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Genetically Altered Food
Genetic modification of organisms in general is a biotechnological process that
forces genes to behave according to certain characteristics. Changing
characteristics of organisms is based on changing their DNA (tech
deoxyribonucleic acid; the acid which carries genetic information in a cell). It
is being used for modifying genes in plants, animals or micro-organisms. It is
being also used especially with food in order to improve the nutritious quality,
make less use of chemicals such as pesticides, which proved to be extremely
harmful, and sometimes to add flavour. Genetically modified food (GMF) is
considered one of the modern production improvements and the largest food
experiments in the worlds history. However, it is very vital to dispel
misconception about the nature of food. GMF is a mixed blessing which has a lot
of benefits but at the same time may arouse problems. It has many good aspects,
such as making plants ripen faster, improving the species taste and look, and
providing Third World countries with healthier and cheaper food. Genetic
modification of food has won the admiration of a lot of people, including
myself, because of its new and attractive accomplishments, but at the same time
we should take into consideration its disadvantages and try to find ways to
avoid them. Genetically modified foodstuffs have several disadvantages which I
believe are possibly avoidable through research and experiments. Most of the
time, the sale of GMFs is being permitted without posing the risks and without
informing the public with the possible danger. This of course is a violation of
human rights which can Nagi2 easily be avoided by simply informing consumers of
the characteristics of the product. When genetic engineers insert new genes into
any organism, it can lead to disruption and unpredictable changes in the pattern
and structure of the new genetic function. "In fact, the process of
inserting genes is quite random and can damage normal genes " (Genetic
Engineered Food - A Serious Health Risk 3). Therefore, harmful substances may
appear unexpectedly and can possibly create viruses and new dangerous diseases.
Therefore, it is the obligation of experts to examine GM products before making
them available to the public in order to avoid undesirable diseases. A common
example is, when some people who are allergic to certain kinds of food such as
fish eat genetically modified products such as tomatoes which were injected with
genes similar to these fish, they get easily affected by allergens. Also, GMFs
might contain toxins, which may negatively affect human beings. An experiment
run on rats by feeding them with GM potatoes affected their digestive tracks
caused changes in some of their organ weights and caused adverse effects on
their immune system(south pacific consumer protection programme1). Such
experiments show the importance of thoroughly examining GM products and making
sure of their safety on humans. In addition to that, there are long-term effects
with reasons not yet identified. That could also be avoided by further research
and continued experiments. GMF is now entering the market with an increasing
rate. Products include tomatoes, corn, potatoes and soybeans. A main problem is
that the issue of labelling these products is not yet widely used. Most
developed countries have adopted laws Nagi 3 that require product labelling of
ingredients, fats, vitamin, protein and carbohydrate. These nutrition
information provides consumers with a level of awareness and choice. Similarly,
GMF producers are obliged to label their products. They have to provide their
customers with all necessary information about the produce. This is the least
that could be done to preserve the rights of consumers to know and decide for
themselves. Labelling is then one possible choice that could help in avoiding
some of the GMFs dangers. People have the right to know if the food they are
consuming is genetically modified whether it is a matter of health, preference
or just a matter of taste" Surveys consistently find that 85-90 % of
consumers want clear labelling of all genetically engineered foods"(Genetic
Engineered Food- A Serious Health Risk 2). Moreover, it is necessary to label
food if the nutritional content is changed. Take tomatoes for example; they are
a source of Vitamin C, but if through modification they lose this characteristic
(Vitamin C ), consumers definitely have the right to know. The wrong treatment
of GM crops may cause several environmental risks. It was proved that GM crops
are easy to grow in most kinds of soils. They can grow in land that is prone to
drought or erosion in addition to soils with highly salt acid conditions. They
are also capable ... more
Find essay on Other Means Of Research Because
Cigarette smoking amond colleg
"Cigarette smoking has been described as the most important health risks in the United States" (medaccess). That is just one of the many reasons for me to research the topic of cigarette smoking. Smoking is prevalent among people of all ages in this country. However, I focused on the habits of college students only. The main objective of this research is to determine if smoking habits of parents of college students have any influence on the students' decision to smoke or not smoke. There are many questions surrounding for what reasons people smoke. It was interesting to look into the motives for smoking behaviors, especially among my peers. Many people die every year in this country and around the world every year. Maybe after some people read this they will think twice before lighting up their next cigarette. After all, "cigarette smoking is the single most important cause of preventable death in the United States" (smoking). In doing my research, the first thing that must be done is to define "cigarette smoking" and what it actually means to be a "smoker." There is no actual standard set for how much or how often a person smokes to stereotype them with the characteristic of a "smoker." For my purposes and the purposes of this project I have set my own standards to clarify and make my research in general easier to understand. I have recently "quit" smoking and I still occasionally have a cigarette, but still do not consider myself a "smoker." On the other hand, I do not believe someone should have to be a chain smoker to be considered a "smoker." So, for research purposes, I chose an intermediate standard. A "smoker" will be someone who smokes cigarettes at least once a day, with going no longer than two days without having a cigarette. In my belief, smoking on a regular basis constitutes someone as a smoker, even if they smoke only one cigarette per day. In some peoples' eyes, a person has to smoke a pack a day or more to be considered a smoker. I think this is inaccurate, and beside the fact of inaccuracy, if I characterized a smoker as someone who smokes a pack a day I probably would not have gotten any solid information. Information about cigarette smoking is very easily obtainable. However, in all the sources that I have looked into, I have only found one that discusses reasons for smoking being linked to parental smoking habits. The only piece of information I found was in the internet source Bad Effects of Cigarette Smoking on the Body! It states: "people with parents who smoke are more likely to begin smoking than those who have non-smoking parents" (bad effects). So that is with what I have to work. In a way I think this is good because if I was constantly reading about how this is true or not true, some bias may be involved in my research. As long as my research material has been documented in another source I think it will be easily researched. I plan to study behaviors of smokers based on that idea. So what I am left with is a virtually inexhaustible amount of facts associated with smoking cigarettes, some of which I will present. This will be to prove how dangerous cigarette smoking is and maybe to convince some parents that smoking around their children, no matter what their ages, may not be the best idea in the world. The next objective, then, is to provide information on the dangers and consequences of smoking. As most people probably know, cigarette smoking is extremely harmful to your health. In the United States each year "16% of all deaths can be attributed to smoking" and smoking cigarettes is also "the number one cause of death in men" (the facts). Also, "85% of lung cancer (now the leading cause of death among men and women) deaths could be avoided if the individual did not smoke" (Riche). Furthermore, "women who smoke are dying at twice the rate of women who do not smoke" (Riche). And finally, along with cancer, cigarette smoking also contributes to cardiovascular diseases and reproductive difficulties. ... more
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