The Battle of the Bulge was Germany's last offensive attack. It
lasted from December 16, 1944 to January 28, 1945. It was the
largest battle in World War II to take place on land. It included
600,000 Germans, 500,000 Americans, and 55,000 British. There
were 81,000 US casualties, 1400 British casualties, and 100,000
German casualties.
The Battle was being planned at a point in time when the Red
Russian army was closing in on Germany from the East and the US
was destroying German cities with bombs. Hitler's military leaders
knew the end was near, but Hitler had one more plan.
Hitler wanted to attack the Western front between the Aachan
area and the Southern Luxembourg-France boundry. He chose this
location because there was little opposition stationed there. Hitler
planned on attacking between November 20 and November 30. He
was sure that the Allied forces would not have enough time to react
to the attack. The plan depended on the German army's speed and
accuracy. Since the area was a bunch of woods, that provided the
cover for the German army. Hitler was also hoping that the weather
would be bad so that American airplanes could not effectively attack.
The plan's code name was Wacht am Rhein, meaning Watch
On The Rhine. Hitler used this code name in hopes of fooling the US
into thinking that the operation was defensive. Later, Hitler changed
the code name to Autum Mist.
All of the offensive commanders were skeptical about one part
of Hitler's plan. Hitler figured that it would be easy to retake Antwerp
to their side because Antwerp did not appear to be settled into the
Allied side quite yet. The offensive commanders claimed that the
German army simply didn't have enough power to do that at the
moment. Another plan was submitted to Hitler which recommended
simply trying to weaken the Allied forces but Hitler refused to change
the plan.
The Battle was launched at 5:30 a.m. on December 6, 1944.
The Battle went on until January 28. The Battle cost the Germans
numerous resources. They had used up most of their air power and
men. The Allies had plenty of resources left.
Germany's defeat came about a few months later....