Joshua And Ruth
Book Of Joshua
Chapter 1 The book begins with the history, not of Joshua’s life (many
remarkable passages of that we had before in the books of Moses) but of his
reign and government. In this chapter, I. God appoints him to the government in
the stead of Moses, gives him an ample commission, full instructions, and great
encouragements (v. 1-9). II. He accepts the government, and addresses himself
immediately to the business of it, giving orders to the officers of the people
in general (v. 10, 11) and particularly to the two tribes and a half (v.
12–15). III. The people agree to it, and take an oath of fealty to him (v.
16–18). A reign which thus began with God could not but be honourable to the
prince and comfortable to the subject. The last words of Moses are still
verified, "Happy art thou, O Israel! Who is like unto thee, O people?’’
Deu. 33:29. Chapter 2 In this chapter we have an account of the scouts that were
employed to bring an account to Joshua of the posture of the city of Jericho.
Observe here, I. How Joshua sent them (v. 1). II. How Rahab received them, and
protected them, and told a lie for them (v. 2-7), so that they escaped out of
the hands of the enemy. III. The account she gave them of the present posture of
Jericho, and the panic-fear they were struck with upon the approach of Israel
(v. 8–11). IV. The bargain she made with them for the security of herself and
her relations in the ruin she saw coming upon her city (v. 12–21). V. Their
safe return to Joshua, and the account they gave him of their expedition (v.
22–24). And that which makes this story most remarkable is that Rahab, the
person principally concerned in it, is twice celebrated in the New Testament as
a great believer (Heb. 11:31) and as one whose faith proved itself by good
works, James 2:25. Chapter 3 This chapter, and that which follows it, give us
the history of Israel’s passing through Jordan into Canaan, and a very
memorable history it is. Long afterwards, they are told to remember what God did
for them between Shittim (whence they decamped, v. 1). and Gilgal, where they
next pitched, ch. 4:19, Mic. 6:5, that they might know the righteousness of the
Lord. By Joshua’s order they marched up to the river’s side (v. 1), and then
almighty power led them through it. They passed through the Red Sea
unexpectedly, and in their flight by night, but they have notice some time
before of their passing through Jordan, and their expectations raised. I. The
people are directed to follow the ark (v. 2-4). II. They are commanded to
sanctify themselves (v. 5). III. The priests with the ark are ordered to lead
the van (v. 6). IV. Joshua is magnified and made commander in chief (v. 7, 8).
V. Public notice is given of what God is about to do for them (v. 9–13). IV.
The thing is done, Jordan is divided, and Israel brought safely through it (v.
14–17). This was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes. Chapter
4 This chapter gives a further account of the miraculous passage of Israel
through Jordan. I. The provision that was made at that time to preserve the
memorial of it, by twelve stones set up in Jordan (v. 9) and other twelve stones
taken up out of Jordan (v. 1-8). II. The march of the people through Jordan’s
channel, the two tribes first, then all the people, and the priests that bore
the ark last (v. 10–14). III. The closing of the waters again upon their
coming up with the ark (v. 15–19). IV. The erecting of the monument in Gilgal,
to preserve the remembrance of this work of wonder to posterity (v. 20–24).
Chapter 5 Israel have now got over Jordan, and the waters which had opened
before them, to favour their march forward, are closed again behind them, to
forbid their retreat backward. They have now got footing in Canaan, and must
apply themselves to the conquest of it, in order to which this chapter tells us,
I. How their enemies were dispirited (v. 1). II. What was done at their first
landing to assist and encourage them. 1. The covenant of circumcision was
renewed (v. 2-9). 2. The feast of the passover was celebrated (v. 10). 3. Their
camp was victualled with