Is Ethically And Morally Wrong


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is ethically and morally wrong Peter Singer

Singer, Peter (1946- ), Australian philosopher and bioethicist. Born in Melbourne, Australia, Singer studied at the University of Melbourne and at the University of Oxford, in England. He began his career lecturing ethics at Oxford from 1971 to 1973. He subsequently worked at various universities in North America and Australia. In 1977 he became a professor of philosophy at Monash University, in Melbourne. Singer also became closely associated with the university's Centre for Human Bioethics, which is dedicated to the study of the moral implications of biomedical discoveries. He served as its director from 1987 to 1991 and as its deputy director from 1992. In 1999 he became a professor at Princeton University's Center for Human Values.
Singer is regarded as a rationalist. He supports a philosophical system based on reason rather than on sentiment, self-interest, or social conditioning. He has taken a preference utilitarian approach to the ethical issues involved in embryo experimentation, genetic engineering, surrogate motherhood, abortion, and euthanasia. This approach regards an action as ethically correct if it satisfies the preference of those affected and has the best consequences for the greatest number of people. Singer also rejects the idea that killing is wrong regardless of the circumstances.
Singer has published several books. In Animal Liberation (1975) he proposes that humanity's domination of animals is morally indefensible. His opposition to the mistreatment of animals has been influential in stopping some inhumane testing of animals by large corporations. His other books include Practical Ethics (1979) and How are we to Live? (1993). Singer has donated the royalties from his books to international aid causes and the animal liberation movement. He has given between 10 and 20 percent of his income to the poor, believing that the rich have an ethical duty to help the undeprivileged.



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The Abortion Issue




The History of Abortion in the United States
Abortion is a topic that has been around since the beginning of time.  Each person has their own viewpoints, but the problem is the majority of society has little knowledge about abortion.  Abortion in teens is only increasing every year, since the morality factor seems to apply no longer.  There are many medical hazards that also exist in procedure with an abortion.  Americans feel that it is only the mothers choice whether or not to abort the fetus.          
The legalization of abortions occurred in 1973 after the Roe v. Wade case was won by Roe1 .  Norma McCorrey, Jane Roe, claimed to have been raped and filed a lawsuit against Dallas County District Attorney, Henry Wade, for not allowing Roe to get the abortion that she wanted (Radl 46).  When the case went to trial on January 22, 1973 a seven to three vote allowed Roe to proceed with the abortion ( 46).  Later, after the verdict, Roe stated that she was never raped and only wanted an abortion for her own convenience.  On January 11,1973 Doe v. Bolton and Roe v. Wade cases ultimately stated, that an abortion, even when the unborn is seven, eight, or nine months old (after conception), can be performed for virtually any reason, including the mothers emotional stress caused by her pregnancy as long as it is done by licensed physician,
Before 1973 the American Law Institute (ALI) held three conditions for legal abortions; rape or incest, fetus would be deformed, and womens mental or physical health was in great danger (Radl 33).  Websters Dictionary defines execution as, to put to death in accordance with a legally impose sentence, which murder is defined as, to kill a person unlawfully with a malice, (Bender and Leone 34).  When people ignorantly say that abortion is murder that is an untrue statement because abortion is execution.  No matter what people refer abortion to it as it is still killing a living human fetus.  In Roes case the Supreme Court was blind to all aspects or
moral limitations.  About one million illegal abortions were performed in the United States in
1972 (174).  The number of illegal abortion has increased to twelve million abortions a year.  One woman changed history forever after a simple lie that she told just to save herself from having an unplanned child. If the law of 1959 still existed today with mandatory court cases for each abortion situation the teenagers and the women who do not desire a child would become more careful by using protection and avoiding pregnancy at all costs.
       A childs life begins from the very moment of conception (Radl 90-91).  The right to life of neither the mother or the fetus can take precedence over that of the other (Callahan 439).  The fetus contains the same value as its mother in the Human Life Amendment.  This amendment conflicts with many moral issues since many religions feel that if a mothers life is in danger of dying then the child should be aborted causing the mother to have precedence over the fetus.  The Human Life Amendment also states that abortion under any and all circumstances would be considered murder.  Even to preserve the life of a mother or in the case of rape or incest abortion would be against the law of the land (Radl 90-91).  If the people voted on this amendment it would be thrown out .
There is only a very small number of people who support the passing of the Human Life Amendment.  Only the mothers life should be weighed against the childs. Mostly because the mother has experienced life and the child has not.  In society people consider it cruel to kill a fetus at seven months old, but they consider it moral to kill a fetus at only two months (Mensch and Freeman 44).  There is not the least bit of difference between a two month old fetus; and a seven month old fetus, each is a living human life and has the same exact value.  All embryos are babies and all babies have a right to live. Some people feel that the fourth amendment excludes the protective ... more

is ethically and morally wrong

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