On November 22, 1963, it was said that everything changed. This was the day
that President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. The facts of
the J.F.K. assassination will be assessed and the many different conspiracy theories will
be explored and explained. How did one of the greatest and most influential President's
of our time become assassinated, and why? Throughout this paper the facts will be
brought to your attention and therefore you will be able to draw your own conclusions.
By midday of November 22, 1963, the skies overlooking Dallas, Texas showed
the threat of possible rain. This did not stop President Kennedy from greeting the crowds
from his open limousine. To the left of the President in the rear seat was Mrs. Kennedy.
In the driver seat was agent R. Greer of the Secret Service, next to him was agent Roy H.
Kellerman. In the backseats were Governor Connally and Mrs. Connaly. Directly behind
the Presidential limousine was a car with eight Secret Service Agents. Behind that car
was the Vice Presidential car, carrying, the Vice-president, Lyndon Johnson and his wife
Lady Bird. There were also several cars and busses for additional dignitaries, press
representatives and others.
Shortly after 11:50 a.m., the motor cade left from Love Field, and preceded
through neighborhoods, and only stopping two times at J.F.K.'s request to greet
onlookers Each time the motor cade stopped, the Secret Service men stood near the
President and Mrs. Kennedy to protect them. The motor cade then preceded down
Houston Street and directly ahead on the intersections northwest corner a seven story,
orange brick warehouse and office building, The Texas Schoolbook Depository. At
a speed of 11 miles per hour, the President's motor cade descended gradually toward a
railroad overpass, then reaching the Stemmons Freeway. The front of the Texas
Schoolbook Depository was now on the President's right. He waved to the crowd as he
passed the building. Dealey Plaza, a landscaped area marking the end of downtown
Dallas, was on the President's left.
A Secret Service Agent, whom was riding in the motorcade, radioed ahead that
the President would arrive in five minutes. As soon as the President arrived the shots
rang out in rapid fury. Kennedy's hands moved to embrace his neck as blood gushed
through his fingers onto the floor of the Presidential limousine. Kennedy appeared to
stiffen for a few seconds and he leaned forward in his seat to gasp a breath.
The crowd looked stunned with disarray. The Secret Servicemen then huddled
around the President and Mrs. Kennedy. Governor Connally was also shot and had
serious wounds. The Presidential limousine then proceeded with full speed to the
Parkland Memorial Hospital, which was a total distance of four miles. When the
President arrived at the hospital, he was immediately treated by physicians who had been
alerted of the President's arrival by the Dallas Police Department by radio from the
The doctor's noted irregular breathing movements and a possible heartbeat,
although they could not find a pulse. They examined the bloody wound in the
President's head and a smaller wound, which was 1/4 inch in diameter in the lower 1/3 of
his neck. The physicians a Tracheotomy. The physicians were so obsorbed in saving the
Presidents' life that they never turned the President over for an examination of his back.
At 1:00 p.m., the
last rights were administered by a priest, President Kennedy was pronounced dead.
Governor Connaly underwent surgery and recovered from his wounds.
When Vice - President Johnson learned of Kennedy's death he left the hospital
under close guard and flew away in the Presidential plain. At 2:38 p.m., in the central
compartment of the plain, Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 39th President of the
United States, by Federal Judge, Sarah T. Hughes. The plain landed in Washington at
5:58 p.m.. The President's body was taken to the National Naval Medical Center. There
it was given a pathological examination.
Now lets look at the different theories of how our 35th President was
assassinated. Police arrested a man named Lee Harvey Oswald, a former Marine.
Oswald was booked for the murder of President John F. Kennedy. Two days later,
Oswald was killed by Jack Ruby, while he was being moved from the city to the county
jail. Many people who witnessed the assassination, dispute the facts. Many say that they
heard shots from places besides the Book Depository. Of the one - hundred - seventy -
eight witnessed at Dealey Plaza, one hundred - thirty