Cloning


Should we clone humans?
Cloning humans has become a possibility that seems easier in today's society than it was
twenty years ago. It is a method that involves the production of a group of identical cells or
organisms that all derive from a single individual (Grolier 220). It is not known when or how
cloning humans really became a possibility, but it is known that there are two possible ways that
we can clone humans. The first way involves splitting an embryo into several halves and creating
many new individuals from that embryo. The second method of cloning a human involves taking
cells from an already existing human being and cloning them, in turn creating other individuals
that are identical to that particular person. These are two methods we should think about and
ask ourselves if we should clones humans. The overall idea of cloning humans is one that we
should accept as a possible reality for the future.
Although we cannot clone a human yet, this experiment occurred almost two years ago.
Evidence from these experiments got strange reactions from the public. Shannon Brownlee
claims, The Vatican condemned the technology of this experiment as being perverse; one
German magazine called the research unscupulous (24). This experiment opend the possibilities
of cloning to society and, even though it was unseccessful, it led people to ask themselves what
they would do if cloning were to happen. Common answers to the puzzling questions about
humans and cloning are still trying to be answered today, and scientists and the public are eager
to learn all they can about cloning. Many sources state that cloning is just simply an extension of
in vitro fertalization. In fact, it is ,and many couples that can not have babies should take this into
mind.
Cloning embryos is different from the genetic process of in vitro fertilization, but still
holds many similarities with it. For example, the process of in vitro fertilization is pretty
straightfoward. It involves taking an egg from the woman and taking sperm from the man. The
embryo is then formed and implanted into the woman's uterus. The embryo develops normally
and is born with unpredictable characteristics of both the man and the woman. The offspring
ends up as unique individual and excluding the special case of twins, has no other human bein
exactly like it. It uses one embryo that is from the beginning a distinct individual and creates only
one human that is basically completely original. Cloning also goes through this same process, but
it is unlike in vitro fertilization in that it takes the same type embryo and destroys its originality
through duplication. Research on in vitro fertilization helps to improve its techniques and also
aids scientists in their search for better ways to clone humans. Barbara Ehrenreich makes a
statement that seems to be quite sarcastic in its context, but it describes the way the society's
attitude if cloning were to happen, she state, Why not make a few backup copies of the
embryo and keep a few in the freezer in case Junior needs a new kidney or cornea (86). I think
that if this happens a type of black market for embryo could easily someday develop, who
knows. Some people see this on the negative side when it could actually help our society.
On the positive side of this issue, however, embryonic cloning could be a valuable tool for
the studying of human development, genetically modifying embryos, and investigating new
transplant technologies (Hamilton 42). Using cloning to produce offspring for the sake of their
organs is an issue that we must also face and question whether or not it is morally right. No one
will say that it is okay to kill a human being for the sake of their organs, but many have no
objection to cloning thousands of individuals that look alike. Technology seems to take away many
of the morals that we have worked so hard to install in society. Most people only seem to want to
cater to their own needs and do not bother to consider the consequences that society and the
clone may have to face. The issue of in vitro fertilization among embryos only leads the public to
fear what may happen once cloning takes over, if it does.
With the issue