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franny and zooey J.D. Salinger

J.D. Salinger

Jerome David Salinger, known as J.D., is an American short story writer and novelist. He was born on January 1, 1919 and is still alive at the age of 81. J.D. Salinger was born and raised in Manhattan. He went to prep school at Valley Forge Military Academy from 1934-1936. He spent 5 months in Europe when he was 18 or 19 years old. Then, in 1937 and 1938 he studied at Ursinus College and New York University. From 1939 to 1942, he went to Columbia University where he decided to become a writer. Salinger published short story collections and one novel. His best known work, The Catcher in the Rye, was published in 1951. The short stories he wrote were "Nine Stories" in 1953, "Franny and Zooey" in 1961, "Raise High the Roofbeams, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction" in 1963, "Young Folk" in 1940 and "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" in 1948. Many critics have considered J.D. Salinger a very controversial writer because of the subject matters he wrote about. For example Salinger wrote about religion, intellectuals, emotional struggles of adolescents, loneliness and symbolism (Jones).

Some critics feel his writing was inappropriate because of the topics he wrote about. The main characters were considered misfits of society. The characters generally did not fit in with traditional American culture. They could not adjust to the real world. However, Salingers most successful stories are the ones about people who could not adjust. The super-intelligent humans who had to choose between the American culture at that time and the moral world, or choose between the "phony" real world and the morally "pure" world. Salinger creates these misfits, as heroes who do not fit into society. They struggle between the two worlds shallow and moral. The leading characters are on a mission of happiness. At first, Salinger does not lead the characters to material happiness; he has them start out in a bad situation. By the time they make it through the end of the story they have changed for the better. One of these characters that he writes about in this situation is Holden Caufield in The Catcher in the Rye. He starts off in a bad situation because he has just flunked out of his third private boarding school. He finally gives up life on his own in Manhattan and returns home in solitude where he finds happiness. The critics found these situations that the characters were in debatable (Hamilton 113).

In "Franny and Zooey," Franny and Zooey Glass are an example of Salingers misfit characters of the 60s. They are brother and sister who are super-intelligent freaks and cannot deal with society or reality. The controversy comes when they must chose between Salingers two worlds the real or phony. Their older brothers teach them Zen Buddhism and many other religions and philosophies. Salinger uses this religious theme with these two characters to show how they have to deal with their world of religion and how they have to stop using religion to deal with their problems (Green). This religious theme was a controversial one for the author. Salinger often uses religion for comfort. He leads his characters on a journey for happiness through religion. It is a way to free them. Salinger uses much of the Zen philosophy to attain this freedom. The Zen Philosophy was a new sect of Buddhism that came out of China. It promoted Meditation as the way to personal fulfillment ("Zen" 146).

One of Salingers characters in "Nine Stories" has a certain philosophy about life that runs parallel to the Eightfold Path used in the Buddhism religion. The Eightfold Path is one of the four Noble Truths. It is a path to the suppression of suffering and it is made up of eight parts that form the cornerstone of the Buddhist faith. Buddha wanted to be liberated in his life just like the character in Salingers work who eventually achieves nirvana, the ultimate goal of the Buddhist path, by committing suicide. In this way, he lets go of all the suffering and attains happiness. It is a controversial way to view happiness. Religion is a force in the story to create happiness. Many times the ... more

