On a darkish wintry weather night time, a ghost walks the ramparts of Elsinore citadel in Denmark. discovered first via a pair of watchmen, then via the student Horatio, the ghost resembles the recently deceased King Hamlet, whose brother Claudius has inherited the throne and married the king’s widow, Queen Gertrude. whilst Horatio and the watchmen convey Prince Hamlet, the son of Gertrude and the dead king, to see the ghost, it speaks to him, asserting ominously that it is certainly his father’s spirit, and that he became murdered by way of none apart from Claudius. Ordering Hamlet to searching for revenge on the person who usurped his throne and married his spouse, the ghost disappears with the dawn.
Prince Hamlet devotes himself to avenging his father’s loss of life, but, due to the fact he's contemplative and considerate by means of nature, he delays, getting into a deep despair and even obvious insanity. Claudius and Gertrude worry approximately the prince’s erratic conduct and try and find out its reason. They appoint a couple of Hamlet’s friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, to watch him. whilst Polonius, the pompous Lord Chamberlain, suggests that Hamlet may be mad with love for his daughter, Ophelia, Claudius consents to undercover agent on Hamlet in communication with the girl. but even though Hamlet virtually seems mad, he does no longer appear to love Ophelia: he orders her to enter a nunnery and declares that he wishes to ban marriages.
A collection of visiting actors involves Elsinore, and Hamlet seizes upon an concept to check his uncle’s guilt. He may have the players carry out a scene intently similar to the collection by means of which Hamlet imagines his uncle to have murdered his father, in order that if Claudius is responsible, he's going to actually react. whilst the instant of the homicide arrives in the theater, Claudius leaps up and leaves the room. Hamlet and Horatio agree that this proves his guilt. Hamlet is going to kill Claudius but unearths him praying. due to the fact that he believes that killing Claudius while in prayer would ship Claudius’s soul to heaven, Hamlet considers that it might be an insufficient revenge and makes a decision to wait. Claudius, now frightened of Hamlet’s insanity and fearing for his own protection, orders that Hamlet be despatched to England at once.
Hamlet is going to confront his mother, in whose bedchamber Polonius has hidden in the back of a tapestry. listening to a noise from in the back of the tapestry, Hamlet believes the king is hiding there. He draws his sword and stabs through the material, killing Polonius. For this crime, he is right away dispatched to England with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. but, Claudius’s plan for Hamlet consists of more than banishment, as he has given Rosencrantz and Guildenstern sealed orders for the King of britain demanding that Hamlet be placed to dying.
Inside the aftermath of her father’s death, Ophelia is going mad with grief and drowns inside the river. Polonius’s son, Laertes, who has been staying in France, returns to Denmark in a rage. Claudius convinces him that Hamlet is guilty for his father’s and sister’s deaths. whilst Horatio and the king get hold of letters from Hamlet indicating that the prince has again to Denmark after pirates attacked his deliver en direction to England, Claudius concocts a plan to apply Laertes’ choice for revenge to comfortable Hamlet’s loss of life. Laertes will fence with Hamlet in harmless recreation, but Claudius will poison Laertes’ blade so that if he draws blood, Hamlet will die. As a backup plan, the king decides to poison a goblet, which he'll supply Hamlet to drink have to Hamlet score the primary or 2d hits of the healthy. Hamlet returns to the region of Elsinore simply as Ophelia’s funeral is taking vicinity. with grief, he attacks Laertes and publicizes that he had in fact always cherished Ophelia. returned at the citadel, he tells Horatio that he believes one should be prepared to die, on account that demise can come at any moment. A foolish courtier named Osric arrives on Claudius’s orders to set up the fencing healthy among Hamlet and Laertes.
The sword-combating begins. Hamlet rankings the primary hit, but declines to drink from the king’s proffered goblet. alternatively, Gertrude takes a drink from it and is unexpectedly killed by way of the poison. Laertes succeeds in wounding Hamlet, although Hamlet does not die of the poison without delay. First, Laertes is reduce by way of his personal sword’s blade, and, after revealing to Hamlet that Claudius is accountable for the queen’s demise, he dies from the blade’s poison. Hamlet then stabs Claudius via with the poisoned sword and forces him to drink down the rest of the poisoned wine. Claudius dies, and Hamlet dies immediately after attaining his revenge.
At this moment, a Norwegian prince named Fortinbras, who has led an army to Denmark and attacked Poland in advance in the play, enters with ambassadors from England, who record that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are useless. Fortinbras is shocked with the aid of the gruesome sight of the entire royal family mendacity sprawled on the ground lifeless. He movements to take energy of the kingdom. Horatio, gratifying Hamlet’s ultimate request, tells him Hamlet’s tragic story. Fortinbras orders that Hamlet be over excited in a way befitting a fallen soldier.