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mackinnon The Myth of the Plague of Sexual Harassment

One of the most talked-about issues of the past few years has been the issue of
sexual harassment, and it supposed prevalence in all workplaces. Pushed to the national
spotlight by the Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas hearings, in which Ms. Hill accused her boss
Justice Thomas of sexual harassment, it has become popular belief that sexual harassment
occurs in all workplaces, and that the vast majority of female office -workers have been
sexually harassed. Feminist groups have taken in upon themselves to interject in many
offices, leading sensitivity training sessions on sexual harassment, and promoting the
cause of those who charge others with sexual harassment. Despite the claims of feminist
groups about merely educating and "sensitizing" people on sexual harassment, the new
state guidelines have only succeeded in trivializing the issue, and are actually very
detrimental to powerful women.
According to a pamphlet by the California Department of Fair Employment and
Housing, one of the legally defined situations of sexual harassment involves such verbal
conduct as "making or using derogatory comments, epithets, slurs, and jokes." While such
examples of speech may be considered offensive or crude behavior, it is not the role of
the federal, state, or county government to legislate what people can say, and where they
can say these things. By adopting verbal comments as part of the state guidelines on
sexual harassment, the state of California is actually encouraging stifling free speech,
which should be considered unconstitutional. If a woman walks in on a conversation
between co-workers in an office, in which sexual jokes and lewd comments are featured,
this does not constitute sexual harassment. Katie Roiphe, author of The Morning After:
Sex, Fear, and Feminism, states it best when she proclaims that  "feminists...seem to have
forgotten childhood's words of wisdom: sticks and stones may break my bones, but names
will never harm me" (101). If a woman or man finds particular speech, jokes, or
comments offensive, they should speak up, and voice their opposition, instead of crying
harassment and calling their lawyer. As renegade feminist professor and society critic
Camille Paglia proclaimed, in her book Vamps and Tramps, "If someone offends you by
speech you must learn to defend yourself by speech...and not beg for outside help to
curtail your opponent's free movement" (51).
"Sexual Harassment is Forbidden by Law" continues its definition of sexual
harassment, by proclaiming that "verbal sexual advances or propositions" are considered
sexual harassment in California. While many people may consider this sexual harassment,
this should be looked at as more about every day, normal behavior being considered
criminal. If one finds another person attractive, regardless of position of power or status, a
proposition is generally issued for a date, dinner, or cocktails.  Asking your secretary out
on a date is not sexual harassment, just as it would not be sexual harassment if the
secretary asked the boss or co-worker out on a date. It should not be considered sexual
harassment unless work-related advancement is denied to whomever refused the date
offer. Author Katie Roiphe contends that a proposition for a date is normal, healthy
behavior between a man and a woman. "To find wanted sexual attention, you have to give
and receive a certain amount of unwanted sexual attention. Clearly, the truth is that if no
one was ever allowed to risk offering unsolicited sexual attention, we would all be
solitary creatures" (Roiphe 87). None of us would exist if no one ever risked unwanted
sexual advances. The criminalization of innocent date propositions is another example of
the trivialization of sexual harassment. By focusing on this type of proposition as typical
of sexual harassment, feminists are demonstrating that their objective is not stamping out
sexual harassment, but stamping out innocent heterosexual behavior.
One final example of the extreme nature of the sexual harassment guidelines is its
characterization of such visual conduct as "leering, making sexual gestures, displaying of
sexually suggestive objects or pictures, cartoons or posters" as sexual harassment. It
astounds me that anyone could support such a Stalinesque proposal. The banning of
sexually suggestive objects or posters is a clear violation of our constitutional rights of
freedom of speech and expression. As Camille Paglia once wrote, "we can never fully
legislate the human psyche" (Vamps and Tramps, 47). Who is to determine what
constitutes leering? This is, as Katie Roiphe wrote, "an ominous, not to mention difficult,
prospect" (91). Our courts will be even more inundated with frivolous claims of sexual
harassment, charging some man walking down the hall ... more

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Pornography -- Sex or Subordination?

