Describe how social conditions were conveyed by any 19th Century Author.

Charles (John Huffam) *censored*ens born at Portsea near Portsmouth on 7th February 1812.

Dickens had some schooling, but his real education was the streets of London. All the best scenes in his later novels deal with London Characters.

Dickens appealed to social consciousness to overcome social misery. His immense popularity gave importance to his attacks on the abuses of the law - courts and schools who object was not the education of the children but the enrichment of the proprietors
was sweeping the country.. It was the Industrial Revolution.

England witnessed riots. Workers felt their jobs were threatened by the widening introduction of machinery. Groups of unemployed men set about destroying machines and in their way created havoc and chaos.

The movement was called the Luddite movement..

In Victorian times, there was an alarming contrast between rich and poor. whilst the owners of the industries were prosperous - the workers were poorly fed and poorly housed. Their working conditions, whether in factories or mines, were appalling. even women and children could be expected to work up to fifteen hours a day, for six days a week.

Dickens, the man who many people look upon as the greatest English novelist once worked as a poor boy pasting labels on the tins of blacking. Charles never forgot this miserable and lonely time. But the experiences made him determined to succeed in life.

He was a man of the people, writing for the people. His father was a shiftless admiralty clerk and in his youth, *censored*ens experienced the direct effects of poverty, including a resident in a debtor\'s prison.

His father was often in debt and young Charles used to visit his parents in marshalsea Prison. we read about life in such prisons in one of his books, Little dorritt - imprisonment for debt, and in Pickwick Papers, the book that first brought fame to Dickens.

Dickens through his own personal experiences in children re created through the character Oliver Twist the workhouse orphan. Such theme was prompted because of the adverse effect ot the poor law in Victorian England

In all of literature it would be hard to find a more endearing hero than the workhouse orphan -Oliver Twist.

Aided only by courage and his own warm personality, he battled against drudgery, misery, exploitation - and won. His adventures in 19th Century London - its slums, its murky back alleys, its dens of crime teeming with unscrupulous villains - are as vivid and exciting today as when they first fixed the imagination of Victorian England.

Dickens created the social climate with enormous intensity from his own personal experiences of the scene at that time.

Qoute: Chapter 1;.
...Oliver twist and his companions suffered the tortures of slow starvation for three months...wild with hunger...he was afraid he might some night happen to eat the boy who slept next to him...He rose from his table Please sir, I want some more....

Dickens portrays the life of the homeless child on the streets of London. Struggling for survival. Begging and stealing..

In Nicholas Nickelby, he told of schools where boys were ill treated and half starved, and his account of Dotherboys Hall helped to close such many schools., the dehumanizing effect of business ethics\' Dombey & Son, the outdated legal system \'Dombey & Son

Bleak House\' is conferred by many leading critics to be one of Dickens\' finest achievements, It is a story love and inheritance, and its graphic depiction of the realities and costs of High Court legal actions - drawn from the authors personal knowledge and experience *censored*ens seeks to portray the everyday reality of the London of the early to mid nineteenth century.

Industrialism \' hard Times\' Imprisonment for debtLittle Dorritt and Class Distinction \' Great expectations
! n 1854 when hard Times was written, trade unions had only been legal for thirty years. There was still a strong bias against the workers in the laws governing them. Mass union action was largely impossible, and organized trade unions belonged to skilled trades only.

To gain first hand knowledge of union activities amongst the cotton workers of Preston ( The Coketown of Hard times) Dickens traveled to the Lancashire town. There has been a strike there lasting several weeks.

Dickens attacks the town environment in the novel the depiction of Coketown with its awful