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lobbying groups Right to Unite

   Sam* and Alex* have been together for two years. Recently, they decided that they would like to buy a house together.   Unfortunately, they are homosexual and are having trouble attaining a loan..  If they were married, as they one day hope to be, there would be no problem getting a home loan .  Marriage is not an option for Sam and Alex in the state where they live. Because they are gay, they are unable to legalize their relationship in 48 of the 50 states.
The issue of gay marriage is a very controversial subject since the late 1970s.  As of 2004, same-sex marriage is not legally recognized in any U.S. state . Recently the development of same sex civil unions include the state of Vermont, which are designed to be similar to marriage. On May 16th   2004, the a backdrop of whoops and cheers and a party spilled onto the streets, gay and lesbian couples here began filling out applications for marriage licenses at 12:01 a.m. on Monday, when Massachussetts became the first state in the country to allow them to marry (Belluck).   In 2004 a few local government officials, most notably the city officials of San Francisco, started issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples despite being in conflict with state laws.
In 1993,  Hawaii and California legalized the marriage of gay individuals, with Vermont not far behind. Proponents of this measure feel that this current movement toward recognition of same sex relationships has been a long time coming. Those who are against gay marriages feel that by allowing gay individuals to marry, the whole concept of marriage would be destroyed.
The multi-disciplinary view of same sex marriages is that the opposition of theses unions hold strong in their belief of the sanctity of marriage as a union between a man and a woman.  The solution to this issue is satisfy both sides the concept of Domestic Partnerships. By offering Domestic Partnerships, homosexual (and unmarried heterosexual couples) will be eligible for all of the same rights, responsibilities and benefits accorded to married heterosexual couples. Also, homosexual couples will be recognized as a legitimate union. This option will please the supporters and the opposers of this issue.
Since 1989, same sex marriages have been legal in Denmark. Researchers
have found that "the divorce rate among Danish homosexuals is only seventeen percent compared to forty-six percent for heterosexuals"(Jones, 22). Psychologists believe that there are several reasons for this. Most homosexuals who are married have been together for several years before the wedding. Unlike heterosexuals, who often are wed months after the relationship begins.  Also, married homosexuals tend to be older when they
tie the knot.
Finally, "Danish gays and lesbians rarely divorce...(because)...only those who are strongly motivated to marry do so, given society's disapproval of overt homosexuality"(Jones, 22). Since the legalization of gay marriages in Hawaii and California are so recent, there are no current studies on the divorce rates among homosexuals in the United States. However, one would believe that Danish statistics in this area would be comparable.
"Marriage, the Supreme Court declared in 1967, is 'one of the basic civil rights of man'...'the freedom to marry is essential to the orderly pursuit of happiness'"(Stoddard, 413). The Supreme Court did not differentiate between a homosexual person and a heterosexual person. It seems that the basic argument against same sex marriages it that, by allowing them, we would be desecrating the holiness of marriage and the traditional family union. "Marriage creates families and promotes social stability. In an increasingly loveless world, those who wish to commit themselves to a relationship founded upon devotion should be encouraged"(Stoddard, 413).
Opponents disagree and feel that same sex marriages are unacceptable. However, they are not looking at the statistics of what family has become in today's world. In the 1990's, the definition of family is no longer a husband, wife and two children. There are so many ways to define family that most people think of family as a group of people who love and care for each other. "Almost 3 million of the country's 93 million households now consist of unmarried couples"(Ames,et.al). Many groups are noticing this movement toward the non-traditional family and are taking steps ... more

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Tobacco


    Canada has one of the world's toughest antismoking campaign.
They have passed laws against tobacco advertising and have used
virtually all of the Presidents proposals against tobacco.
    Now they are saying that if Clinton's proposals do become a
law it won't do much good.
    By 1993 the tobacco taxes in Canada had a pack of cigarettes
up to $5.00 a pack .  Thanks to these measures, Garfield Mahood,
Executive Director of the Toronto based Non-Smokers Rights
Association., said, " Canada has had world precedent-setting
declines in teen smoking."  Between 1979 and 1989, the number of
teens aged 15 to 19 who smoked at least occasionally was halved
to 23%.  In contrast U.S. efforts have been a huge
disappointment.  Some 30% of high school seniors smoked through
the 80's and now there is an alarming increase.
    Clinton's program doesn't include a stiff tax increase and
experts say that is where Canada's progress stemmed from.
    The big disappointment is kids have smoked more since the
Federal and Provincial Governments slashed cigarette taxes in
early 1994 to combat a flood of cheap smokes smuggled in from the
U.S.  A pack of 25 now sells for around $2.50 in Ontario, down
almost 44% from 1993.  Now, a University of Toronto survey found
a third of Junior High School are puffing more.  Moreover the
number of teens smoke occasionally jumped to 27.8% in 1994 from
22% in 1991.
    Clinton's program includes Prohibition of sales to minors.
Canada has found such bans are useless because 59% of Ontario's
smoking minors still bought their smokes from a store.  One of
the bad things about prohibiting tobacco advertising reduced
marketing costs, causing tobacco industries to earn "phenomenal
profits".  At Imperial Tobacco which controls 65% of the Canadian
market, operating profits have doubled since 1988.
    No wonder Clinton's proposal probably won't work.  Kids
don't pay attention to their health.  They do pay attention to
their wallet.  That's why the American Cancer Society and over
100 other health groups are lobbying a $2.00 per-pack tax
increase.  This leads to Canada suggesting Clinton's proposal
could have room for improvement. ... more

lobbying groups

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  • O: Right to Unite O: Right to Unite Right to Unite Sam* and Alex* have been together for two years. Recently, they decided that they would like to buy a house together. Unfortunately, they are homosexual and are having trouble attaining a loan.. If they were married, as they one day hope to be, there would be no problem getting a home loan . Marriage is not an option for Sam and Alex in the state where they live. Because they are gay, they are unable to legalize their relationship in 48 of the 50 states. The issue of gay marriage ...
  • B: Tobacco B: Tobacco Tobacco Canada has one of the world\'s toughest antismoking campaign. They have passed laws against tobacco advertising and have used virtually all of the Presidents proposals against tobacco. Now they are saying that if Clinton\'s proposals do become a law it won\'t do much good. By 1993 the tobacco taxes in Canada had a pack of cigarettes up to $5.00 a pack . Thanks to these measures, Garfield Mahood, Executive Director of the Toronto based Non-Smokers Rights Association., said, Canada has h...
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