The purpose of the Russian Revolution was to fix problems from Czar Nicholas II. The purpose of the Animal Farm Revolution was to make life better for all the animals. However, both revolutions made life worse afterwards.
All of the characters in Animal Farm have counterparts in real life. This book was based on the Russian Revolution, and all the important populace of the revolution are symbolized. Some of the animals represent individuals in the Russian Revolution, and some types of animals represent different types of Russian citizens.
Mr. Jones closely resembles Czar Nicholas II. The animal rebellion on the farm was started because Mr. Jones was a drunk who never took care of his animals. This made his animals very angry. Fed by the words of Old Major the animals decided to rebel like the Russians. Czar Nicholas II was a very weak man who treated his people similar to how Mr. Jones treated his animals. Czar made his working class people very uneasy with the way he used his authority and preached all the time, and the people suffered and finally demanded reform by rebelling.
Old Major closely resembles Karl Marx and V.I Lenin. Old Major resembles Karl Marx because, like the political thinker, Major brought about and created the idea of Communism, or ‘Animalism’, the Animal Farm version of this system of thought. In a way, Major is associated with V.I Lenin of the Russian Revolution, the opportunist who brought and initiated the communist way of life on this land when it needed a new system-of-thought to help it’s troubled economy and the way-of-life it’s people were forced to live out every day.
Snowball closely resembles Leon Trotsky. Snowball believed 100% of Old Major’s ideas. Snowball
wanted all the things Old Major wanted, such as the welfare of the animals. Leon Trotsky believed and wanted
the same things as V.I Lenin, and wanted to continue what Lenin had started.
Napoleon closely resembles Joseph Stalin. Napoleon was selfish and greedy. He did not want to share the power or the decision making with any other individual. At first Napoleon and Snowball shared the decision making and had debates about what course of action they would take. This worked for a while. Then Napoleon grew weary of long debates, and he thought he could make his decision by himself. He then forced Snowball out of the farm and started to spread lies about Snowball to get the entire farm against him. Joseph Stalin did the same thing against Leon Trotsky. Stalin forced Trotsky into hiding in Mexico, where Trotsky was eventually assassinated. Both Stalin and Napoleon ruined any hopes of equal and fair government and instead, set up dictatorships.
Squealer closely resembles the Propaganda Department of V.I Lenin’s government. Squealer did not make the decisions in the government, but acted more like the controlled media as in the Russian government. Squealer’s job was to influence the people by exaggerating and re-writing history and sometimes even telling outright plain lies. The animals would listen to squealer, and Squealer would always listen to Napoleon. The Department would use any lie to convince the people to follow Joseph Stalin, and the Department benefited from the fact that education was controlled.
The dogs closely resemble the Secret Police (KGB). The dogs were Napoleon’s private army that used fear to force the animals to work. The dogs would kill or intimidate any opponent of Napoleon. The dogs were part of Napoleon’s strategy to control the rest of the animals. The Secret Police (KGB) was not really police, but they forced support for Joseph Stalin. KGB used force, and they often killed entire families for disobedience. KGB was extremely loyal to their master.
Mollie closely resembles the vain, and selfish people in Russia and the world. Mollie only cared about
her ribbons, and wasn’t much of a thinker. All Mollie wanted was to eat sugar, and look pretty. Some of the
people in Russia and the world just didn’t care about the Russian Revolution. They only thought about themselves and went to other countries that offered more to them.
I believe Boxer represents all the people in Russia. The poverty stricken, the homeless, who still work
hard in order to make the system of Communism or Animalism work. Boxer is