Chants


Find More Chants

Looking for essays on chants? We have thousands of essays on this topic and more.

chants women in music

History shows that women were not as big of participants in music as men until later in the medieval era.  This is due to many obstacles that faced women disabling them from singing, playing any instruments, or even composing music.  Although barriers were present, many women and nuns were able to surpass them, and make use of their abilities and skills.  
Women composers had many barriers to pass in order to be able to use their skills and compose music and chants.  One main obstacle blocking their way was the inability to learn and understand the art and sciences due to the lack of schooling.  Education was vital for such musicians; especially that acceleration of specialization in western music broke many of the traditional links between women and music.  The complexity required notation, sometimes separating the composer from those who performed the score.  Development of musical establishments and institutions, to which women were denied access, was a main obstacle in the way of women who desire to pursue their musical interest.
Women were required to fulfill their "traditional roles ", and forget the idea of pursuing music.  As illustrated in a dialogue between Christine de Pisan and Reason:
[Christine]"My lady, since they [women] have minds skilled in conceptualizing and learning, just like men, why don't women learn more?"
She [Reason] replied, "Because, my daughter, the public does not require them to get involved in the affairs which men are commissioned to execute.  It is enough for women to perform the usual duties to which the are ordained."  (Marshall, 141)
These "usual duties" were meant to be those of keeping a house and mothering children; they did not include developing specialized musical skills.  It is easy to explain the scarcity of musical works by women as a result of the educational and social obstacles confronting female musicians.  However, few clearly managed to overcome these obstacles and their creativity remains largely unacknowledged because of the way modern scholarship has interpreted surviving evidence about them.  Many women who had created their own music, either through financial patronage or personal influence have been classified as "sponsors' and thereby denied credit as active participants in the creative process.
Many of the women who performed polyphonic psalms, mass propers, and motets were nuns.  Music functioned as the literal and symbolic projection of nuns' voices into the world of the urban patriciate whence they had come.  In Federigo Borrowmeo's view, nuns represented "the most select portion of the flock of Christ," a special status of holy virgins consecrated to God.  Their monasteries were characterized by several features that reinforced this idea.  The most notable feature is the physical separation by means of a wall in the primary space for musical performance, the monastic church.  The ritual space of female monastic choirs, thus distanced from the outside world, provided an earthly prefiguration of the heavenly Jerusalem in the eyes (and ears) of the holy father and many of his lay contemporaries.
Women were able to surpass the obstacles they were facing, and still were able to perform and compose music.  Women played an important role in music during the medieval era.  Although they were not accepted socially, but by time, they moved along and followed what they believed in, and eventually, got it.



Bibliography:

BIBLIOGRAPHY:
1. Marshall, Kimberly.  "Women's Musical Traditions"
2. Kamien, Roger.  "Music An Appreciation"



... more

chants

Research on Chants

  1. Open Free Essay
    Launch Free Essay and search for "Chants" to start researching.
  2. Find the perfect essay
    Choose from tons of different essay in various lengths, styles and themes. Find the perfect Chants essay to find and customize for your brainstorming needs.
  3. Brainstorm ideas and themes
    Use the essays you found on Chants and extract the ideas from them. Use those ideas for the basis of your own essay.
  4. Cite your essay
    Remember to cite any essays you used for your new essay.
Start a New Essay on Chants

