Effects of substance abuse on adolescent

Mikayla Clements
Laurie dahley
Human behaivor and the social environment
Concordia college






Abstract
A teenager is likely to experiment with drugs and alcohol, especially during high school. Some teenagers try it and do not like it, others love it. This love for drugs and alcohol becomes a regular activity, and then a teen may become dependent on the drug or drink, and can progress to addiction. These stages of substance abuse affect one's relat ionships, health and ambitions. Families and friends are devastated when their loved one's resort to drugs and alcohol. Relationships are ruined when someone is addicted to escaping reality by distorting their mind because an addict will steal and lie to get their next high.












It has been found by many researchers that relationships and drug use are related. According to Andreas Schindler, and other researchers, mothers and fathers have a significant impact on their child's behavior. There is an excess of parents who are preoccupied and do not have time for their children, and there are others who cannot support them. This leaves the children to have less discipline in their life, making it more likely for them to use substances. There are also parents who are fully supportive and their children still use drugs, but it is less likely. (Schindler, A. 2007: Family)
The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University found that teens with stronger family ties are at a lower risk to use substances, and have substance-abusing friends. While an adolescent with weak family ties is 20% likely to use marijuana, a teen with strong family ties is only at a 5% risk to try weed. Teens with strong family ties have a very high percentage of excellent relationships with their parents, and spend time with them. Weak family ties show bad relationships with parents, terrible communication, and very little time spent together. (National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia, U. 2010).
Alia Butlera's findings are in consonance with the previous sources. Teenagers who misuse substances set adverse patterns for younger relatives. When one sibling uses substances, and another does not, they begin to grow apart. A drug abusing teen becomes very stressful for the parent. Parents often blame themselves for their child's mistakes, creating a whole new problem. (Butler: Parents)
According to the SAMA Foundation (Science and Management of Addictions,) there are copious amounts of negative effects that drugs can have on a developing adolescent brain. There are short and long-term effects of substance abuse. An example of a short-term effect would be impaired judgement (drunk driving,) and can lead to horrific accidents leaving the teen in very poor health. An example of a long-term effect is that when a still developing teen uses drugs, their progress in maturity slows, and although they get physically older, their brain does not mature at an appropriate ratio. (Weinberger, Elvevag & Giedd, The Adolescent Brain)
The U.S. Department of Justice, The Nemours Foundation, and The National Institute on Drug Abuse agree that using drugs can have negative effects on one's relationships. There can be physical violence, which can ruin a relationship in an instant. Also, when a teen becomes dependent on drugs, that teen begins to lie and steal to support his or her habit. Trust is lost, and relationships fade away. (U.S Dept of Justice. Drug abuse impact.)
Looking at this topic from a different perspective, Sandra A. Brown, and others, found that there is a link between parents using alcohol and/or drugs, and their children following in their footsteps. They believe that when seeing their parents use substances, a teen is tremendously more likely to use. Conducting a study on 147 teens along with their families, the results show that when a parent is an abuser of alcohol or drugs, the child is likely to become an abuser as well. Although there are outliers, the consensus on this matter is that parents have an enormous role in their children's lives, and their mistakes or successes can be that of their children. (Sandra A Brown, et al, Paternal Psychology.)
Dooley Worth found that people who use drugs, tend to make bad decisions. Worth finds that when