Lord Of Flies
In his classic novel, Lord of the Flies, William Golding utilizes many elements
of symbolism to help accomplish his motif, which is "man is basically
evil." Symbolism can be anything, a person, place or thing, used to portray
something beyond itself. It is used to represent or foreshadow the conclusion of
the story. As one reads this novel, he or she will begin to recognize the way
basic civilization is slowly stripped away from the boys. Let us know look
closer at the ways Golding uses this form of symbolism. From the very beginning
of the story the boys inwardly strip themselves of the remnants of the basic
civilized world. This is shown when the boys shed their clothes; their school
sweaters, then the rest of their clothes are torn off. Their hair becomes
increasingly disheveled, long, and entangled with small twigs. Since the boys
are left without any adult supervision they have to turn to their collective
unconscious. The collective unconscious was discovered by the renown
psychologist Carl Jung. Let us now look further into each individual character
in the novel, and discover how they each contribute to portray the ending of the
story. Ralph is one of the older boys on the island and remains the leader
throughout most of the novel. He is described as a pure, English lad. Such
details as his fair hair and the fact that he is wearing his school sweater
symbolizes many things. First of all the fact that he has fair hair represents
that he will be the positive force throughout the novel, as opposed to Jack who
is described as having red hair. The fact that he keeps his school sweater
symbolizes his desire to keep the island somewhat civilized. He does everything
he can to keep the boys under some kind of society. He makes laws including the
freedom of speech. Ralph becomes very popular in the beginning, however as the
novel proceeds and the society deteriorates, the popular leader is abandoned for
a strong-armed dictator; Jack Merridew. The impression that we have of Jack is
that he is a tall thin boy with a shock of red hair at the summit of a black
cloak. Jacks appearance seems to suggest evil. Unlike Ralph who stands for
common sense and a desire for normal civilized life, all Jack cares about is
hunting. Because of this opposition between Jack and Ralph, Jack is Ralph's main
antagonist. Symbolically Jack breaks away from good when he baptizes himself
with the blood of the slaughtered pig. Jack eventually breaks away from Ralph
and the others and forms his own group which will basically strive for blood.

This leads to multiple murders. With the exception of Ralph, Piggy, and a few
others, Jack lures the other boys to join him. According to the laws of Freudian

Psychology Jacks Id has taken over. Another character portrayed in Lord of the

Flies is Piggy. Piggy is the object of much mockery and is obviously a fat boy.

Piggy foresees both the need for a closely watched signal fire and for secure
shelters on the beach. Piggys spectacles are used to start the fire. Piggy could
represent knowledge or intelligence, a figure which is often depicted as a
fire-bringer. A familiar expression that can represent this is the fire of
inspiration. Even though Piggy represented all good he was often jeered at.

Simon is a Christ figure. He is quiet, almost unnoticed, yet he speaks wiser
than the others. His wander deep into the heart of the woods in chapter three,
is representative of Jesus' journey's to isolate himself to pray to his Father.

As we can clearly see, William Golding has used much symbolism to help portray
the ending of the novel, Lord of the Flies. A running theme in Lord of the Flies
is that man is savage at heart, always ultimately reverting back to an evil and
primitive nature. The cycle of man's rise to power, or righteousness, and his
inevitable fall from grace is an important point that book proves again and
again, often comparing man with characters from the Bible to give a more vivid
picture of his descent. Lord Of The Flies symbolizes this fall in different
manners, ranging from the illustration of the mentality of actual primitive man
to the reflections of a corrupt seaman in purgatory. The novel is the story of a
group of boys of different backgrounds who are marooned on an unknown island
when their plane crashes. As the boys try to organize and formulate a plan to
get rescued,