Marijuana Offenders


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marijuana offenders Marijuana legalization
Pot :  In the Spotlight.





























To Some people, its a relaxing herb, something to temporarily pull the mind from reality.  The aroma is unmistakable, the potency various, and there are roughly sixty five million people smoking it.  Im talking about Cannabis Sativa, the illegal strain of hemp known as marijuana.  This plant provides many medical benefits that far outweigh the side effects.  It has yet to be proven to be addictive or deadly.  Marijuana as it stands right now is an illegal narcotic, but I think the drug, with its physical, psychological, spiritual, but most importantly, medical benefits, should be legalized.
Marijuana is one of the oldest cultivated plants.  (Nahas,1986)  The first people to introduce the potential healing properties of marijuana were the Chinese.  About five thousand years ago, the people of the plains of Central Asia began cultivating the plant for its oil and fiber.  The United States was introduced to marijuana in the 16th century.  It was brought over by the Spanish and British and used for its fiber.  The plants intoxicating properties were only discovered in the late 19th century.  It was used for the production of rope and cloth until the 20th century and now it is widely a drug used preferably for pleasure.
The plants therapeutic potential became known in the Western countries during the nineteenth century.(Abel, 1996)  From 1840 to 1900, more that one hundred articles on cannabis appeared in European and American medical journals, recommending it as an appetite stimulant, muscle relaxant, painkiller, sedative, and for eliminating convulsions.  Since then, marijuana has undergone many tests and thorough analysis for its use as a medical value.
The NIH (National Institute of Health) is one of the many advocates for medicinal marijuana.  They claim that marijuana may be helpful in the alleviation of chemotherapy, to reduce nausea and enable the patients to eat.  The drug also helps in the stimulation of appetite and reduction of the loss of lean muscle mass in AIDS patients.  These AIDS victims also find that the drug also helps with the wasting syndrome that often characterizes the terminal illness.  It has also been proven it can prevent epileptic seizures.(Potter, 1998)  In addition, marijuana aids in the reduction of interlobular fluid pressure in the eyes caused by glaucoma, which can causes serious damage to vision, and in some cases can lead to blindness.  Migraine sufferers have found relief form their headaches, and victims of spinal injuries and  multiple sclerosis reported that marijuana controlled their spasms.(Randall, 1998)
Pro marijuana legalization groups such as the Physicians Association for AIDS Care and the National Lymphoma Foundation argue that marijuana should only be used to treat terminally ill patients. (Mack, 2001)  Among those patients are the AIDS victims who find that marijuana stimulates their appetites so they can fight off dangerous emaciation, and cancer patients for whom the drug alleviates nausea that often accompanies chemotherapy and sometimes makes lifesaving treatment possible.  These lobbying groups also complain that stronger, more dangerous drugs such as morphine and other pain killers are legal to prescribe.  This brings up the ongoing argument:  why not legalize marijuana since it is less expensive, easier to grow, and far less dangerous than other drugs that are used medicinally?
The plant has many other benefits as well.  The fiber of the hemp plant is so strong that it can be used to make thick sturdy rope, clothing, paper, and shoes.  Its seed also contains oil that can be utilized for many things such as varnish.  Recently there was an experimental car that ran ten thousand miles using hemp seed oil for fuel.  In some countries, the seed is used for bird and cattle fee and also in the manufacturing of soaps.  Something else not usually known, it that the seeds can be roasted and eaten.
Marijuana is defined as the mixture of leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant, in the genus Cannabis.(Dudley, 1999)  There are three species: Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis indica, and, Cannabis ruderalis.  The hemp plant now grows wildly around the world and can be cultivated anywhere with a hot season.  There are 421 chemicals in 18 different chemical classes that have been detected in the hemp plant.  It synthesizes at least 61 distinct substances called ... more

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Juvenile Stats On Crime
40% of all residential burglary charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 9% in 1996.
28% of all non-residential burglary charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 5% in 1996.
29% of all Residential Entry charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 18% in 1996.
19% of all Theft charges and 18% of all Receiving Stolen Property charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- down from 22% (Theft) and up from 6% (Receiving) in 1996.
18% of all Auto Theft charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles -- up from 6% in 1996.
16% of all Criminal Conversion charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles.
37% of all Child Molesting charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles.
25% of all Handgun Violation charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles.
12% of all Marijuana Possession charges filed in 1997 were committed by juveniles.


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Secure Detention Costs
The per diem costs to Morgan County of placing juvenile delinquent offenders in the Johnson County Juvenile Detention Facility decreased in 1997, as compared to 1996. According to the weekly detention statistics maintained by the Morgan Superior Court No. 2, the total costs of secure detention of juvenile delinquent offenders in 1997 was approximately $179,900.00 (average cost: $3459.00 per week). By comparison, the total costs of secure detention of juvenile delinquent offenders in 1996 was approximately $214,686.00 (average cost: $4128.00 per week).


Juvenile Probation Supervision Stats
As of January 1, 1997, 154 juvenile delinquency cases were under supervision by the Juvenile Probation officers of Morgan County. During 1997, 302 new probation cases were referred to probation supervision; of that total, 164 Delinquents and Status offenders were placed under formal probation supervision, and 125 Delinquents and Status offenders were placed under informal probation adjustment and supervision. Also during 1997, 246 probation cases were completed and closed. As of December 31, 1997, 210 juvenile delinquency cases were open and under supervision by the Juvenile Probation officers.

Here is a table summarizing Juvenile Delinquency Probation Cases supervisions for 1997: Total Supervisions Pending on 1/1/97  154
Total Supervisions Opened during 1997  302
Formal Probation - Delinquents 101  
Formal Probation - Status Delinquents 63  
Informal Adjustment - Delinquents 54  
Informal Adjustment - Status Delinquents 71  
Transfers in: Intra/Inter State 2  
Supervisions Completed/Closed during 1997  246
Supervisions Pending on 12/31/97  210




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Waiver of Jurisdiction in Juvenile Delinquency Cases to Adult Court
In 1997, 10 juvenile delinquency cases filed with the Morgan Superior Court No. 2 were waived to adult criminal court for disposition (a decrease from 12 cases waived in 1996) under the waiver of jurisdiction provisions of the Indiana Juvenile Code. In addition, and as a result of changes in the juvenile code enacted by the General Assembly, several new classifications of criminal offenses committed by persons under age 18 are now filed directly in adult criminal court.



Total of Juveniles Cases Waived to Adult Court for Trial in Morgan County (1997) 10



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Commitments to I.D.O.C. juvenile facilities
Indiana Department of Correction, Juvenile Correctional Facility Population: Overcrowding in Department of Correction Juvenile Facilities persists; however, the problem is now being addressed by the Indiana General Assembly and the Department of Correction. As of December 8, 1997:

The Logansport Juvenile Intake facility was 133% over capacity (no change from 133% during the same period in 1996) resulting in delays in admitting juvenile offenders to the Department of Correction;
The Indianapolis Juvenile Correctional Facility [for female juveniles] was 16% over capacity (down from 20% during the same period in 1996);
All Department of Correction juvenile facilities, combined, were 1% over capacity (down from 8% during the same period in 1996).
Seven (7) private contract facilities were utilized by the Department of Correction to add bed space and reduce overcrowding in 1997.


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In 1997, 19 juvenile delinquency cases filed resulted in commitment of the juvenile to a Department of Correction juvenile facility (a decrease from 23 cases in 1996). 13 of these cases involved male juvenile offenders (a decrease from 15 cases in 1996), and 6 of these cases involved female juvenile offenders (a decrease from 8 cases in 1996). Words
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