The definition of Utopia is "no place."
A Utopia is an ideal society in which the social, political, and economic
evils afflicting human kind have been wiped out. This is an idea displayed
in communist governments. In the novel, Animal Farm, by George Orwell Old
Major's ideas of a Utopia are changed because of Napoleon's bad leadership.
Old Major explains his dreams and ideas
to all the animals before he dies. At his speech all the animals go to
hear what Old Major has to say. This happens on the night that Mr. Jones
comes home drunk. Old Major explains his ideas to all the animals:
Man is the only creature that consumes
without producing. He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too
weak to pull the plow, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet
he is lord of all the animals. (p.19)
This speech gets all the animals riled
up and sends the toughts of getting rid of man. Old Major then teaches
them the song the Beasts of England which teaches them the "great" life
without man and with no more bad leaders:
Beasts of England, beasts of Ireland,
Beasts of every land and clime,
Hearken to my joyful tidings,
Of the golden future time.
Soon or late the day is coming,
Tyrant Man shall be o'erthrown,
And the fruitful fields of England,
Shall be trod by beasts alone.
Rings shall vanish from our noses,
And the harness from our back,
Bit and spur shall rust forever,
Cruel whips no more shall crack.
Riches more than mind can picture,
Wheat and barley, oats and hay,
Clover, beans, and mangel-wurzels
Shall be ours upon the day...(p.22-23)
After the song the animals were even more
excited. They sing the song so loud it wakes Mr. Jones up. Mr. Jones starts
firing his gun into the darkness. This quickly scatters the animals.
Three days later Old Major dies so Snowball
and Napoleon take over but Napoleon wants all the power. Snowball does
a lot of research and planing but Napoleon wants to take over completely
by himself. So Napoleon frames Snowball so he can become the leader. Orwell
tells about the meeting to discuss the windmill:
By the time he had finished speaking, there
was no dought as to which way the vote would go. But just at this moment
Napoleon stood up and...uttered a high pitched whimper of a kind no one
had ever heard...nine enormous dogs wearing brass studded collars came...they
dashed strait for snowball. (P.57)
This scene shows Napoleon is a tyrant and
wants all the power to himself and that he has been sneaky. Napoleon has
trained nine mean attack dogs for his protection and other purposes. This
foreshadows some of his later actions. Later Napoleon starts to become
a hypocrite and tries to erase old memories and ideas that were not his
own when he went against his own rules by going into Mr. Jones house:
Nevertheless, some of the animals were
disturbed when they heard that the pigs not only took their meals in the
kitchen and used the drawing-room as a recreation room, but also slept
in beds...Boxer passed it off as usual with "Napoleon is always right!",
But Clover, who thought she remembered a definite ruling against beds,
went to the end of the barn and tried to puzzle out the Seven Commandments
which were inscribed there. Finding herself unable to read more than individual
letters, she fetched Muriel.
"Muriel," she said, "read me the fourth
commandment. Does it not say something about never sleeping in a bed?"
With some difficulty Muriel spelt it out.
"It says, 'No animal shall sleep in a bed
with sheets,'" she announced finally.(p.69)
Clover did not remember the fourth commandment
saying anything about sheets. The pigs were also seen eating in a kitchen
and playing in the drawing-room, even though Napoleon was against all of
this in the beginning he became a big part of these activities. From this
scene some animals are starting to notice their "Equal and Perfect" world
is becoming not so equal any more.
As the years pass by there are more incidents
that prove, Napoleon wants to have more power. Also the "Utopia" idea is
going away. Napoleon uses Snowball to blame for all his problems. When
the windmill is first destroyed he explains: "Comrades,"Do you know who
is responsible for this? Do you know who has come in the night and overthrown
our windmill? Snowball!!" (p.72)
Napoleon says this when in reality the
storm knocked the thin walls down. Also after this scene Napoleon takes
more rations when food is low. Napoleon