Watergate

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Watergate

The Infamous Watergate Scandal
The Watergate Complex is a series of modern buildings with
balconies that looks like filed down Shark's Teeth (Gold, 1).
Located on the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. it contains many
hotel rooms and offices. What happened in the complex on June 17,
1972 early in the morning became a very historical event for our
nation that no one will ever forget.
The Watergate Scandal and constitutional crisis that began on
June 17, 1972 with the arrest of five burglars who broke into the
Democratic National Committee (DMC) headquarters at the Watergate
office building in Washington D.C. It ended with the registration of
President Richard M. Nixon on August 9, 1974. (Watergate)
At approximately 2:30 in the morning of June 17, 1972 five men
were arrested at the Watergate Complex. The police seized a walkie
talkie, 40 rolls of unexposed film, two 35 millimeter cameras, lock
picks, pensized teargas guns, and bugging devices. (Gold, 75)
These five men and two co-plotters were indicated in September
1972 on charges of burglary, conspiracy and wire tapping. Four months
later they were convicted and sentenced to prison terms by District
Court Judge John J. Sercia was convinced that relevant details had
not been unveiled during the trial and offered leniency in exchanged
for further information. As it became increasingly evident that the
Watergate burglars were tied closely to the Central Intelligence
Agency and the Committee to re-elect the president. (Watergate)
Four of these men, that were arrested on the morning of June 17, 1972,
came from Miami, Florida. They were Bernard L. Barker, Frank A.
Sturgis, Virgillio R. Gonzalez, and Eugenio R. Martinez. The other
man was from Rockville, Maryland named James W. McCord, Jr. The two
co-plotters were G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt. (Watergate)
The senate established and investigative committee headed by
Senate Sam Ervin, Jr., to look into the growing scandal. As they were
investigating, they related that the famous break-in was far more
involved than what everyone had expected. (Watergate) The White Houses
involvement of that morning first became evident when James McCord
wrote a letter to Judge Sirca. In this letter McCord explained that
he wanted to disclose the details of Watergate. He made it apparent
that he would not speak to a Justice department official of an FBI
agent. Although his letter did unveil details, it made server
chargers. McCord justified that Political pressure (Westerfled 36)
had generated many defendants to plead guilty and remain silent. He
also claimed that there had been whiteness at the trail who had
committed perjury in order to protect the people who headed the
brake-in. McCord declared that he, his family, and his friend may be
in danger if he spoke out. (Westerfled 36-37)
The Senate Watergate Committee saw their chance to unravel the
mystery of this scandal. The offered James McCord a chance to speak
publicly. In his first meeting with representatives of this committee
he named two more people that he claimed were involved in the burglary
and cover-up. Theses two men were John Dean and Jeb Margruder.
Margruder was the second-in-charge of the CRP and Dean was a White
House aid. After hearing these substantial accusations the Senate
Watergate Committee promptly subpoenaed John Dean and Jeb Margruder.
(Westerfled 37-38).
After the next session with James McCord he took the whiteness
stand and explained how Liddy had promised him an executive pardon if
he would plead guilty. This began to question the a White House
involvement since only the president could present such a pardon.
(Westerfled, 40) Jeb Margruder was the next witness to testify. He
admitted his own perjury to the Grand Jury and verified what McCord
had said. While on the stand he also revealed another name to add to
the list of those involved, John Mitchell. (Gold, 246-247)
The next witness scheduled to appear was John Dean. In Dean's
testimony he exposed that the Watergate burglary had been only a part
of a greater abuse of power. He said that for four years the White
House had used the powers of the presidency to attack political
enemies. They spied on and harassed anyone who did not agree with
Nixon's policies. If a reporter wrote stories criticizing the White
House they would

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