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george g meade Robert E Lee




Lee, Robert E. (Edward) 1807 -- 1870
General in chief of the Confederate armies in the American Civil War. Born in Virginia's Westmoreland County on January 19, 1807, the third son of Henry ("Light Horse Harry") and Ann Hill Carter Lee. Declining fortunes forced the family's removal to Alexandria, where Robert distinguished himself in local schools. His father's death in 1811 increased responsibilities on all the sons; Robert, especially, cared for his invalid mother.
Lee graduated number two in his class from the U.S. Military Academy in 1829. Commissioned a brevet lieutenant of engineers, he spent a few years at Fort Pulaski, Georgia, and Fort Monroe, Virginia. At Fort Monroe on June 30, 1831, he married Mary Ann Randolph Custis, with whom he had seven children. Lee worked in the chief engineer's office in Washington, D.C., from 1834 to 1837. He was transferred to Fort Hamilton, New York, where he remained until 1846.
In August 1846 Lee joined General John E. Wool's army in Texas. In the battle of Buena Vista, Lee's boldness drew his superiors' attention. Transferred to General Winfield Scott's Veracruz expedition, in the battle at Veracruz and in the advance on Mexico he won additional acclaim. Following American occupation of the Mexican capital, he worked on maps for possible future campaigns. Already a captain in the regular service, he was made brevet colonel for his gallantry in the war. Lee returned to engineer duty at Baltimore's Fort Carroll until 1852, when he reluctantly became superintendent of the Military Academy at West Point. In 1855 he was made lieutenant colonel of the 2nd Cavalry, one of the Army's elite units.
The years 1857-1859 were bleak. Lee had to take several furloughs to deal with family business and seriously thought of resigning his commission. However, in 1859 he and his men successfully put down John Brown's insurrection at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. In 1860 he became commander of the Department of Texas.
Talk of secession in the South grew strident during Lee's Texas sojourn. No secessionist, he was loyal to the Union and the U.S. Army; yet he had no doubts about his loyalties if Virginia departed the Union. Ties of blood bound him to the South. Lee accepted a commission as colonel of the 1st U.S. Cavalry in March 1861. But offered command of the entire U.S. Army a month later, he hesitated. If he accepted, he might have to lead the Federal Army against Southern states and, if Virginia seceded, he might have to lead troops across its borders. He could do neither. Painfully, Lee resigned his army commission in April 1861.
Appointed commander of Virginia forces, Lee devoted himself to building an effective state army. He was so efficient that the new president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, asked him to become a full general in the Confederate Army and serve as presidential military adviser. The Confederate Senate confirmed this appointment.
A bad brush with field command in western Virginia-in a campaign marked by military rivalries, lack of supplies, wretched weather, and overly ambitious strategy on Lee's part-tarnished the new general's reputation. Davis still regarded him highly and sent him to organize southern Atlantic coastal defenses. Lee pursued this task efficiently until recalled to the Confederate capital, Richmond. In his role as presidential adviser, he tried to smooth the abrasive personalities of Davis and General Joseph E. Johnston and to utilize the daring of General Stonewall Jackson to frustrate Federal plans for sending aid to General George B. McClellan's army, which was approaching Richmond.
When Johnston was wounded in May 1862, Davis gave Lee command of Johnston's army. Lee renamed his force the "Army of Northern Virginia." The new commander looked the part: 5 feet 10 1/2 inches tall, robust at 170 pounds, Lee had graceful, almost classic features. He attracted men and women alike, was easy in manner, courteous and kind as a friend, and was a loving husband and father.
Though Lee's was the largest Confederate army in the field, it was outnumbered almost three to two by McClellan's Federal Army of the Potomac, which was preparing for siege operations on Richmond. While Lee struggled to fortify Richmond, he and Jackson planned a daring ... more

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social studies

George Meade

Do you know who was the general for the Second Battle of Bull Run? Everyone knows
what the Second Battle of Bull Run is but who was the general? Some people even know
that the North won that battle. Most people do not know that General George Meade
defeated General Lee at that battle. General George Mead accomplished much during
wartime.

General George Meade had many accomplishments during wartime. First of all, he
defeated General Lee at the Second Battle of Bull Run. Why would not General Meade
crush General Lee at this battle and end the war there? Facts say that heavy fog and rain
forced Meade to stop. Likewise, on June 1, !863 a surprise encounter forced his troops
into the Battle of Gettysburg, the greatest battle on American soil. This battle came about
when General Lee's army needed shoes. The two forces met here on accident and fought to
a victory for the North. Lee acknowledged his defeat and retreated to Virginia. Not only
did Meade serve in the Civil War, but also served in the Mexican War. He served in the
battles of Palo Alto, Monterey, and Veracruz. During these he served under General

Zachory Taylor. To sum up, General George Meade accomplished many things during his
time at war.

Each of General George Meade's accomplishments had one major effect on how
life is today. To start, if Meade had not defeated Lee at the Second Battle of Bull Run the
war would not have started off positively for the North. This was important because the
soldiers gained their confidence when they won this battle. If the North would have lost
the entire war the U.S. would be two different countries. Secondly, Meade's defeat of Lee
at the accidental Gettysburg. This was a battle that turned the war around and gave the

North the advantage. This was the North's first victory in a long time. Finally, if the U.S.
had not have won the Mexican War, Where Meade served as a soldier, the U.S. would not
have gained the southwest portion of the country. This ,as you remember, was where the
gold rush took place that caused the country to spread out over the land. As has been
shown, Meade's accomplishments had many effects on how life is lived today.

There are many things that would be different if George Meade had never lived.

For one thing, the North might not have won the first battle of the war causing the soldiers
to lose confidence and maybe lose the war. If the South had won the war the U.S. would
be split into two countries right now. Also, if the north did not the greatest battle on

American soil, Gettysburg, it could have been the end of the war right there at Gettysburg.

If the North would have lost the war the U.S. would be two different countries, as was said
earlier. Last, if the U.S. had not won the Mexican War we would have lost some of our
land to Mexico. The U.S. would have also not had the Gold Rush that took place in

California. In conclusion, the country would have been very different if George Meade had
never lived.

General George Meade accomplished much during wartime. Most people do not
know that Meade defeated Lee at the Second Battle of Bull Run . Some people even know
that the North won that battle. Everyone knows what the Second Battle of Bull Run is but
who was the general?

WORKS CITED

Cleaves, Freeman. "Meade, George Gordon." Collier's Encyclopedia. Vol. 15.

1989.

Sefton, James E. "Meade, George Gordon." The World Book Encyclopedia. Vol.

15. 1994.

"Meade, George G." Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia. Version 2.01vw.

Carlsbad,

California: Compton's New Media, 1994. CD-ROM.

"Meade, George Gordon." Encyclopedia Americana. Vol. 18. Danbury,

Connecticut:

Grolier, 1990.

"Meade, George Gordon." Who's Who in American History. Historical Volume.

St. Louis,

Missouri: Van Hoffman Press,1967. ... more

george g meade

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