Violence and Pornography

In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged
by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young,
beautiful girls.  The man who committed these murders, Ted
Bundy, was later apprehended and executed.  During his
detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally
probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts
hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and
sexual frustrations.  Many theories arose in attempts to
explain the motivational factors behind his murderous
escapades.  However, the strongest and most feasible of
these theories came not from the psychologists, but from
the man himself, as a teenager, my buddies and I would
all sneak around and watch porn.  As I grew older, I
became more and more interested and involved in it,
[pornography] became an obsession.  I got so involved in
it, I wanted to incorporate [porn] into my life, but I
couldnt behave like that and maintain the success I had
worked so hard for.  I generated an alter-ego to fulfill
my fantasies under-cover.  Pornography was a means of
unlocking the evil I had burried inside myself (Leidholdt
47).  Is it possible that pornography is acting as the key
to unlocking the evil in more unstable minds?
According to Edward Donnerstein, a leading researcher
in the pornography field, the relationship between
sexually violent images in the media and subsequent
aggression and . . . callous attitudes towards women is
much stonger statistically than the relationship between
smoking and cancer (Itzin 22).  After considering the
increase in rape and molestation, sexual harassment, and
other sex crimes over the last few decades, and also the
corresponding increase of business in the pornography
industry, the link between violence and pornogrpahy needs
considerable study and examination.  Once the evidence you
will encounter in this paper is evaluated and quantified,
it will be hard not come away with the realization that
habitual use of pornographic material promotes unrealistic
and unattainable desires in men that can leac to violent
behavior toward women.
In order to properly discuss pornography, and be able
to link it to violence, we must first come to a basic and
agreeable understanding of what the word pornography
means.  The term pornogrpahy originates from two greek
words, porne, which means harlot, and graphein, which
means to write (Websters 286).  My belief is that the
combination of the two words was originally meant to
describe, in literature, the sexual escapades of women
deemed to be whores.  As time has passed, this definition
of pornography has grown to include any and all obscene
literature and pictures.  At the present date, the term is
basically a blanket which covers all types of material
such as explicit literature, photography, films, and video
tapes with varying degrees of sexual content.

For Catherine Itzins research purposes pornogrpahy

has been divided into three categories:  The sexually

explicit and violent; the sexually explicit and

nonviolent, but subordinating and dehumanizing; and the

sexually explicit, nonviolent, and nonsubordinating that

is based upon mutuality.  The sexually explicit and

violent is graphic, showing penetration and ejaculation.  

Also, it shows the violent act toward a woman.  The

second example shows the graphic sexual act and climax,

but not a violent act.  This example shows the woman

being dressed is a costume or being talked down to in

order to reduce her to something not human; such as a

body part or just something to have sex with, a body

opening or an orifice.  Not only does erotica show the

entire graphic sexual act, it also depicts an attraction

between two people.  Her research consistently shows

that harmful effects are associated with the first two,

but that the third erotica, is harmless (22).  These

three categories basically exist as tools of discerning

content.  Although sometimes they overlap without a true

distinction, as in when the film is graphic in the

sexual act and also in violence, but shows the act as

being a mutual activity between the people

participating.

In my view, to further divide pornography, it is
possible to break it down into even simpler categories:  
soft and hard core pornography.  Hard core pornography is
a combination of the sexually explicit and violent and the
sexually explicit and nonviolent, but subordinating and
dehumanizing categories, previously discussed.  Soft core
pornography is thought to be harmless and falls into the
category known as erotica; which is the category based
on mutuality.  In hard core pornogrpahy, commonly rated
XXX, you can see graphic depictions of violent sexual
acts usually with a man or group of men, deriving sexual
gratification from the ... more

