Hypnosis

Albert Einstein reckoned that humans use only about 10% of their brains.

According to some reports, while hypnotised, we could gain access to the other

90%. Every human being who is mentally sound can be hypnotised to some degree.

You can use hypnosis for a lot of things, for instance to control weight, pain,
sleep, and to raise confidence. You can also use it to quit smoking, develop
concentration and memory. In fact, you can use it for anything that depends on
your own efforts. I) ORIGINS OF HYPNOSIS: The art and science of hypnosis is
both old and new. *Old because it was used in ancient time and has a pedigree
that stretches back to the beginning of mankind's conscious development *New
because only over the past 100 years has it been subject to the full force of
scientific scrutiny, after discovery that the unconscious mind, emotions and
personal history directly affect a person's state of mental, emotional and
physical health. A) Old origins _ Hypnosis has existed very early in religious
rituals. However, the earliest known description of hypnosis date back 6000
years to rites performed in Egyptian sleep temples. _The Indus Vedas ,a
knowledge sacred book written around 1500 BC, mentions the use of hypnotic
techniques and procedures. _According to some specialists, accounts of what we
would now call hypnosis can be found in the Bible and in the Talmud. _In the
past, hypnosis is always associated with the occult: witchdoctors and shamans
(medicine man)practised hypnosis :"ritual hypnosis and dance were integral
elements of shaman's communication with spirits". B) New origins- modern use
of hypnosis There are two leading men in the scientific study of hypnosis: _

1734-1815: Franz Anton Mesmer, born in Vienna. Mesmer is considered the father
of hypnosis. He is remembered for the term "Mesmerism" which means a person
who is raptly attentive, or who is temporally deprived of his normal conscious
qualities. He described a process of inducing trance through a series of passes
he made with his hands . He succeed in treating a considerable variety of
ailments. _ 1932-1974: Milton Erickson, a psychologist and psychiatrist
pioneered the art of indirect suggestions in hypnosis. He is considered the
father of modern hypnosis. His methods bypassed the conscious mind through the
use of both verbal and non-verbal pacing techniques including metaphor ,
confusion, and many others. He has immensely influenced the practice of
contemporary hypnotherapy. II) HYPNOSIS: A) Curent examples As long as there as
been human beings, there has been hypnosis, we use this commonly occurring state
of mind, unknowingly, all the time. It is just natural for us. _ For examples if
you have ever watched a television program or movie and become really absorbed
into the program, you were probably in trance. This trance is what caused you
not to hear your mother calling you to dinner. _ Advertisers understand this,
they use television programs to induce a hypnotic trance and then provide you
hypnotic suggestions, called commercials! _ Another common instance of this
naturally occurring state of mind is when you are driving down the road, with
your mind focused on some other task, and last thing you know: you have
forgotten to turn. That is called "Highway hypnosis". B) Definition _

Definition: Hypnosis is a mental state of heightened suggestibility,
characterised by trance like sleep. The basis of hypnosis is the fixation of the
subject attention upon a gradually narrowing source of stimulation, until he is
attendant upon only the direction of the hypnotist. _Techniques: This is
variously achieved by repetition of instructions in a low, level voice, or
having the subject fix his gaze upon a light in an otherwise dark room. The
subject remembers nothing of what he did during the hypnotic period. But certain
effects may be suggested to continue after the subject returns to consciousness,
these are called post hypnotic suggestions. _major purpose: During hypnosis, the
conscious mind is distracted, so that new, positive suggestions are more readily
accepted. According to the specialists of hypnosis ,these new constructive ideas
substitute negative old ones, therefore creating permanent beneficial changes in
your life. C) Hypnotherapy: _ What is hypnotherapy? Hypnotherapy is basically
the use of hypnosis as a medium for psychotherapy. People will either be
hypnotised by a therapist (hetero-hypnosis) or taught to hypnotise yourself
(self hypnosis) as a way of achieving personal insight. _ How does hypnotherapy
work? Essentially, there are two main aspects of hypnotic trance which are used
in psychotherapy: 1) The subconscious mind is more open to positive suggestions,
made by yourself or the hypnotherapist. 2) The mind may express itself more
directly and more