Women's Movements

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Women's Movements

Before the women's movements in the United States, women who were treated
unfairly and not given any equal rights as men had suffered great tragedy. There
tragedy was the way the society had treated them cruelly such as 1women once
only had the option of teaching, and nursing, as career opportunities. Women
would usually have the role of staying home and taking care of children and the
home. Now after the first and second waves of the women's movements, women now
are treated with great respect and given independent freedom. And carry a great
deal of triumph. 5Women's Movements are group efforts, chiefly by women, that
seek to improve women's lives or the lives of others. Probably the best known
women's movements are those that have engaged in political efforts to change the
roles and the status of women in society. A women's traditional role throughout
history was wife or mother dominated, and most women's lives have been centered
around their household. 2Women's Movements usually concentrate primarily on
equal rights, freedom, and greater social, economic and political involvement
for women. In history, there have been two major women's movements, the first
wave was concentrated on gaining voting rights for women. 9On August 26,1920,
the nineteenth amendment was added on to the amendments of the Constitution of
the United States of America. This amendment stated that women now have the
right to vote. During the second wave of the women's movement, there had been
many organizations setup to help women unite, such as the Women's Equity Action

League (WEAL), the Women's Trade Union League (WTUL), the National American

Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA), the National Organization for Women (NOW),
the National Women's Party, the National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC), and
many more.2The second wave, which emerged in the 1960's, was concentrated mainly
on political and social changes in many areas of the world. These contemporary
women's movement have sought greater equality for women in the family,
workplace, and political life. 2Women's movement's have won greater freedom for
women to as self-sufficient rather than dependent wives or daughters. 3Many
great American women have contributed greatly to the to the rights women now
have. One of the women who played a big role in gaining voting rights for women
was Susan B. Anthony. 8Susan B. Anthony was born in Adams, Massachusetts on

February 15, 1820. She was an American Pioneer for women's rights in the 19th
century. Anthony also helped found (1886) the American Equal Rights Association,

In order to work for the Women's Suffrage in 1869. In which she also helped
establish the National Women's Suffrage Association. From 1892 to 1900,

10Anthony was president of the National Women's Suffrage Association. In 1872
she was arrested for attempting to vote, claiming the provisions of the 14th and

15th amendments applied to all citizens, male and female. Her ceaseless work and
travel made women's suffrage a recognized cause in both America and Europe.

3Jane Addams another American women's rights advocate also was a American social
reformer, and pacifist. She was born in Cedarville Illinois, on September 6,

1860. In 1889, influenced by British precedents, she founded Hull House in

Chicago, in which she and other social reformers lived and worked to improve the
city slums. Hull House became a model for many other settlement houses in the

United States. Jane Addams became president of the Women's National League for
peace and freedom in 1919. Together with Nicholas Murray Butler, she received
the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931. She also supported investigation that resulted in
child labor reform, an eight - hour working day for women and better housing.

She wrote two books called Democracy and Social Ethics (1902) and Twenty Years
at the Hull House (1910). She died on May 21, 1935. 7Elizabeth Blackwell was
born in Bristol, England, in 1821 into a large, progressive family. Elizabeth's
father believed in fully educating his daughters as well as his sons, an unusual
idea at the time. In 1832 they came to America. Some years later, the death of
their father, Elizabeth and her sisters setup a private school for girls.

Elizabeth became dissatisfied with teaching as a career. She decided that she
wanted to do something in medicine. In the middle of the nineteenth century the
thought of a woman becoming a doctor was as preposterous as it was shocking.

8Elizabeth began her ambition by studying medicine as a private pupil of
prominent physicians of Philadelphia. Her teachers were impress by her capacity
for hard work and strong stomach. She copped better with the procedures

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