mackinnon

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  • M: Pornography Debate M: Pornography Debate Pornography Debate Suppose one accepts MacKinnon and Dworkin\'s suggested statutory definition of pornography. How does one who generally accepts MacKinnon and Dworkin\'s views on the pervasively harmful effect of pornography, and who accepts a need for legal redress of the harms perpetrated by pornography, deal with pornographic material? The ordinance proposed by MacKinnon and Dworkin would deal with such material by enacting legislation which gives people adversely affected by the works, whic...
  • A: The Myth of the Plague of Sexual Harassment A: The Myth of the Plague of Sexual Harassment The Myth of the Plague of Sexual Harassment One of the most talked-about issues of the past few years has been the issue of sexual harassment, and it supposed prevalence in all workplaces. Pushed to the national spotlight by the Anita Hill-Clarence Thomas hearings, in which Ms. Hill accused her boss Justice Thomas of sexual harassment, it has become popular belief that sexual harassment occurs in all workplaces, and that the vast majority of female office -workers have been sexually harassed. Fe...
  • C: Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? C: Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? Violence and Pornography In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in at...
  • K: Internet - Cyber Crime is Not Real Crime Argumenta K: Internet - Cyber Crime is Not Real Crime Argumenta Internet - Cyber Crime is Not Real Crime Argumentative Persuasive Essays Cyber Crime is Not Real Crime If a crime doesn't result in actual physical damage or loss, can it be considered a crime? Or is any act that leaves a victim feeling violated a punishable crime? One way to look at the issue is through the approach that yes, cyber rape and other crimes are punishable. This can be argued through the fact that these crimes effect real life and stir up real emotion. It is a punishable violati...
  • I: Marxist Feminism I: Marxist Feminism Marxist Feminism The objective of my paper is to examine the connection between Capitalism and womens both social and economical inequality. Marxist feminism explores this question by laying out an economic theory that shows a correlation between the emergence of capitalism, production and private property and the continued oppression of women. Other theorists argue that this oppression is due to an already existing patriarchal society. Is the exploitation of women in the home through an unfa...
  • N: Is Pornography Good? Exploratory Essays Research P N: Is Pornography Good? Exploratory Essays Research P Is Pornography Good? Exploratory Essays Research Papers Is Pornography Good? Pornography is the theory, Rape is the fact. Robin Morgan, editor of the famous feminist magazine Ms., was quoted as saying this thought provoking statement. This really makes one stop and think. How closely related are pornography and rape, or any violent act for that matter? Many surveys and research studies have been done to answer just that. But the findings have been highly debatable. On one hand, you have people w...
  • N: Pornography and Women Theory N: Pornography and Women Theory Pornography and Women Theory Constitutionally protected speech that is Clearly sexual abuse is discriminating and unconstitutional, therefore, must be restricted speech. Catherine A. MacKinnon, in her book Only Words gives persuading evidence that pornography subordinates women as a group through sexual abuse. She says Protecting pornography means protecting sexual abuse as speech, at the same time that both pornography and its protection have deprived women of speech, especially speech agai...
  • O: Rape Law O: Rape Law Rape Law Only Words, by Catharine MacKinnon is a collection of three essays; each essay argues her claim that sexual words and pictures should be banned instead of Constitutionally protected under the First Amendment as free speech. In her first essay, Defamation and Discrimination, MacKinnon takes the stance that pornography is sex, and should not be treated as speech, but as a sexist act. She claims that pornography is an action, just as, a sign saying White Only is only words, but it i...
  • N: The Case for Capital Punishmen N: The Case for Capital Punishmen The Case for Capital Punishmen Society, in general, agrees that the taking of an innocent life is an unforgivable act, and that the rape of children is particularly heinous. I will argue that all persons convicted of the crime of murder or the rape of a child under ten years of age should be given a manditory death penalty. Capital punishment is not only justifiable but is morally correct and should be the mandatory sentence for such crimes once an individual is found guilty. It would be neither...
  • The Case for Capital Punishmen The Case for Capital Punishmen The Case for Capital Punishmen Society, in general, agrees that the taking of an innocent life is an unforgivable act, and that the rape of children is particularly heinous. I will argue that all persons convicted of the crime of murder or the rape of a child under ten years of age should be given a manditory death penalty. Capital punishment is not only justifiable but is morally correct and should be the mandatory sentence for such crimes once an individual is found guilty. It would be neither...
  • Hipnosys memory Hipnosys memory hipnosys memory (false memory), . , . , . (, ), (, ...
  • Marxist Feminism Marxist Feminism Marxist Feminism The objective of my paper is to examine the connection between Capitalism and womens both social and economical inequality. Marxist feminism explores this question by laying out an economic theory that shows a correlation between the emergence of capitalism, production and private property and the continued oppression of women. Other theorists argue that this oppression is due to an already existing patriarchal society. Is the exploitation of women in the home through an unfair...
