THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

I.  Article 1: The Legislative Branch
a.  section 1: Legislative powers given..
b.  section 2: Description of the House of  Representatives.
-Representatives elected every 2nd year
-Qualifications of Representatives
    -Must be a citizen for at least seven years
    -Must be at least 25 years old
    -Will not be inhabitant of the state in which he is chosen
-Number of Representatives per state
-Executive authority fills vacancies
-Choose speaker and officers, Sole power to impeach.
c.  section 3: Description of  the Senate
-Separation and replacement of senators
-Qualifications of Senators
    -Must be a citizen for at least nine years
    -Must be at least 30 years old
          -Will not be inhabitant of the state in which he is chosen
-Vice Presidents role in Senate
-Choosing of offices and President pro tempore
-Power given to try impeachment trials, and guidelines for such trials
-Judgment guidelines for impeachment trials
d.  section 4: Elections of  Senators and Representatives
-Guidelines for election of Senators and Representatives
e.  Section 5: Rules of  House and Senate
-Guidelines for meetings in the Houses
-Power to decide rules, punishments, and expulsions given
-Guidelines for journals
-Guidelines concerning adjourning
f.  section 6: Compensation and privileges of members
-Compensation and Protection from arrest during meetings
-Rules concerning holding offices
g.  section 7: Passage of bills
-Revenue bills originate in the House of Representatives
-Instructions concerning bills passed in House and Senate
-Every order, resolution, and vote must be presented to the President
h.  section 8: Extent of Legislative power
-Taxes, duties, imposts, excises
-Borrowing money
-Regulation of commerce
-Laws about bankruptcy
-Processing of money
-Punishment for counterfeiting
-Post office and post roads
-Promote science and arts
-Tribunals
-Punishments of piracies and felonies on high seas, offenses against law of nations

-War, letters of marque, reprisal, capturing of land and water
-Armies
-Navy
-Regulation of land and naval forces
-Calling of militia
-Organizing, arming, disciplining, governing, and reserving militia
-Exercising exclusive legislation
-Necessary and proper clause
i.  section 9: Limits on Legislative power
-migration and importation of persons
-Habeas corpus
-No attainder or ex post facto law
-Capitation or other direct tax
-Tax or duty
-Preference by regulation of commerce or revenue
-Money drawn from treasury
-Titles of nobility
j.  section 10: Limits on states
-No treaties
-No posting of duties
-No duty of tonnage, keeping troops, ships, entering into agreements, engaging in war

III.  Article II : The Presidency
a.  section 1: Election, Installation, Removal
-Rules of term
    -4 year term
-Guidelines of election
-Instructions for electors
-Time of choosing electors
-Guidelines for Presidential candidate
   -Must be a natural born citizen
   -Must be 14 years a resident of U.S.
   -Must be 35 years old
-Compensation
-Must take Oath or Affirmation
b.  section 2: Presidential power
-Military and pardoning
-Treaties and appointment of ambassadors
-Filling vacancies in senate
c.  section 3: State of the Union, receive ambassadors, laws faithfully executed commission officers  
d.  section 4: Impeachment
IV.  Article III : The Judiciary
a.  section 1: Judicial power given
b.  section 2: Extent of Judicial power
-Specifics of extent of judicial power
-Original and appellate jurisdiction
-Trials by jury
c.  section 3: Treason
-Definition and conviction of Treason
-Punishment of treason
V.  Article IV : The States
a.  section 1: Full faith and credit given
-Privileges of citizens
-Convicted people who leave state jurisdiction
b.  section 2: Privileges and immunities, Extradition, Fugitive slaves
c.  section 3: Admission of  States
d.  section 4: Guarantees to States
    -Republican form of government
    -Protect against invasion
    -Protect against invasion when deemed necessary by legislature
VI.  Article V : The amendment process
     -2/3 house of representatives must agree to present amendment
     -or  2/3 of state legislature must approve
     - ¾ of the senate must agree to get it into the constitution
I.   Article VI : Legal Status of the Constitution
A. Bill of rights
a.  Amendment 1 : Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition- 1791
b.  Amendment 2 : Right to bear arms- 1791
c.  Amendment 3 : Quartering of Troops- 1791
d.  Amendment 4 : Search and Seizure-1791
e.  Amendment 5 : Grand Jury, Double Jeopardy, Self- Incrimination, Due Process-1791

f.  Amendment 6 : Criminal prosecutions - Jury trial, right to confront and counsel-1791

g.  Amendment 7 : Common law suits - Jury trial-1791
h.  Amendment 8 : Excess bail or fines, cruel and unusual punishment- 1791

i.  Amendment 9

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