This essay Independent & dependent variable has a total of 575 words and 4 pages.
Independent & dependent variable
In this study, there are four independent variables and one dependent variable.
Four independent variable are Asian vs.(バーサス) American prime culture, positive vs. negative prime valence(ベイレンス), Level of BII (high BII vs. low BII) and the strength(ストレンクス) of identification with the United States. (high vs low)
The dependent variable is the participants' external attribution ratings of the three fish display.
External attribution indicates situational inferences seen in East Asian people.
Higher level of external attribution indicates a more typical Asian attribution style
I will talk about the fish displays later.
To measure the level of BII, the researcher used the cultural distance scale of Bicultural Identity Integration Scale-Version 1(BIIS-1).
This scale contains four items that measure the degree of separation between mainstream and ethnic culture.
Participants asked to rate each items on a scale of 1 to 5. 1 means strongly disagree. 5 means strongly agree. So, higher score in this scale indicates a higher BII
1st item: I combine both cultures. It means "I feel like a mixture of Asian"
2nd item: I feel "Asian American". This is like hyphenated(ハイフネイテッド) and genetic mixture of two culture)
3rd item: I am simply an Asian in North America. This is like cultural context of race and living location. For example, "I am Asian who happens to live in the United States"
4th item: "I feel part of a combined culture"
The researcher used four types of words:
Positive words associated with Asians. For example, Hardworking or Polite. Negative words associated with Asians. For example, Superstition. (Superstition is a practice based on belief in supernatural influences.) or Nervous. Positive words associated with Americans. For example, Sporty or Confident. Negative words associated with Americans. For example, Lazy or Arrogant.
Participants are 179 first-generation and 41 second-generation Asian American biculturals and including 126 men and 94 women.
All first-generation biculturals were born in Asian countries and have lived in North America at least 5 years.
All second biculturals have parents who were first-generation immigrants from Asian countries.
Procedure: Speak slowly!!!!
There are three steps. First step is priming. Each participant was randomly asked to complete one of the four kinds of word mazes. (positive Asian, positive American, negative Asian, or negative American word maze). Each maze included 10 words and 7 of 10 words are target words (positive Asian, positive American, negative Asian, or negative American words) but the other 3 words were neutral like "excited" or "fast".
Participants were asked to circle the words in the word maze as quickly as possible.
Next step is measurement(メジャメント) of external attribution. The researcher measured(メジャード) how participants interpret(インタープレット) fish display after culture prime. Participants watch Fish Animation displays. A single fish swimming in front of a school of fish. After watching, participants evaluated the statement:"The one fish is being influenced by the group". They evaluated this statement by using a scale of 1 to 7. 1 means complete disagree and 7 means complete agree.
So, higher level in this scale means having more external attributions, more Asian attributional style.
Last steps, participants completes a demographic(デモグラフィック) questionnaire(クエスチョネア―) regarding their sex, age or country of birth....something like that.
And also the researchers measured participants' level of BII.
Q. How do you think the level of BII will become higher or lower?
They got BII
The researchers correct
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