Death Marches


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death marches Holocaust

The delineation of human life is perceiving existence through resolute contrasts.  The difference between day and night is defined by an absolute line of division.  For the Jewish culture in the twentieth century, the dissimilarity between life and death is bisected by a definitive line - the Holocaust.  Accounts of life during the genocide of the Jewish culture emerged from within the considerable array of Holocaust survivors, among of which are Elie Wiesels Night and Simon Wiesenthals The Sunflower.  Both accounts of the Holocaust diverge in the main concepts in each work; Wiesel and Wiesenthal focus on different aspects of their survivals.  Aside from the themes, various aspects, including perception, structure, organization, and flow of arguments in each work, also contrast from one another.  Although both Night and The Sunflower are recollections of the persistence of life during the Holocaust, Elie Wiesel and Simon Wiesenthal focus on different aspects of their existence during the atrocity in their corresponding works.
Elie Wiesel, winner of the 1986 Nobel Peace Prize, wrote Night with the notion for society to advance its understanding of the Holocaust.  The underlying theme of Night is faith.  Elie Wiesel, for the majority of this work, concerns the faith and survival of his father, Chlomo Wiesel.  The concept of survival intertwines with faith, as survival is brought upon Elies faith in his father.  Both Elie and Chlomo are affected in the same manner as their Jewish society.  The self-proclaimed superman race of the German Nazis suppress and ultimately decimate the Jewish society of its time.  Elie and Chlomo, alongside their Jewish community, were regarded as subhumans in a world supposedly fit for the Nazi conception.  The oppression of Elie and Chlomo begins in 1944, when the Germans constrain the Jews of Sighet into two ghettos.  During the time of Nazi supremacy, Elie and Chlomo are forced to travel to various concentration camps, including Birkenau, Auschwitz, and Buchenwald.  

The determining concern of survival confronts both Elie and Chlomo throughout Night.  The concept of survival is illustrated by the complications brought upon Elie and Chlomo.  Elie and Chlomo believe they could only survive the concentration camps with one another; the father-and-son link was held together for the survival of each other.  One complication in particular, was the instance when the SS officers separate Chlomo from Elie during a selection at Gleiwitz, as it was [t]he weak, to the left; those who could walk well, to the right.  My father was sent to the left (Wiesel 91).  Elie, fearing separation from his father, tries to overcome this problem by running after him.  However, with several SS officers running toward Elie in order to constrain him, many people from the left were able to come back to the right and among them, my father and myself (Wiesel 91).  Elies act of improvisation allowed him to remain alongside his father.
The raw act of survival itself confronted both Elie and Chlomo several times in Night.  At one point during the march to Gleiwitz, the mass was allowed to rest.  However, if the victims were not ready to form their ranks, the SS officers would shoot the resting bodies to death.  To overcome this complication for survival, Chlomo decides that Elie should sleep, while Chlomo would awaken him when ranks were to be formed.  Elie refused, while [his] father ... was gently dozing. ... [He] could not see his eyes (Wiesel 85).  Elie, attentive during this time, was able to awaken his father in order to form ranks.  The tactic to watch his father sleep allowed both victims to form ranks upon the SS officers commands; thus, Elie and Chlomo overcame their difficulty of sleep and death.

The concept of survival advances Elie Wiesels theme of Night faith.  The process of surviving alongside his father allows Elie to bury faith in his very fathers existence.  The most significant event in Night is when Elie injects faith into his father, even though he renounces his faith in God.  During his first night at Birkenau, Elie states, Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky. ... Never shall I forgot those moments ... more

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Alexander The Great

Introduction
Alexander III, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, was one of the greatest military leaders in world history. He was born in Pella, Macedonia, then a Greek nation. The exact date of his birth is uncertain, but was probably either July 20 or 26, 356 B.C. Alexander was considered a child from his birth until 341 B.C. His princehood lasted from 340 to 336 B.C. In 336 B.C. Philip II, his father, was assassinated, thus making Alexander king.
Alexander became a military leader in 335, and remained one until his death in 323 B.C. He reigned from 336 B.C. until 323 B.C., when he died. His military campaign in Persia lasted from 334 to 329, and in 328 he began his campaign in India and Bactria, which lasted until 326. Alexander was only 20 years old when his father died in early 336 B.C. and he took over, ruling for 12 years and eight months.
Alexander was fair skinned and fair haired. He was not very tall, but had outstanding speed and stamina. He was a dedicated soldier, but didnt care for sports. The only sport he really liked was hunting.
Alexander was the eldest son of Philip II and Olympias. Like Alexander, Philip II was a great general. Olympias and Philip, when Philip was not away on a campaign, constantly fought. His father was away often, and so much of his childhood influences came from his mother, although his father taught him many useful things about war. Because of his mothers heritage, Alexander could truthfully claim relation to two Trojan War heroes, Achilles and, indirectly, Hector. Philip II taught him he was descended from Hercules, which was not true. The historian Callisthenes started an untrue rumor that Alexander was the son of Zeus.
Alexander had seven wives and a male lover. In 327 B.C. he married Roxanne, his main wife, so to speak. Roxanne was a Persian, and by the time he married her, Alexander had total control of Persia and was doing his campaigns in India and Bactria. Roxanne later became pregnant with a child, but when Alexander died it had not yet been born.
*center*Alexanders Childhood
When Alexander was either 13 or 14(different sources gave different ages), Alexander became the pupil of the great philosopher Aristotle. Aristotle taught Alexander grammar, literature, especially Homer, politics, the natural sciences, and rhetoric(the art of using words well and effectively). Aristotle inspired Alexander with a love for literature. He came to know and like the Greek styles of living. Greeces ideals of civilization impressed him, and took part in sports and daily exercises to develop a strong body.
Alexander had another teacher, Leonidas, whom was hired by Philip II to train and discipline Alexanders body. Leonidas sent Alexander on frequent all night marches and rationed his food. Alexanders schooling with his two teachers continued until he was 16 years old.
When Alexander was 16, his father went away to a military campaign. He left Alexander temporarily in charge of his kingdom. While Philip II was away, the people of Thrace started a rebellion. Alexander found out about this rebellion, and crushed it. This rather impressed Philip II, and he let Alexander settle his first town, Alexandropolis. This city, as is probably quite self-evident, was named for Alexander. In Greek, polis means city, so this means Alexander city. At this age, Alexander also had an interest in medicine. He even prescribed medicine to some of his friends.
The Story of Bucephales
When Alexander was either 11 or 12 or 14(there are differing accounts), he went with his father and his fathers company while they went to buy a horse. After a while, Philip saw a horse that he wanted. He soon saw that it was very mean and wild, so he decided against buying it.
When Alexander learned of this decision, he said to his father,What a horse they are losing, and all because they do not know how to handle it, or dare not try.
To this Philip II responded,Are you finding fault with your elders because you think you know more than they do, or can manage a horse better?
At least I can manage this one better,Alexander replied.
Alexander then decided to show the company he could calm this ... more

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