Find essay on Chants

oediphus the king

                                   Oedipus the King
Oedipus the King starts in the legend where Oedipus, king of Thebes, is trying get rid of the plague in his city. Oedipus sends Creon to the oracles at Delphi to get the answer to the city's problems. Creon is away for a long time, and he returns with   Teiresias, the blind prophet. They repeat the oracles' statement: the plague will end only when Laios' murderer is discovered. Sophocles tells the events in order and finally unmask Oedipus as the murderer. That Oedipus acted like he didnt know anything about this was irrelevant; he feels he must be punished for his terrible crime, and so in his despair he blinds himself. His wife and mother Iocaste hangs herself. Creon ascends the throne of Thebes, and Oedipus goes into exile.
A priest of Thebes slowly advances toward Oedipus. He is hesitant and cautious before this famous person. You realize that Oedipus isn't looked up to just because he's the king; he's genuinely admired and respected. The priest speaks urgently, informing the king that the city of Thebes, once prosperous, is now in ruin. A mysterious, unnatural plague has settled on the countryside, causing unborn children to die, and the cattle to get sick. Perhaps today you'd look to science for a solution to such a calamity. In Sophocles' time, however, there would have been no doubt in anyone's mind that there are religious causes for this misery.
It appears that these people have come to seek comfort and advice from Oedipus, the "wisest in the ways of God." Oedipus, after all, solved the riddle of the Sphinx. Surely, they feel, Oedipus can now find a remedy for the plague. Only Oedipus can restore Thebes to its former glory.
Oedipus is genuinely touched by the spectacle of his suffering "children." He promises to investigate the unknown cause of the deadly plague. In fact, like any effective leader, he's already taken action. He explains that he's sent Creon, brother of his wife, Queen Iocaste, to the sacred city of Delphi to ask the oracles for a pledge that might yet save the city from destruction. Oedipus is worried, however, that Creon has been gone too long. Just then, Creon rushes in with a troubled expression on his face.
This revelation is a huge shock among the Theban citizens. But Oedipus,  immediately presses for more specific information. He demands that Creon name the man responsible for the crime but Creon can only repeat the story of the crime as it was told to him by the oracles: Laios, who was king of Thebes before Oedipus, went on a religious pilgrimage. On the road he was brutally attacked by a band of highwaymen. The former king and his servants, save one who escaped to spread word of the crime, were killed or left to die. Directly following Laios' murder, new problems arose in Thebes, and there was never a chance to hunt down the killers and avenge the murder.
Oedipus is outraged by this tale, and he resolves to avenge the murder of Laios personally. He has several motives for this: 1. personal safety: the murderer could reappear at any moment to kill him as well; 2. public duty: as king he must avenge the city and the city's god; 3. moral concern: for everyone's sake it will be good to be rid of evil.
The Prologue concludes, however, with a note of joyous celebration. The suppliants and priests gather up their ceremonial olive boughs and fig branches. They rejoice, certain that Oedipus will expose the murderer and save the city from inevitable ruin. Oedipus himself exits proudly, reminding his followers that he will do all he can to unmask the murderer:
The Prologue is traditionally followed in Greek tragedy by the Parados, where the Chorus enters. As the "ideal spectator" of these events, this group of actors represents the community and speaks directly to the audience.
First the Chorus restates poetically that Thebes is dying because of the unexplained plague; that the gods must swiftly- but mercifully- intervene to save the city. The Chorus then prays to the gods, asking them to relieve the city from despair. The first antistrophe ... more

chants

FAQ

What long should essays be?

Generally, the length requirements are indicated in your assignment sheet. It can be words, paragraphs, or pages given as a range (300–500 words) or a particular number (5 pages). If you are not sure about your essay’s length, the number-one tip is to clarify it with your tutor. Also, if you’re not sure how to write an essay, we have a detailed guide on that topic, just follow the link.

What makes an effective essay?

An essay should have a single clear central idea. Each paragraph should have a clear main point or topic sentence. ... An essay or paper should be organized logically, flow smoothly, and "stick" together. In other words, everything in the writing should make sense to a reader.

What should be included on an essay?

A basic essay consists of three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. Following this format will help you write and organize an essay. However, flexibility is important. While keeping this basic essay format in mind, let the topic and specific assignment guide the writing and organization.

What They say About Free Essay

I also want to thank http://freeessay.com , pantip and wikipedia for make it happens. #storytelling