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Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger
J.D. Salinger could be considered one of the greatest, and most contrevertional authors of our time.  We only know limited things about him and his work.  He has been pushed off into the woods due to betrayal by his loved ones, and people close to him.  Negative criticism of his work has also contributed to making him leave.  Not to mention the biggest factor which made him want to be left alone, phoniness.  These are the reasons that I believe why he wants to be left alone and not give interviews, this is also what fuels the press to keep chasing after J.D.
To give a brief biography of what J.D. did up until his name was heard of, heres how it all  started.  In 1934 J.D.s father (Sol) enrolled him in Valley Forge Military Academy (Hamilton 18).  After that in 1937 he went to Vienna and  Poland briefly with his father to learn about the cheese and ham importing business(French 1).  In 1938 he then went to Ursinus College in Pennsylvania where he wrote movie reviews in the college paper(French xiii).  After this he was drafted to the army in 1942, and then discharged in 1945 (French xiii ).  His  first book was then published six years later in 1951 (French xiv).
I think that the most important and interesting factors of Salinger life happened after 1951 with the publishing of Catcher in the Rye.  It wasnt until this point in the writers life that he really started to feel the all the criticism rush in.  This is what I feel, along with all the deception that started to come in convinced him to move to Cornish, New Hampshire only two years after the book was published(CLC 1421).  Everyone wanted to talk to the man who wanted to talk to no one.
Salinger has now lived in Cornish for almost 42 years (CA 1572), and I feel that all the fiction that hes written gives us hints why he lives there, not wanting to be bothered.  In the interview given by Herriges, Salinger tells him Well, I dont know what else I can tell you.  Everything I have to say is in my fiction. (129).  This statement leads me to believe the some of Salingers characters are autobiographical, and there views are actually how he feels towards the world that we live in.
I think that the main thing that is illustrated by his use of putting his feeling in his characters, is his dislike toward phoniness.  In his second published book Franny and Zooey, Franny has a nervous breakdown that is believed to be caused by her not being able to take all of the phoniness around her.  Franny states Im just sick of ego, ego, ego.  My own and everybody elses.  Im sick of everybody that wants to get somewhere, do something distinguished and all, be somebody interesting.  Its disgusting -it is, it is.  I dont care what anybody says(Salinger 29-30).  Along with Franny another one of Salingers characters (probably his most well known) Holden Caulfield has the same set of views.  He also would like to abolish all of the phonies out there.
While reading any work by Salinger I think that he is trying to get you to look beneath just what you see on the surface, past looks, and money.  After the Herriges interview he says that the first two passages that came into his mind where from A Perfect Day for Bananafish, and Zooey (129).  In both of these stories the characters talk of not wanting physical aspects to be looked at.  This is what I believe what Salinger is trying to do, get us to look at a person from the inside, who they really are.  Again, in the Eppes interview he tells her that about why he doesnt give autographs.  He feels that they are meaningless, and that no author with respect gives them out (234).  These are some of the reasons I feel that Salinger retreated to the woods, because these things happening in todays society.  Money and looks are what seem to matter these days.
Again the quote that Salinger gives Herriges about how everything being in his fiction gives us clues ... more

