The Rise And Fall Of Hitler
The Rise and Fall of Hitler
Adolf Hitler did not come to power in the traditional revolutionary manner. He attempted to take control by force one time and failed. This landed him in prison. The second time Hitler was ready and by manipulation and lies he got himself elected to political office. By March 23, 1933 Hitler was dictator. The rise and sudden fall of Hitler had a sensational effect on people and nations around the world.
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau, Austria. His mother was Klara Hitler and father was Alois Hitler. Alois worked as a customs officer on the border crossing. Hitler’s ancestors were peasants, small independent farmers or village craftsmen. His father was the first to break away. Contrary to the impression Hitler conveyed in Mein Kampf, he was neither poor nor harshly treated. His father advanced steadily in the service, and ended the highest rank open to a civil servant of his education. He had a secure income as well as the social standing of an imperial official and when he died he left his widow and children well provided for. His mom was twenty-two years younger than his father. Hitler was a choirboy, in the Benedictine Monastery of Lambach. Hitler did not do well in school. One of the teacher in his high school classified young Hitler as notorious and willful. Adolf saw no real reason to stay in high school. He left school at age sixteen without a leaving certificate. In September 1907, Hitler left home taking with him all the money left to him by his father, who had died a few years earlier. The money would be enough for tuition and board at the art school in Vienna. Hitler applied for entrance to the school two times and was rejected both times. His artist career was over. Hitler then abandoned any thought of further education.
In 1913, Hitler moved to Munich, life for him was not great there until the First World War started in 1914. While many people were frightened and sad at the thought of a world war, Hitler was delighted. He held the rank of corporal, an d in forty-seven battles he served on the Western Front as a dispatch runner, delivering messages back and forth between the front lines and the officers in the rear. Hitler was disappointed when he heard the news of Germany’s surrender. After the war Hitler was given a job guarding a post. He was later given an undercover agent job.
As part of Hitler’s job, he investigated a party called “the German Workers’ party.” He was disgusted how the group had no organization, although he was in favor of many of the party’s ideas. To follow up with his job, he joined the group to make sure they were no threat to the government. The group was severely hurting by their lack of attendance; this was mainly due to the lack of communication with the group. Hitler took hold, and made a drastic change in the publicity the group got. Hitler first succeeded in attracting over a hundred people to a meeting at which he delivered his first speech to a large audience. This meeting was a great success and subsequently in February 1920 he organized a much larger event for a crowd of nearly two thousand in the Munich Hofbrauhaus. Hitler presented a twenty-five-point program of ideas, which were to be the basis of the party. The name of the party itself was changed to the National Socialist German Workers Party or Nazi for short on April 1, 1920. By 1921 Adolf Hitler had virtually secured total control of the Nazi party.
Up to November 1923 Hitler continued to build up the strength of the Nazi Party. During this time he also plotted to overthrow the German Weimar Republic by force. On November 8, 1923 Hitler led an attempt to take over the local Bavarian Government in Munich in an action that became known as the “Beer Hall Putsch.” Despite initially kidnapping the Bavarian officials in the beer hall in Munich and proclaiming a new regime using their names, the coup was not successful. The officials were allowed