@Gusgustt

Browse Essays

  • C: Siddhartha C: Siddhartha Siddhartha Siddhartha had one single goal - to become empty, to become empty of thirst, desire, dreams, pleasure and sorrow - to let the Self die. No longer to be Self, to experience the peace of an emptied heart, to experience pure thought - that was his goal. When all the Self was conquered and dead, when all passions and desires were silent, then the last must awaken, the innermost of Being that is no longer Self - the great secret (14) Siddhartha, according to his actions, was constantly in ...
  • H: Women in music H: Women in music women in music History shows that women were not as big of participants in music as men until later in the medieval era. This is due to many obstacles that faced women disabling them from singing, playing any instruments, or even composing music. Although barriers were present, many women and nuns were able to surpass them, and make use of their abilities and skills. Women composers had many barriers to pass in order to be able to use their skills and compose music and chants. One main obstacle ...
  • A: Oediphus the king A: Oediphus the king oediphus the king Oedipus the King Oedipus the King starts in the legend where Oedipus, king of Thebes, is trying get rid of the plague in his city. Oedipus sends Creon to the oracles at Delphi to get the answer to the city\'s problems. Creon is away for a long time, and he returns with Teiresias, the blind prophet. They repeat the oracles\' statement: the plague will end only when Laios\' murderer is discovered. Sophocles tells the events in order and finally unmask Oedipus as the murderer. Tha...
  • N: An Evening with Pagans N: An Evening with Pagans An Evening with Pagans Over 25,000 years ago, our ancestors across the continent practiced an ancient form of religion known as paganism. During the Neolithic and Paleolithic time era, our ancestors were in awe of the great manifestations of nature. Due to lack of scientific thought, they were riddled with ignorance and superstition. Everything had a supernatural They associated each naturalistic phenomena with a type of god, inscribing inanimate objects with life -like characteristics .This pra...
  • T: The names of the various styles and types of music T: The names of the various styles and types of music The names of the various styles and types of music culturally associated with my country are at first there is folk music and then there is urban music then comes all the advanced music which is mostly are immitated from American music. But the music that would define my country is folk music and most of the folk music are sang by the poor people in the country but some of the rich people also sings folk music but they consider singing it as a hobby. But the popular folk music in Bangladesh are ...
  • S: Significance Of Ritual In North American Indian Re S: Significance Of Ritual In North American Indian Re Significance Of Ritual In North American Indian Religion Significance of Ritual in North American Indian Religion Submitted by: Dan Xxxxxxxx, November 12, 1996 Submitted to: Dr. John X. Xxxxxxx RELST 110.6.01 When scholars study religion, the tendency exists to focus on the mythological aspects of the religion in an attempt to understand the major underlying concepts present. However, an equally rewarding study often can be accomplished through the careful analysis of the religion\'s ritual aspe...
  • Ambient Music And The Impulse Towards Deconstructi Ambient Music And The Impulse Towards Deconstructi Ambient Music And The Impulse Towards Deconstruction Out of Light - cometh Darkness, dark ambient music and the impulse towards deconstruction 2000 Daniel du Prie 1. These recordings may be seen as a notation of our deadminded society, but not as a reaction against it, we will all become ambient dead heads, if not... (Archon Satani, In Shelter, liner note, 1994) If not, then ellipsis. The conditional clause of fact, followed by an open-ended ellipsis, where not only the conjunction between ...
  • Compare and contrast the music of the Medieval, Re Compare and contrast the music of the Medieval, Re Compare and contrast the music of the Medieval, Rennaissance, and Baroque periods Music throughout the ages has changed dramatically. Starting in the Medieval period, from 400-1475, music was in the form of what is called the Gregorian chant. Instruments were very rarely used at this time. Since songs during this period were either troubadour or trouvere these chants had no real harmony. One example of this type of medieval composition is Viderunt Omnes by Leoninus. Like most Gregorian chants ...
  • The Australian Outback can be a serious lifestyle The Australian Outback can be a serious lifestyle The Australian Outback can be a serious lifestyle change for city people. The Natives living in Alice Springs make visitors feel very welcome. Alice Springs is located in the Northern Territory State of Australia. Alice Springs is a small town in the Outback, which is very dry and has desert like surroundings. The Outback is behind times from the modern world, activities are very limited, for example, television is only on four hours a day and the park is miles away from the town. Most of the ti...
