Beethoven Berlioz And Chopin
Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in 1770 to Johann van Beethoven
and his wife, Maria Magdalena. He took his first music lessons from his father,
who was tenor in the choir of the archbishop-elector of Cologne. His father was
an unstable, yet ambitious man whose excessive drinking, rough temper and
anxiety surprisingly did not diminish Beethoven's love for music. He studied
and performed with great success, despite becoming the breadwinner of his
household by the time he was 18 years old. His father's increasingly serious
alcohol problem and the earlier death of his grandfather in 1773 sent his family
into deepening poverty. At first, Beethoven made little impact on the musical
society, despite his father's hopes. When he turned 11, he left school and
became an assistant organist to Christian Gottlob Neefe at the court of Bonn,
learning from him and other musicians. In 1783 he became the continuo player for
the Bonn opera and accompanied their rehearsals on keyboard. In 1787, he was
sent to Vienna to take further lessons from Mozart. Two months later, however,
he was called back to Bonn by the death of his mother. He started to play the
viola in the Opera Orchestra in 1789, while also teaching in composing. He met

Haydn in 1790, who agreed to teach him in Vienna, and Beethoven then moved to

Vienna permanently. He received financial support from Prince Karl Lichnowsky,
to whom he dedicated his Piano Sonata in C minor, better known as The Path?tique
♪. He performed publicly in Vienna in 1795 for the first time, and
published his Op. 1 and Op. 2 piano sonatas. His works are traditionally divided
into three periods. The first is called the Viennese Classical, the second is
the Heroic, and the third is Late Beethoven. In the first period, his
individuality and style gradually developed, as he used many methods from Haydn,
including the use of silence. He composed mainly for the piano during this
period. These works include Symphony no. 1 in C (1800), his first six string
quartets, and the Path?tique (1799). His Moonlight Sonata in C# minor (1801) is
known as the first of Heroic Beethoven. Beethoven learned that he would become
deaf in 1802 and suffered sever depression. His composing skills were not
affected by his deafness, but his ability to teach and perform was inhibited. It
is said that he became deaf from his habit of pouring cold water over his head
while composing, to refresh himself, and then not drying his massive amounts of
hair afterwards. He wrote his only opera, Fidelio in 1805. The main theme of the
opera revolves around fidelity, which reflects his personal desire to marry.

Other works in the Heroic period include the Kreuzer Sonata (1803), symphonies 3
? 7, the Violin Concerto in D major (1806), the Razumovsky Quartets (1806),
the Emperor Concerto (1809) and the Archduke Trio, Op. 97 (1811). After 1813,
during his Late period, Beethoven composed inwardly. He was totally deaf, as
this is sometimes known as the "silent period." Some say that Beethoven was
composing music for a different age. His life became more chaotic and he
composed less and less. In his works, he used more miniaturization and
expansion. The music began to become "odd" as he began to experiment with
the number of movements, contrast in volume and dynamics, harmonic
predictability, sonata movements and trills in his works. Beethoven became
increasingly argumentative as he was further tormented by his deafness. Goethe
described his attitude as aggressive, and perhaps understandable, but not easy
to live with. He gave his last performance in 1814, on the piano, but continued
to be a respected composer in Viennese society. Some of his late achievements
include the Diabelli Variations (1820-1823), the last piano sonatas and six
string quartets, the Mass in D major, Missa Solemnis (1823), the Choral

Symphony, no. 9 (1824), in which he set Schiller's "Ode to Joy" in the
final movement. At Beethoven's death in 1827, Franz Grillparzer best described
him during his funeral address when he said: "despite all these absurdities,
there was something so touching and ennobling about him that one could not help
admiring him and feeling drawn to him." Berlioz Louis Hector Berlioz was born
on December 11, 1803, in La Cote-Saint-Andre, a very small town in the east of

France, fairly close to Grenoble, and a little further from Lyon. His father was
a very respected doctor, an openly declared atheist and also a music lover. His
mother was a Catholic. He was brought up under strict Catholicism as a boy, but
soon left the Church