Germany: The answer to an old Question
Thesis: This paper will argue that Germany needs to secure itself as
both the economic and political hegemon of Europe inside of the European
Union; until its present condition and effectiveness in the global
politics changes, instability in the European Union, as well as, basic
fear of will always be present.
II. Historical Perspective-The two negative factors
A. Fear - twice in one century
1) Bismarck/Frederick II
III. Reunification - The Key
A. Economic realities
1) E. Germany's status
B. The significance of one Germany
IV. European Union-The means to and end
A. European "check and balance system"
1) Hope for the future
2) Provisions for success
B. The answer to a disturbing question
1) Can Germany be strong and peaceful?
2) France and England
The formation of a state can be both a
beautiful and terrifying event . As a national you now have a home and
place to live with people of a common culture and heritage, an identity.
If you are a founder of the new state, there would be a sense of
accomplishment of having achieved the fulfillment of a lifetime goal.
Other states which deemed this new state as legitimate and recognized it
as a self-determined equal, have created a potential ally or enemy.
The downside, the premature recognition and the actual struggle for that
status, usually entails conflict, loss of life, revolution and even war.
A state was formed and recognized in 1871 in the center of
Europe. This event has had an enormous impact since its inception. It
has been both the salvation of Europe through economic depressions and
hard times, as well as, the cause for two world wars and the near
decimation of Europe. Its people have been back and forth between rags
and riches, democracy and dictatorships, united, broken and then
reunited. This state is known as Germany.
Modern Germany has been reunified after almost 50 years of
separation during the cold war. Once again German power and influence
is on the rise. The world watches because Germany has not been able to
successfully retain both total sovereignty over its territory and be an
economic world power, for a substantial period of time; without plunging
the world into an unavoidable conflict. The question of Germany and its
position in world politics is one which has plagued statesmen since
Germany's formation. This paper will argue that the answer lies within
the state. Germany needs to secure itself as both the economic and
political hegemon of Europe under the auspices of the European Union.
Furthermore, until Germany's present condition and effectiveness in
global politics changes, the instability in the European Union will
continue, as well as, the persistent German question..
Twice in history Germany has risen from disorder and weakness to
stand strong and belligerent upsetting the existing world order. Can
there be any question of why the world views Germany suspiciously? In
1914, German expansionism and short-sighted diplomacy paved the way
toward an inevitable war. Germany moved from Bismarkian Diplomacy which
maintained the "status quo" in Europe and abroad, to an aggressive
militaristic imperialism which desired redistribution of global
territory. A large naval fleet was built second only to the Royal navy
(Britain) as well as a massive increase in military hardware production.
By 1913 Germany replaced Britain as the main manufacturing European
power. This fact reinforced by the aggressive nature shown in German
foreign policy obviously was not in the interest of maintaining any sort
of status quo.
The situation was far from being solved. Though Germany was
defeated was placed at the mercies of the other victorious world
powers, which were determined not have the scenario of 1914 happen
again. Unfortunately, a similar situation did develop once again with
Germany in the center. By 1938 Germany had rearmed and was aggressively
expanding both its physical and economic boarders. Adolf Hitler saw the
opportunities which a weak Europe armed with the ideas of appeasement as
a deterrent for military aggression presented to Germany.
These two historical occasions promoted a general distrust of a
strong united Germany. Both times in history after the conclusions of
the wars Germany was used for its large production capabilities and
natural resources. The first time was to