NAEYC Reflection

Amber Williamson


March 27, 2017
Yvonne Gould

NAEYC Reflection

NAEYC is full of different standards that are important to understand
and learn to help children grow and develop appropriately. In the stages of
prenatal development, genetic disorders, and environmental influences on
the development of a fetus, it is critical that we understand the
connection with these developments and why they are important in the start
of a child's life.
We all know that development of children starts during infancy but it
starts during the prenatal period. During this time, there are remarkable
changes that happens and it paves the way for the future of the child's
development. There are three main steps that occur during prenatal
development. First is the germinal stage that takes place in the first two
weeks after conception. During this stage, the egg and sperm meet; then the
egg moves to the uterus and begins cell division. After cell division,
blastocyst begins with the development of skin, nervous, digestive,
respiratory, muscle, and skeletal systems. Second is the embryonic stage,
this is the second and third month. In this stage, the embryo separates
into three different layers known as the body system. Within about a month
the head followed by the nose, eyes, mouth, and ears are formed. Then the
cardiovascular system begins as the blood vessels and heart become one and
makes a heartbeat. All the major organs are development except for the
reproductive ones. The last stage is the fetal stage. This stage happens
around the third month of pregnancy until mom gives birth. In this stage
the reproductive organs begin to develop and the baby continues to grow and
become stronger. Towards the end of the pregnancy, the baby will begin to
prepare for life outside the womb. Their lungs will start to contract and
expand to build up the muscles for breathing.
Some mothers look at prenatal development as a normal process, but for
others there may be some issues that occur. As a mother, we all hope that
we have a very easy and simple pregnancy but that is not always the case.
Things can go wrong, in which are usually genetic and/or environmental
problems. Some genetic problems that may occur during the prenatal
development may be Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, and is the most
common genetic anomaly that can be determined during pregnancy. This is
caused by and extra copy of the 21st chromosome. There are also inherited
diseases can be another source. Sickle cell anemia is an example of an
inherited disease. There are also sex chromosomes problems that can occur
such as Turner syndrome. This is caused by only having one X chromosome.
Environmental issue is also critical during prenatal development. A toxic
environment can affect the fetus when the mother is allowing these
dangerous issues to affect her. If the mother is using drugs and alcohol,
this can cause issues with the development of the fetus. It is poisoning
the nutrients that the fetus is needing to grow appropriately. Maternal
diseases can also have negative impact on the fetus. Examples of maternal
diseases include herpes and AIDS. Herpes virus is the most common condition
that has a major effect on the fetus. It can cause deafness, brain
swelling, or mental retardation.
The prenatal period is a time for growth and development but it has a
great vulnerability and should be taken with caution, some of the dangers
can be avoided while other cant. It is important for expecting mothers to
be willing to put their fetus above all and take care of themselves as
well. While there are also some things that mothers can avoid, genetic
problems may be unavoidable. The best thing that any mother to be can do is
to get the best prenatal care they possibly can and do what they can to
make their womb a retreat for the unborn to relax and grow.

Environmental Impacts on Prenatal Development Source: Boundless.
"Environmental Impacts on Prenatal Development." Boundless Psychology
Boundless, 08 Aug. 2016. Retrieved 28 Mar. 2017 from
impacts-on-prenatal-development. (2017). Retrieved from
Stages of Prenatal Development Share. (2017). Retrieved from
Problems With Prenatal Development. (2017). Retrieved from
NAEYC Standards for Early Childhood Professional Preparation. (2017).
Retrieved from