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geography Christianity Vs Islam

On the surface, Islam and Christianity appear to have very little in common, however, as you get deeper into areas such as rituals, beliefs, ethics, founders, and sacred objects, the two show strong mutual similarities, particularly in the fundamental areas.  In this essay I will compare and contrast  the doctrines that make up the worlds largest and most recognized religions, Christianity and Islam.                                                                        
    The word Islam means "surrender" or "submission," submission to the will of Allah, the one God.  Muslims are those who have submitted themselves.  The basic creed of Islam is brief: Both Muslims and Christians are monotheists, believing in the same god, referred to as "Allah" by the Muslims and "God" by Catholics.  Islam teaches that there is one God, the creator and sustainer of the universe.  This God, Allah, is compassionate and honorable. Because he is compassionate, he calls all people to believe in him and worship him.  Because he is also lawful, on the Last Day He will judge every person according to his deeds.  On the Last Day, all the dead will be resurrected and either rewarded in heaven or punished in hell.  
Christianity parallels the singular view of God.  In the Christian Bible one of the Ten Commandments states that "I am the Lord thy God.....thou shalt have no other gods before me".  Also, identical to Islam, God is considered the creator of the universe, and he is also just.  On the last day, or judgment day, the same holds true within Islam and Christian beliefs, the dead will be resurrected and either rewarded with heaven or punished with hell.  
   




In Islam, God sent prophets to communicate his will. These prophets, all mortal men, were elected messengers to whom God spoke through an angel or by inspiration,  this is identical to Christianity.  Another example of the use of prophets was God sending Moses to free his people out of Egypt. Both Islam and Christianity have practices or duties that are central to the life of there religious community.  Catholics are expected to take part in as many of the Seven Sacraments as possible, while Muslims are expected to practice all of the Five Pillars Of Islam.. In this sense Islam and Christianity are considerably intertwined, appearing to come from the same beginning. Both Islam and Christianity are based primarily on the lives and teachings of men sent by God.  In Christianity, Jesus was the son of God, sent down to earth to spread the word of the Lord to the people, and ultimately die a brutal death so that this people may reach eternal peace in heaven.  Christians praise Jesus' suffering for them as well as for his teachings and for the miracles he performed to assist the needy.  Despite the fact that Islam and Christianity share a mutual God, Muslims do not believe that Jesus was his son; instead they identify Jesus as a prophet.  
Islamics also believe in forgiveness, another basic Christian principle, Islam teaches that God is always ready to pardon the individual and restore him to the sinless state in which he started life.  In Christianity this is called being "born again".
This greatly distinguishes the two religions, as Jesus' relation to God is one of the fundamental beliefs in Christianity.  The Islamic religion is almost based solely on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad, who like Jesus, was a shepherd boy.
Christianity is a religion in which events are claimed to have occurred but which can never be proved. Those who practice it live by different morals than are preached by the holy texts. It is an institution in which holy scripture is contradictory, and wherein the supreme being, by the very definition, cannot exist. Christianity is, therefore, a fundamentally flawed religion. According to the Bible, events have occurred which are even more miraculous than the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Events such as the stopping of the sun by Joshua (Joshua 10:12-14), the reversal of the sun's course by Isaiah (Isaiah 38:7-8). The stopping and reversal of the sun would have been visible worldwide. The idea that people could have witnessed these events without having been amazed by them is, quite simply, ludicrous. Other cultures having witnessed this would ... more

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Boer War

The Boer War was a conflict that lasted from 1899 to 1902 in southern Africa between Great Britain and their allies, Transvaal (South African Republic) and Orange Free State, in what is now South Africa.
Throughout the 19th century, after Great Britain conquered the Cape of Good Hope in 1814 and expanded its territory in Southern Africa, there was tension between the British settlers and the Dutch-descended population which were called Afrikaners or Boers.  This resulted in the Afrikaner migration called the Great Trek, which was from 1835 to 1843, and the establishment of the Afrikaner republics.  These republics were called Natal, Orange Free State, and the South African Republic.  Natal became a British colony in 1843, but the Transvaal territories were granted independence from Great Britain in 1852.  In 1854, Orange Free State also got their independence.  In the late 1850s, the Transvaal territories formed the South African Republic.
In 1884, gold was discovered in the Witwatersrand, which lured thousands of British miners and prospectors to settle in the area.  The Afrikaners, who were mainly farmers, didnt like the newcomers (Uitlanders), so they taxed them and denied them voting rights.  The dislike of one another grew, which lead to a revolt by the Uitlanders in Johannesburg against the Afrikaner government.  This revolt was instigated by the British colonial statesman and financier Cecil Rhodes, the premier of the Cape Colony, who wanted to bring all of Southern Africa into the British Empire.  In December of 1895, Leander Starr Jameson, who was a friend of Rhodes, led a group of 600 armed British men in an attempt to support the Uitlanders in the South African Republic.  This was called the Jameson Raid.  It resulted in Jamesons capture and imprisonment, and in Rhodess resignation.  Jameson later became the premier of the Cape Colony from 1904 to 1908.
Direct negotiations to solve the South African problem were unsuccessful, and hostility between the Afrikaners and the Uitlanders continued.  The president of the South African Republic, Paul Kruger, would not back down from the Uitlanders.  In 1899 the British governor of Cape Colony, Alfred Milner, who strongly disliked the Afrikaners treatment of British subjects, issued orders to build up the 12,000 man British army in Southern Africa.  The British army eventually grew to 500,000 men.  On October 9, 1899, Kruger demanded the removal of all British troops from the Transvaal frontiers within 48 hours.  Their alternative was war.
The South African Republic and the Orange Free Stated made an alliance.  They then declared war on the British on October 12, 1899 because they were uncooperative with Kurgers demands.  The Afrikaner forces were successful in invading Natal and Cape Colony.  In December the British commander in chief Sir Redvers H. Buller sent fresh troops to relieve the British forces in three war zones.  These zones were Colenso, Natal, the hills of Magersfontein on the Orange Free State and Cape Colony borders, and the mountain range of Stormberge in the Cape Colony.  Within a week, which is referred to as the Black Week by the British, each of the new units had been defeated by Afrikaner forces.
On January 10, 1900, the British general Frederick S. Roberts was sent to replace Buller as commander in chief.  However, Buller remained to fight throughout the war.  Early in February, Roberts ordered the British commander John D. P. French north to relieve the city of Kimberley.  Roberts marched northeastward from Cape Colony into the Orange Free State.  Attacked by the Afrikaner general Piet Cronje on February 27, Roberts fought back successfully and forced the surrender of Cronje and his troops.  On March 13, Roberts entered Bloemfontein, which was the capital of the Orange Free State.  Roberts captured Johannesburg on May 31 and Pretoria on June 5.  After they won, President Kruger went to Europe and Roberts returned to England in January 1901 because he thought the war was over.
British satisfaction was short lived.  Boer leaders attacked the British troops using guerrilla warfare.  The fighting continued for the next year and was finally ended through the severe tactics of the new British commander in chief, Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener.  He stopped the enemy by destroying the Afrikaner farms that sheltered the guerrillas.  They placed black African ... more

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