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  • F: Catcher In The Rye F: Catcher In The Rye Catcher In The Rye A novel, which has gained literary recognition worldwide, scrutiny to the point of censorship and has established a following among adolescents, The Catcher in the Rye is in its entirety a unique connotation of the preservation of innocence and the pursuit of compassion. With certain elegance the writer J.D. Salinger, substantiates the growth and perils, which lie between childhood and adulthood. Embellishing the differentiation between innocence and squalor in the grasps of s...
  • R: J.d. Salinger R: J.d. Salinger J.d. Salinger J.D. Salinger #9;Jerome David Salinger, known as J.D., is an American short story writer and novelist. He was born on January 1, 1919 and is still alive at the age of 81. J.D. Salinger was born and raised in Manhattan. He went to prep school at Valley Forge Military Academy from 1934-1936. He spent 5 months in Europe when he was 18 or 19 years old. Then, in 1937 and 1938 he studied at Ursinus College and New York University. From 1939 to 1942, he went to Columbia University where h...
  • A: Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger A: Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger J.D. Salinger could be considered one of the greatest, and most contrevertional authors of our time. We only know limited things about him and his work. He has been pushed off into the woods due to betrayal by his loved ones, and people close to him. Negative criticism of his work has also contributed to making him leave. Not to mention the biggest factor which made him want to be left alone, phoniness. These are the reasons that I believe why he wants to be left...
  • N: Franny and Zooey: Childhood N: Franny and Zooey: Childhood Franny and Zooey: Childhood Franny and Zooey: Childhood We're freaks,the two of us, Franny and I... and both of those bastards are responsible...I could murder both without batting an eyelash... The great teachers, the great emancipators. Childhood memories are ripples of waves crashing serenly throughout my mind. Memories of climbing trees, playing dress-up and other fun-filled reminiscences float through these waters like drift wood. I remember nothing but living in a joyful bliss. My only t...
  • N: Catcher In The Rye N: Catcher In The Rye Catcher In The Rye Innocence, Compassion, and some Crazy Cliff A novel, which has gained literary recognition worldwide, scrutiny to the point of censorship and has established a following among adolescents, The Catcher in the Rye is in its entirety a unique connotation of the preservation of innocence and the pursuit of compassion. With certain elegance the writer J.D. Salinger, substantiates the growth and perils, which lie between childhood and adulthood. Embellishing the differentiation be...
  • Y: Franny and Zooey: Childhood Y: Franny and Zooey: Childhood Franny and Zooey: Childhood Franny and Zooey: Childhood We\'re freaks,the two of us, Franny and I... and both of those bastards are responsible...I could murder both without batting an eyelash... The great teachers, the great emancipators. Childhood memories are ripples of waves crashing serenly throughout my mind. Memories of climbing trees, playing dress-up and other fun-filled reminiscences float through these waters like drift wood. I remember nothing but living in a joyful bliss. My only ...
  •  : Jd Salinger : Jd Salinger Jd Salinger Salinger, J(erome) D(avid) (1919- ), American novelist and short story writer, known for his stories dealing with the intellectual and emotional struggles of adolescents who are alienated from the empty, materialistic world of their parents. Salinger\'s work is marked by a profound sense of craftsmanship, a keen ear for dialogue, and a deep awareness of the frustrations of life in America after World War II (1939-1945). Jerome David Salinger was born and raised in New York City. He b...
  • A: Another JD Salinger A: Another JD Salinger Another JD Salinger J.D. Salinger's youth and war experiences influenced his writings. J.D. went through four different schools for education. He then went to World War II. After the war, he had a lot to say, so he wrote down his thoughts. And, he sure had some things to say. Jerome David Salinger came into this world on January 1, 1919. J.D. was short for Jerome David. Jerome David went by J.D. when he was young and he never let go of the name as he got older. J.D. was born in New York City, Ne...
  • N: Jerome Salinger N: Jerome Salinger Jerome Salinger Born on January 1, 1919, Jerome David Salinger was to become one of Americas greatest contemporary authors. In 1938 Salinger briefly attended Ursinus College in Pennsylvania where he wrote a column, Skipped Diploma, which featured movie reviews for his college newspaper. Salinger made his writing debut when he published his first short story, The Young Folks, in Whit Burnetts Story magazine (French, xiii). He was paid only twenty-five dollars. In 1939, at the age of 20, Sal...
  • D: J.D. Salinger D: J.D. Salinger J.D. Salinger Welcome to a thorough report on the life of Jerome David Salinger. It will outline his life from birth to the present. It will also discuss some of his better known literary works. Information about his early life, and family, schooling, and present condition can also be found within. Jerome David Salinger, better know as J. D. Salinger, Was born in New York City, on the days of January 1, 1919. His father was Sol Salinger, and his mother, Miriam Jillich. His mother was Scotch-Iris...
  •  : I. Critical Biography : I. Critical Biography I. Critical Biography I. Critical Biography J.D. Salinger is an American author who wrote the famous novel The Catcher in the Rye. It was written in 1951, (encyclopedia, Pg. 60). It ranks as a minor classic. This story is popular among American high school and college students. Salinger was born in New York City in 1919. His full name is Jarome David Salinger. Salinger has written several other books in his life. Salinger wrote some later fiction that centered on the Glass Family. These book...
  • Z: Another JD Salinger Z: Another JD Salinger Word Count: 1084 J.D. Salinger's youth and war experiences influenced his writings. J.D. went through four different schools for education. He then went to World War II. After the war, he had a lot to say, so he wrote down his thoughts. And, he sure had some things to say. Jerome David Salinger came into this world on January 1, 1919. J.D. was short for Jerome David. Jerome David went by J.D. when he was young and he never let go of the name as he got older. J.D. was born in New York City, New Y...
