Endangered Species in Canada
There are many trillions of living creatures, and millions of
different kinds of animals and plants share our planet (pg 46, Savage).
Each Kind, or species, is special and unique. But, some of these species
are in danger of disappearing forever, just as the passenger pigeon did.
When the last member of a species disappears, that species is said to be
extinct. Never again will there be another creature of that type on the
planet for eternity. In the following essay it will be proven that Canadian
Wildlife is becoming endangered due to the actions of man.
Our Country was once filled with wildlife, and in the past, people
hunted without worrying about the future. It seemed as though there was an
unlimited amount of wildlife to be found. But overhunting has changed this
and caused the extinction of many species.
Canadian people of the past thought that if you protected animals from
hunting, that would be enough. Today we now know that we must also protect
there habitats. This is where they find food, water, shelter, and a place
to have their young. Even if they are not hunted, animals will die out if
these necessities cannot be met.
In this century, loss of habitat has been one of the main caused of
extinction (pg 8, Silverstein). People share the country and the planet
with all the other creatures that live here. As human population grows,
people spread out into areas that once were wild, and they compete with
animals for living space. Mort times than not the animals lose in this
People cut down forests for lumber, clear fields for farms, and fill
swamps to build towns, highways, and factories. Land can also be cleared
for such things as mineral extraction. Wild animals get fenced out from
areas that were once their homes. Larger animals are affected the worst
because they need large open spaces, and when these areas shrink it is much
more difficult to find food, and live without the fear of man.
When a small lot of land is cleared for a home, not much is affected.
When a whole city is built in what was once a wild area, an entire species
of animal may be endangered. People often see wild animals as a nuisance
and drive them away into the remaining wildland. But, as the Canada's
wildland disappears, there will be fewer places for the wildlife to go.
Even habitats that are left intact and not disturbed by human
intervention, may infact be unsafe for wildlife because of pollution. Oil
spills pollute the oceans and injure or kill water mammals and birds. When
farmers spray their crops with pesticides to keep insects from eating their
crops, many animals are harmed as well. Industries send out chemicals
into the air, water, and land, with no concern about what it may be doing
to the environment. Garbage dumps leak toxic chemicals into neighbouring
lakes and rivers, also affecting birds and fish. The garbage that is dumped
straight into the ocean poisons wildlife severely. Also, animals may
mistake plastics and styrofoam for food or become strangled by plastic
Not all animals environments are poisoned by accident. Some rancher,
for example, have put out poison for coyotes and wolves because these
animals sometimes kill there cattle or sheep. People and industries must
be more aware of what they are doing to the environment and how they affect
the wildlife in general.
Until recently, most people believed that the earth and everything on
it belonged to humans and that we could do whatever we wa nted with any of
the creatures that shared our planet. Human activities have driven many
species to the verge of extinction, but there have been some encouraging
examples of how society can save endangered animals. One of these is the
American bison, or buffalo.
The buffalo once was the symbol of the American wilderness. These huge
animals roamed the plains, grazing in enormous herds. There were 30 million
buffalo in the West in the 1860's. But, by 1883, hunters had killed all
but 1,00 of them (pg 14, Silverstein). Fortunately, several people had
captured some buffalo to raise in captivity. By 1890, 600 of the 700
remaining buffalo were in private hands. Growing numbers of people became
concerned that with so few buffalo left they could soon become extinct.
There are many ways that people, working through government and other
organizations, can help save our wildlife. One is to pass laws