Notes: Americanization or Candaisnism?


-Many labours now had cars, radios, gramaphones etc. The railways
had reached their golden age and lots of hotels were built.
-Immigration flowed as steady as ever.
-Prosperity came from U.S and their many companies and workers.
-Canada impoted and exported much more to the U.S rather than
Britain.
-Companies found that they were needed in Canada.
-The north-south access was strengthened by technology.
-Highways to attract the American tourists developed.
-The aeroplanes were improved and so were the telephones.
-American investtors did not lend money as the British but opened
branch companies in Canada.
-Provinces became key actors in Canadian transportation.
-Canadians wanted more education so the King goverment introduced
the old age pensions.
-Natural resource earning came to the prairies.
-Prosperity was not shared equally between the provinces. Quebec,
Ontario and B.C. were the prime winners. The Maritimes were the
loosers.
-Farmers of the West profited from Aaron Sapiro advice and raised
their annual wheat pools above $2.00/bushell.
-Most magazines came from the states and most Canadians immigrated
there.
-There were new American films and media in Canada.
-Canadian resistors made a law to migrate any person that was
interfearing with the Canadian opinions and that tried to shape
it.
-The group of Seven showed a distinctive American culture.
-Groulx fought children of Quebec cinemas to stop the influence
of American movies on them. He tried also to censor American
imported books and magazines.


GROWTH AND DISCONTENT


-The munnition boards were shut down causing lots of workers to
hunt for jobs.
-The labour were not paid well and the veterans wanted their $2000
bonus.
-Employers had low profits and wanted higher authority.
-The Russian revolution encouraged unionist ideas.
-In Calgary, march 1919, the unions talked about a workers
revolution in Canada just like that in Russia.
-They wanted to create One Big Union for all workers.
-General strike began in Winippeg with more than 30000 workers and
swept through all Canada.
-They wanted the right to bargain with employers.
-Parliment made it a crime to talk about a revolution.
-June 21, 1919, the police killed the leaders of the strike in
Winnipeg. This was called, "Bloody Saturday."
-In 1924, unionship slipped down very muuch.
-In 1925, the returning veterans made up the Canadian Legion to
talk for them.
-Most farmers went bankrupt when they borrowed money from the
goverment for wheat that cost $2.15, which later in a year turned
to $3.15 in the world market.
-Inflation re-appeared in 1917 due to too much money but very few
goods.
-Banks raised interest to defeat the foe.
-They wanted the investments in the two railways to be protected,
by giving the crs the two lines to manage but Arthur Meighn
refused.
-The CNR was created and this was a disaster to the Maritimes.
-In 1921, Borden wanted to stop being the Pm because he did not
persuade Quebec premier Lomer Gouin to take over the unionist
party.
-William McKenzie King replaced Laurier who died in 1919 as the
Liberal leader He was picked because of his labour knowledge.
-P.C\'s won the 1921 election on a promise to regain free trade.
-When Britain was about to go to war with Turkey, Canada refused
to fight until the Parliment agreed. Thus it had a new identity.
-Automobiles and mines between 1921-1925 created jobs.
-In Oct.1925, King lost elections but refused to resign.
-Gave a Prosperity buudget cutting off many taxes.
-G.G Lord Byng was the one to refuse dissolution of McKenzie
King who resigned.
-In 1926, the economy was booming again.On Sept. 14 1926, King won
the elections with a majority.

A NEW DEAL


-In 1930, the Canadians had turned to the Conservatives because
they thought Bennet had their cure, but Bennet failed.
-The Social Credits wanted poverty in the midst of plenty.
- In the 1930\'s the socialists developed in Canada.
-The Canadian Commonwealth Federation called for Canadian
unity.
-Here are the 14 points of the Manifiesto:
*Esatbleshment of a planned economy.
*Control of the people through the goverment of all financial
services.
*Goverment owns transportation and communication.
*Help to farmers by securing their land ownership and crop sales.
*Import and export boards set to control trade.
*Encourage producer and consumer cooperatives.
*National labour code to cope with things such as unemployment.
*Public owned health and hospital services.
*Amendment of the BNA so that Ottawa can deal with the depression.
*Foreign policy to promote international peace.
*Changes in the tax laws.
*Freedom of speech and assembly.
*Humanization of the law.
*An emergency program to deal with things such as the depression.

_This made the CCF start strong