, and his decisions and actions were very deliberate.
If Shakespeare had not given us the complex psychological state of Hamlet, then
one could conclude that Hamlet was really insane (electric library), but Shakespeare did.
He made sure that there was an explanation and, or logical reason for all his actions.
Hamlet proves to be in complete control of his psyche in several parts of the play.
First, the fact that Hamlet acts irrationally only in front of certain individuals
shows that he is only acting. He acts insane in front of Polonius, Claudius, Gertrude and
Ophelia; while remaining perfectly normal in front of Horatio, Marcellus, the players and
the gravedigger. “I am but mad north-north-west: when the wind is southerly I know a
hawk from a handsaw”(Guth, hamlet, p. 820, v.35-37). This is the classic example of the
“wild and whirling words” (Guth, hamlet, p808, v.90) with which Hamlet hopes to
persuade people to believe that he is mad. These words, however, prove that beneath his
emotional disposition, caused by his father’s death and very fast remarriage of his
mother, Hamlet is very sane. Our hero is saying that he knows a hunting hawk from a
hunted “handsaw” or heron in other words, that, very far from being mad, he is perfectly
capable of recognizing his enemies. His imagery involving points of the compass, the
weather, and hunting birds, he is announcing that he is precisely and calculatedly
choosing the time when to appear mad.
Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” is based on the legend of fabled Danish Prince Amleth,
who feigned insanity to veil a plot of revenge against his uncle for his father’s murder.
                                                                                                                      Sidorowicz-3
Set down by Saxo Grammaticus at the end of the twelfth century in the Historiae
Danicae, the legend included two parts, however, we have no evidence that Shakespeare
came into contact with either of these versions. The most direct source for his drama
seems to have been another play of around 1588 know as Ur-Hamlet, which was based on
Belleforest's, one of these versions, but is now lost (Watts, p.2).
In Saxo version of the tale, Amleth not only killed the eavesdropper (the Polonius
character in Hamlet) but also cut his body into morsels, he seethed it in boiling water, and
flung it through the mouth of the swine to eat (Watts, p.5).
In contrast, Shakespeare’s Hamlet feels remorse after the murder of Polonius:
“I do repent; but heaven hath pleas'd it so, to punish me with this, and this with me, that I
must be their scourge and minister.” (Guth, Hamlet, 3.4. v.175-178, p.851).
Hamlet’s speech reflects the more Christian viewpoint of Shakespeare’s time, but
also tells us that he is not a coward, like some critics say. Fact that he actually kills
Polonius (being sure that he is killing Claudius) proves that he does not suffer from any
weakness of will or inability to act, that he has the ability to think clearly, and that he
does not suffer from any mental disorder. Moreover, E. E. Stoll said: “The delay
functions in Hamlet as it had from the Greeks on, as part of the epical tradition; it does
not reflect upon the defects of the hero, but makes the deed momentous when it comes at
the end of the play.” (Weitz, Hamlet, p.50)
Hamlet has really strong character, which we can also witness in the very
democratic and human way he treats Horatio and the players. His hesitation is not a result
                                                                                                                       Sidorowicz-4
of cowardice, but a result of evil nature of the society in which he lives. “Hamlet himself
is a moral man in an immoral world, a sensitive man in a cruel society, society which
accepts the concept of revenge as perfectly moral. (Aichinger, criticism, Vol. 35). This
social roles tell him to take revenge, but the socially created urges to revenge, force him
to do something against his real nature. Hamlet’s rejection of the moral standards of his  
society is crystallized by his father’s death, his loss of the election to the throne,
Gertrude’s casual acceptance of her husband’s death, and her hasty marriage. These
events serve to heighten his awareness of the ... more

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