Animal Testing

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Animal Testing
Using animals for testing is wrong and should be banned. They
have rights just as we do. Twenty-four hours a day humans are using
defenseless animals for cruel and most often useless tests. The
animals have no way of fighting back. This is why there should be new
laws to protect them. These legislations also need to be enforced more
regularly. Too many criminals get away with murder.
Although most labs are run by private companies, often
experiments are conducted by public organizations. The US government,
Army and Air force in particular, has designed and carried out many
animal experiments. The purposed experiments were engineered so that
many animals would suffer and die without any certainty that this
suffering and death would save a single life, or benefit humans in
anyway at all; but the same can be said for tens of thousands of other
experiments performed in the US each year. Limiting it to just
experiments done on beagles, the following might sock most people: For
instance, at the Lovelace Foundation, Albuquerque, New Mexico,
experimenters forced sixty-four beagles to inhale radioactive Strontium
90 as part of a larger ^Fission Product Inhalation Program^ which began
in 1961 and has been paid for by the US Atomic Energy Commission. In
this experiment Twenty-five of the dogs eventually died. One of the
deaths occurred during an epileptic seizure; another from a brain
hemorrhage. Other dogs, before death, became feverish and anemic, lost
their appetites, and had hemorrhages. The experimenters in their
published report, compared their results with that of other experiments
conducted at the University of Utah and the Argonne National Laboratory
in which beagles were injected with Strontium 90. They concluded that
the dose needed to produce ^early death^ in fifty percent of the sample
group differed from test to test because the dogs injected with
Strontium 90 retain more of the radioactive substance than dogs forced
to inhale it. Also, at the University of Rochester School Of Medicine
a group of experimenters put fifty beagles in wooden boxes and
irradiated them with different levels of radiation by x-rays.
Twenty-one of the dogs died within the first two weeks. The
experimenters determined the dose at which fifty percent of the animals
will die with ninety-five percent confidence. The irritated dogs
vomited, had diarrhea, and lost their appetites. Later, they
hemorrhaged from the mouth, nose, and eyes. In their report, the
experimenters compared their experiment to others of the same nature
that each used around seven hundred dogs. The experimenters said that
the injuries produced in their own experiment were ^Typical of those
described for the dog^ (Singer 30). Similarly, experimenters for the
US Food and Drug Administration gave thirty beagles and thirty pigs
large amounts of Methoxychlor (a pesticide) in their food, seven days a
week for six months, ^In order to insure tissue damage^ (30). Within
eight weeks, eleven dogs exhibited signs of ^abnormal behavior^
including nervousness, salivation, muscle spasms, and convolutions.
Dogs in convultions breathed as rapidly as two hundred times a minute
before they passed out from lack of oxygen. Upon recovery from an
episode of convulsions and collapse, the dogs were uncoordinated,
apparently blind, and any stimulus such as dropping a feeding pan,
squirting water, or touching the animals initiated another convulsion.
After further experimentation on an additional twenty beagles, the
experimenters concluded that massive daily doses of Methoxychlor
produce different effects in dogs from those produced in pigs. These
three examples should be enough to show that the Air force beagle
experiments were in no way exceptional. Note that all of these
experiments, according to the experimenters^ own reports, obviously
caused the animals to suffer considerably before dying. No steps were
taken to prevent this suffering, even when it was clear that the
radiation or poison had made the animals extremely sick. Also, these
experiments are parts of series of similar experiments, repeated with
only minor variations, that are being carried out all over the
country. These experiments Do Not save human lives or improve them in
any way. It was already known that Strontium 90 is unhealthy before
the beagles died; and the experimenters who poisoned dogs and pigs with
Methoxychlor knew beforehand that the large amounts they were feeding
the animals (amounts no human could ever consume) would cause damage.
In any case, as the differing results they obtained on pigs and dogs
make it clear, it is not possible to reach any firm conclusion about
the effects of a substance on humans from tests on other species. The
practice of experimenting