  • Hypnosis Hypnosis hypnosis aeooaaa aauau aeeoai aaaa aieo aauoaa aicia ioneeaiaaea, aaoeaoneeu ao-aeii aauoaa aieo ooaon 7 o a 052-310733 uoeo aueiau aaeooaaa aaa aca aoauaei aioeaeei aei auao aaeeoai iaeoa (false memory), aacaou aeeoai aaaa. neoa aa uoaa ueauo iuuiuei aaeooaaa eieueo iauau aeeoai aaaa, aaeooaoioea auo iuaiu ooeea iaeau iaeiu ano. aeeau aaeeoai oiaia iauuoau aoaoa iaaueu ioe eao aaeooaoioea aaua ionei iauea, ioe aaai iioa ionei iauea au aaeooaoioea aoaa. aoaua oia iouei oaaau ai eoa...
  • Porno Porno Porno Suppose one accepts MacKinnon and Dworkin's suggested statutory definition of pornography. How does one who generally accepts MacKinnon and Dworkin's views on the pervasively harmful effect of pornography, and who accepts a need for legal redress of the harms perpetrated by pornography, deal with pornographic material? The ordinance proposed by MacKinnon and Dworkin would deal with such material by enacting legislation which gives people adversely affected by the works, which clearly fit t...
  • None Provided None Provided None Provided As the term suggests, an auteur is an author, someone whose aesthetic sensibilities and impact are most important in the creation of a text. With literary texts, discerning authorship is usually no problem. But with collaborative art forms, such as film, deciding on authorship is much more complicated. Generally speaking, film theorists have concluded that it is the director of a film who is the auteur, the most important creative figure. But auteur theory is concerned with more t...
  • Animal rights Animal rights animal rights Every year an estimated 25-35 million animals are subjected to painful and cruel testing in laboratory experiments. These experiments are performed to better the health of human beings by means of research. Many of these non-human animals are put through tests that you would not wish on your worst enemy. Many wonder if the means justify the ends in these particular experiments. Controversy occurs when there is a perception that the animals being used in the experiments are subjecte...
  • Sexual Harassment Sexual Harassment Sexual Harassment In the current political forum and corporate world, sexual harassment has become a heated issue. The federal courts of the United States have addressed the pressing issue of this violation and are forcing corporations to assume responsibility for the actions of their employees by the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission. In Code 29 of the Code of Federal Regulation, it states that in cases involving employees, An employer may be responsible for the acts of employees, with ...
  • Pornography Pornography Pornography Suppose one accepts MacKinnon and Dworkin\'s suggested statutory definition of pornography. How does one who generally accepts MacKinnon and Dworkin\'s views on the pervasively harmful effect of pornography, and who accepts a need for legal redress of the harms perpetrated by pornography, deal with pornographic material? The ordinance proposed by MacKinnon and Dworkin would deal with such material by enacting legislation which gives people adversely affected by the works, which clear...
  • Pornography Pornography Pornography Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in attempts to exp...
  • Only Words Only Words Only Words Constitutionally protected speech that is Clearly sexual abuse is discriminating and unconstitutional, therefore, must be restricted speech. Catherine A. MacKinnon, in her book Only Words gives persuading evidence that pornography subordinates women as a group through sexual abuse. She says Protecting pornography means protecting sexual abuse as speech, at the same time that both pornography and its protection have deprived women of speech, especially speech against pornography (M...
  • hypnosis hypnosis hypnosis , - 7 052-310733 (false memory), ...
  • Porography Porography Porography By: Joey E-mail: colt@hotmail.com In the late seventies, Our Nation became shocked and outraged by the rape , multilation, and murder of a dozen young beautiful girls.The man who was mainly responsable for these murders, Ted Bundy, who was later apprehended and executed.During his detention in various penitentiaries,he was mentally probed and probbed by phycologist and phychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of violent actions and sexual frustrations.Many theories arose in attempts...
  • Andrea Dworkin Andrea Dworkin Andrea Dworkin Andrea Dworkin Andrea Dworkin has been an influential write, speaker, and activist for over two decades. She claims to be a feminist, and that her ideas are beneficial to women. This paper will show that many of her most popular beliefs are not only detrimental to society, but also not in the best interests of women. In letters from a war zone, Andrea Dworkin presents a collection of speeches and short articles she has composed during her career as a writer and activist. Many of h...
  • Pornography1 Pornography1 pornography1 Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theories arose in attempts to ex...
  • Women and Pornography theory Women and Pornography theory Women and Pornography theory Constitutionally protected speech that is Clearly sexual abuse is discriminating and unconstitutional, therefore, must be restricted speech. Catherine A. MacKinnon, in her book Only Words gives persuading evidence that pornography subordinates women as a group through sexual abuse. She says Protecting pornography means protecting sexual abuse as speech, at the same time that both pornography and its protection have deprived women of speech, especially speech agai...