Mark Twain
Samuel Langhorne Clemens is better known as Mark Twain, the distinguished
novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist, and literary critic who
ranks among the great figures of American Literature. Twain was born in Florida

Missouri, in 1835, To John Marshall Clemens and Jane Lampton. As a new born

Twain already had moved four times westward. In 1839 the family moved again,
this time eastward to Hannibal, Missouri. Hannibal was a frontier town of less
than 500 residents. As small as the town was it offered valuable materials and
opportunities for a young writer. Most of the residents knew Samuel well,
considering they were on the lower half of the social scale, such as poor whites
and slaves. The town of Hannibal was mostly used for farmers coming in from the
countryside. It was also a river town, swamped with travelers moving up stream
and down stream. Some of the travelers were steamboat men, circus performers,
minstrel companies, and showboat actors. Since all this action was going on all
the time, that opened a big door to the beginning of Samuel's stories. It
provided a huge source of literary material. Shortly after the death of his
father in 1847, he ended the brief period of his schooling to become a
printer's apprentice. Like many nineteenth century authors, he was preparing
for his writing career later in life. Working as a Printer's apprentice he got
practice as a typesetter and miscellaneous reading. The first thing Samuel wrote
as a used piece was a few skits for his brothers Orion's Hannibal newspaper
and a sketch, for The Dandy Frightening The Squatter, published in Boston in

1852. The first real book ever published by Mark Twain was Life on the

Mississippi River. Between 1853 and 1857 Clemens worked a journeyman printer in
seven different places. During this trip of making sketches and writing stories,
he began eastward by boat. Twain started writing letters telling about his
visits to New York and the Middle West in 1867. On his trip he seemed to have
gotten him self in a lot a trouble such as disorderly conduct. After time passed

Mark kept writing short stories here and there and a few sketches also. However,
in 1869 he became part owner of the Buffalo Express. In 1870 Mark met the girl
of his dreams and Olivia Langdon and Samuel Clemens were married in late 1870 in

Elmira, New York. In 1884 Mark Twain wrote one of his most popular stories

Called The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn. Although Clemens had a remarkable
financial success with all of the books he had wrote, he found himself bankrupt
by 1894. After the death of his daughter in 1896 and his wife in 1904 he became
incredibly bitter and needed to express his feelings in some way so he wrote a
book called The Mysterious Stranger In Twain's later years he did not write as
much but began doing more public appearances. Twain spent the last three years
of his life finishing his autobiography, including stories from his life and the
death of his beloved wife and daughter Four months after finishing the book, on
the evening of April 10,1910,Twain flipped through one of his books and said
goodbye to his doctor waiting at his bedside. That evening Twain passed away
leaving the world with only the memory of him through his writing Samuel Clemens
or you could say Mark Twain still lives on in reader's hearts and minds


Edwards, William. The life of Mark Twain. 1999

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Publishing, 1984 Killingsworth, Jacob. Research Paper Online. 1999

Lewis, Julie. The Life of Mark Twain. New York, NY: River House