  • O: Jd Salinger O: Jd Salinger Jd Salinger Salinger, J(erome) D(avid) (1919- ), American novelist and short story writer, known for his stories dealing with the intellectual and emotional struggles of adolescents who are alienated from the empty, materialistic world of their parents. Salinger\'s work is marked by a profound sense of craftsmanship, a keen ear for dialogue, and a deep awareness of the frustrations of life in America after World War II (1939-1945). Jerome David Salinger was born and raised in New York City. He b...
  • O: Cathcer In The Rye O: Cathcer In The Rye Cathcer In The Rye Analysis of the Catcher in the Rye In 1919 Jerome David Salinger was born to Sol and Miriam Jillich Salinger. This man would have a moderately normal childhood attending the private McBurney School in Manhattan, and afterwards the Valley Forge Military Academy in Pennsylvania, where he graduated in 1936. He then attended New York University for an unsuccessful summer session in short-story writing. This 20th century novelist would later come to be known as J. D. Salinger and w...
  • E: Franny And Zooey: Franny E: Franny And Zooey: Franny Franny And Zooey: Franny Young adulthood is often a time for maturing spiritually. Franny Glass, the protagonist of J.D Salinger\'s novel, Franny and Zooey, began to question her religious beliefs, during this time of spiritual growth. Franny\'s quest for religion caused her to become pessimistic, bitter, and emotionally unstable. Franny held many strong beliefs that caused her to view her surroundings pessimistically. After spending three years contently in college, Franny changed her view of t...
  • Y: Experiences and Writings Y: Experiences and Writings Experiences and Writings English 4th Hour October 25, 2002 1 English 4th Hour October 25, 2002 Experiences and Writings What I like best is a book thats funny once in a while... What really knocks me out is a book that, when youre all done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it. That doesnt happen much, though. Holden Caulfield, Catcher in the Rye Jerome David Salinger came into this world...
  • Innocence, Compassion, And Some Crazy Cliff Innocence, Compassion, And Some Crazy Cliff Innocence, Compassion, And Some \'Crazy\' Cliff A novel, which has gained literary recognition worldwide, scrutiny to the point of censorship and has established a following among adolescents, The Catcher in the Rye is in its entirety a unique connotation of the preservation of innocence and the pursuit of compassion. With certain elegance the writer J.D. Salinger, substantiates the growth and perils, which lie between childhood and adulthood. Embellishing the differentiation between innocence a...
  • Another JD Salinger Another JD Salinger Another JD Salinger J.D. Salinger\'s youth and war experiences influenced his writings. J.D. went through four different schools for education. He then went to World War II. After the war, he had a lot to say, so he wrote down his thoughts. And, he sure had some things to say. Jerome David Salinger came into this world on January 1, 1919. J.D. was short for Jerome David. Jerome David went by J.D. when he was young and he never let go of the name as he got older. J.D. was born in New York City, N...
  • Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger J.D. Salinger could be considered one of the greatest, and most contrevertional authors of our time. We only know limited things about him and his work. He has been pushed off into the woods due to betrayal by his loved ones, and people close to him. Negative criticism of his work has also contributed to making him leave. Not to mention the biggest factor which made him want to be left alone, phoniness. These are the reasons that I believe why he wants to be left...
  • Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger Mysterious ways of J.D. Salinger J.D. Salinger could be considered one of the greatest, and most contrevertional authors of our time. We only know limited things about him and his work. He has been pushed off into the woods due to betrayal by his loved ones, and people close to him. Negative criticism of his work has also contributed to making him leave. Not to mention the biggest factor which made him want to be left alone, phoniness. These are the reasons that I believe why he wants to be left...
  • Franny Zooey And The Razors Edge Franny Zooey And The Razors Edge Franny Zooey And The Razors Edge Franny And Zooey The Razor\'s Edge Many novels use religion as the central object of their plot. Franny and Zooey, by J.D Salinger and The Razor\'s Edge, by W. Somerset Maugham both display religion as having they key role in their novels. Religion is the main guide in Franny and Zooey and The Razor\'s Edge for the search of meaning. During the search for meaning the two main characters Franny Glass and Larry Darrel, use religion as an escape from everyday life a...
  • Catcher in the Rye - Character Catcher in the Rye - Character Catcher in the Rye - Character Ever since its publication in 1951, J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye has served as a firestorm for controversy and debate. Critics have argued the moral issues raised by the book and the context in which it is presented. Some have argued that Salinger's tale of the human condition is fascinating and enlightening, yet incredibly depressing. The psychological battles of the novel's main character, Holden Caulfield, serve as the basis for critical argument. Caul...
  • Franny Vs Holden (J.D. Salinger) Franny Vs Holden (J.D. Salinger) Franny Vs Holden (J.D. Salinger) Holden as a foil ti Zooey By: E.S. Although they are the protagonists from two separate books, Franny Glass, a teenage girl in J.D. Salingers Franny and Zooey, and Holden Caufield, a young man in Salingers novel Catcher in the Rye, serve as foils to each other. Both suffer unnecessarily due to their interaction with those whom they are close to, due to their relationships with themselves, as well as due to their views on the world. In the end, however Franny an...
  • J.d. Salinger J.d. Salinger J.d. Salinger Born on January 1, 1919, Jerome David Salinger was to become one of America\'s greatest contemporary authors. In 1938 Salinger briefly attended Ursinus College in Pennsylvania where he wrote a column, quot;Skipped Diploma, quot; which featured movie reviews for his college newspaper. Salinger made his writing debut when he published his first short story, quot;The Young Folks, quot; in Whit Burnett\'s Story magazine (French, xiii). He was paid only twenty-five dollars. In 1939, at ...
  • Catcher In The Rye Catcher In The Rye Catcher In The Rye Innocence, Compassion, and some Crazy Cliff A novel, which has gained literary recognition worldwide, scrutiny to the point of censorship and has established a following among adolescents, The Catcher in the Rye is in its entirety a unique connotation of the preservation of innocence and the pursuit of compassion. With certain elegance the writer J.D. Salinger, substantiates the growth and perils, which lie between childhood and adulthood. Embellishing the differentiation be...