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Poverty is a global problem, and it has existed from the beginning
of civilization. Hunger, homelessness, and lack of health care are major
aspects of this world-wide
dilemma. Many countries are in complete poverty and a majority are
third-world countries. Within the United States of America, a land of
plenty, there are also pockets of extreme poverty. Governments around the
world are trying to solve this huge problem. Third world poverty and
Appalachian poverty, which occurred in the United States of America, have
developed for various reasons, and these situations have led to a great
deal of problems.
Throughout the world, poverty has plagued all countries. In smaller,
under-developed countries many people die from starvation. These countries
can not afford to support their citizens. Due to their financial problems,
the people lack proper shelter and clothing to keep themselves warm during
cold months. Since they lack adequate shelter and clothing, diseases occur
all over. These diseases develop a lot easier with poor nutrition. Once
again with more financial problems, health care is limited to none.
Lawrence Senesh, the contributor of "Poverty as a Social Problem" from
World Book, says poverty is usually caused by the difficulty in holding and
even getting a job(650). Ability, education, and skills help determine the
kind of job an individual gets (650).
Everyone does not have the same physical abilities and mental abilities.
Poor health and abilities prevent some people from holding a job. Through
science people have been able to hold onto jobs a lot easier (650). It has
increased the need for professional workers and lowered the demand for the
unskilled (650). So, the people with higher education will get paid a
higher income, and people with lower education will get paid a lower
income. Changes in economic slumps can often bring poverty. When
businesses drop off and production declines people lose jobs without
warning (650). Poverty is also caused by social conditions, such as racial
discrimination (Blacks, Asians, and Mexicans) (650). Whites are usually
the ones who do the discriminating (650).
There are a variety of third-world countries in the world. A third
world country is a country that is economically depressed and continues to
grieve. Examples of third world countries are Bosnia, Hungary, Austria,
Romania, and Somalia. The United States of
America, the richest country in the world, has its share of poverty
(Senesh650a). Granted, American poverty is no match to third world
poverty, but for such a prosperous country it is pretty sad. Most third
world countries do not have social security or welfare (650a). So, the
people of those countries have no income to keep themselves going. Even
America does have both social security and welfare, this country still has
many homeless and starving people.
Appalachia includes thirteen states, ranging from southern New York to
eastern Mississippi (650a). About eighteen million people live in
Appalachia. In March, 1965, the
United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Redevelopment Act.
The legislation was designed primarily to create more jobs by attracting
tourists and industries. It provided funds and made the area more
accessible. Funds also were made available
for new schools and health facilities, land and mine reclamation, and
timber and water conservation.
The poverty in America will not be solved all at once (650a).
Simply creating jobs will not help eliminate poverty because there are some
people who are disabled and just can not work (650a). The government
social welfare programs help to add income to many people (650a). These
people could be the retired, unemployed, disabled, or widowed (650a). In
order to help the less fortunate, the people that are employed are taxed to
raise money to pay for social security and other benefits (650a). For the
higher income workers taxes are higher, and for lower income workers taxes
are lower. Michael Winerip stated in "What's a Nice Jewish Lawyer Like
John Rosenberg Doing in Appalachia?" from New York Times Magazine, that
Rosenberg left Washington to go to Kentucky ; he quickly realized that the
land was barren. A land that was once bountiful
for its time is now a vast quantity of nothing (Winerip25). In the video
tape "Applachian Poverty"directed by Susan Jones, she shows how runned down
Applachia really is.
The government has been trying to eliminate poverty for decades. In
1946 an employment act was passed (Senesh 650a). This act charges the
federal government to
keep the economic stability of the United States of America (Senesh 650a).
The way the government has tried to decrease the poverty level is by
increasing in goods and
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Welfare economics, Appalachia, Appalachian culture, Poverty in the United States, Poverty, Extreme poverty, Unemployment, Social and economic stratification in Appalachia
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