Art and Culture Paper

Amber Williamson

Art 125

Jamie Welch

The role of diversity in the development of the arts and how it changed
throughout the 20th century in America

Art and culture define humanity as a whole. For as long as societies
have created Art, its Cultures have been shaped and enchanted by it. Art
can be expressed many ways. Art can be verbal and non-verbal, written,
acted, painted and emotionally expressed. Art is an idea such as love and
freedom of expression. It is as if every part of our being human is
dictated by our Artistic creativity. Art makes generation what they are and
explicitly defines their Culture. Americans have long had Art as part of
their short history. From the 16th century Art paintings with European
ancestry to the 21st century Art of modern ideology. It is a cultural
phenomenon that makes us enjoy every gratifying moment on earth. Culture is
also crucial to our development. It defines us as who we are and what we
believe. Art and Culture define every generation.
What were the role of women and their influence on the various arts?
Women play an important part in the development of Art in America. In
the 16th and 17th century women did not have the access to the training
that was needed to become a professional artist. Most women artist during
this time were family members of successful male artists. In the 19th
century, women started to become a force on the American art scene. The
started winning prestigious commissions and awards. Women also participated
in notable exhibitions, they taught in art schools and wrote as art
critics. During the 20th century, women had major roles in artistic
movements like abstraction, expressionism, and minimalism. Even though
women had this major part in these movements, they were often overshadowed
by the male artists. In the 1970's, The Feminist Art Movement embraced
different methods to transform the status quo in the art world. They
challenged the unequal representation of women and fought for the rights of
women to reflect on female experience within art. There is a National
Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, DC that recognizes the
achievements of female artists throughout history. The museum shows many
diverse exhibitions in addition to about 4,500 pieces from over 1,000
female artists. ("20th Century-National Museum of Women In The
Arts", 2014)
What were the role of ethnic minorities and their influence on the
various arts?
It wasn't until the twentieth century that minorities began to get
recognized for their pieces. Between periods of the 17th century and the
early 19th century, African American art took a form of small drums,
quilts, wrought-iron figures and ceramic vessels. In the 1920's and 1930's,
America experienced the Harlem Renaissance. This was the first major public
recognition of African-American culture. African-American music,
literature, and art gained wide notice throughout the nation. Jazz, swing,
and blues entered the American popular music. Famous artist such as William
H. Johnson and Palmer Hayden created beautiful and unique pieces of artwork
that featured African Americans. In the 1960's, black American artists
began to organize protests against mainstream museums that ignored black
art. They began to form their own collectives, museums, and they
independently organized shows. Black artist began to develop multiple
strategies for envisioning blackness and signifying black life, experience,
and identity in modern America.
In the late 1960's and 1970's, the protest within the black and
feminist art that embodied them had high expectations within other ethnic
groups including, Native American and Chicano artists. They were also
seeking cultural validation in modern American. Many of these artist took
modern art styles and subjects to challenge age-old racist representation
of American Indians. These artist tried to develop diverse modern
strategies that transformed traditional Indian painting that eliminated the
ethnic and artistic stereotypes.
Chicano art was also trying to have a hand in art and culture in the
American culture. In the early twentieth century the Mexican mural movement
espoused social justice in Social Realist styles. These artist developed
collaborative, community encouraging projects to raise consciousness about
racist stereotypes and receive American histories. In the 1980's there were
still many battles over public art and culture. American artists continued
to revamp and redefine modern art.
How did culture and art influence each other?
In the early twentieth century art began to change as many movements
and countries re-evaluated aesthetic, technique, color, media, meaning, and
many other aspects. Impressionist in the late 19th century helped open the
flood gates for other movements