  • Afghanistan: Life under the Taliban Afghanistan: Life under the Taliban Afghanistan: Life under the Taliban Afghanistan is one of the poorest and most troubled countries in the world. The land that occupies Afghanistan has a long history of domination by foreign conquerors and strife among internally warring factions. At the gateway between Asia and Europe, this land was conquered by Darius I of Babylonia circa 500 B.C., and Alexander the Great of Macedonia in 329 B.C., among others. In recent years, war and lawlessness had destroyed much of the country; millions of...
  • Chicago Seven Chicago Seven Chicago Seven The Chicago Seven 1968 was one of the most turbulent years in America history. The Vietnam War became the longest war in U. S. history. American casualties were higher than 30,000. Anti-war protests grew larger and louder on college campuses. At Columbia, students took control of the office of the President and held three persons hostage to protest the school\'s connection to the defense Department. Following the April assassination of Martin Luther King in Memphis riots happened i...
  • soccer hooiganism soccer hooiganism soccer hooiganism Soccer Hooliganism The problem of soccer hooliganism has its roots deep in social development and is associated with aggression and maturation rituals. Furthermore, the media has negatively impacted the problem by publicizing, and exaggerating hooligan activities. Although the exact definition of hooliganism is rather open-ended, it can be characterized as violence toward opposing fans, players, and refs or destruction of objects inside or around the stadium. Violent incidents ...
  • Hinduism Hinduism Hinduism While examining different religious paths within Hinduism from the perspective of four patterns of transcendence (ancestral, cultural, mythical and experiential) it is interesting to see how each pattern found its dominance over four segments of Hinduism: Vedic sacrifice, the way of action, the way of devotion and the way of knowledge. When Hinduism originated as a religion it was mainly concerned with sacrifices for ancestors. The sacred texts - called the Vedas - on which Hinduism was...
  • Allen Ginsberg Allen Ginsberg Word Count: 1610 Dislikes of the American Society And the Injustices in America In Allen Ginsbergs Poetry By Matt Feeko Mrs. Juenger English 1 18 April 1999 Dislikes of the American Society And the Injustices in America In Allen Ginsbergs Poetry Allen Ginsberg started his infamous life as a revolutionary and poet of the beat generation when he began attending Colombia University. While at Colombia Ginsberg met friend and mentor Jack Kerouac whom he would later join to form the School of Disemb...
  • Indian Tribes Indian Tribes Indian Tribes The Toltecs were an Indian tribe who existed from 900 A.D. to 1200. They had a capital city of Tollan, and their influences reached south to the Yucatan and Guatemala. They were a composite tribe of Nahua, Otomi, and Nonoalca. The Tolt ecs made huge stone columns decorated like totem poles. AZTECS*censored* Aztecs were an American Indian people who rule an empire in Mexico during the 1400's and early 1500's. They practiced a religion that affected every part of their lives. To wors...
  • Rg Veda Rg Veda Rg Veda The Purusha-sukta, Rg-veda is a very important scripture in the Hindu religion. The overall concept of the poem is the creation of the world from the gods who dissect the cosmic giant, Purusha. Purusha means mans universal spirit and soul. In the poem he a man, but it does not state what kind of man he his, thus he is collective. Every man possesses almost everything about him about him. Sukta means to pay respect to someone or something or thank them for something grateful. Together,...
  • Music and cesorship Music and cesorship Music and cesorship In our society today, some musicians and their music drain and plague the moral and spiritual well-being of the people. Censorship offers the necessary action that we must take to keep the world from becoming corrupt. The musicians lives are not examples for the children or the adults. The lyrics of many songs are not suitable for anyone. All types of music need some kind of censorship. Censorship makes a person realize that music is good for the heart. Censorship makes peopl...
  • Madness Behind the Corruption of Society Madness Behind the Corruption of Society Madness Behind the Corruption of Society The corruption of society in George Orwell\'s 1984 and William Shakespeare\'s Hamlet results both in the loss of innocence and the destruction of sanity. Winston from 1984 stood his grounds throughout the book, but the society standards and rules created by Big Brother soon consume him. Similarly, the entire Kingdom of Denmark bombarded Hamlet with betrayal amongst his own family and loved ones such that drove him into madness. This madness spread through...
  • Conformity:The Greek Society Conformity:The Greek Society Conformity:The Greek Society Conformity: The Greek Society Conformity, on a daily basis we conform to the social norms set forth before us by our friends, family and past experiences. Group cohesiveness (the desire to which one has to be in and is attracted to the group) greatly increases conformity. Enter Greek life. We have all seen them, parading down the halls, across campus, and in the Student Union. Strutting around with their number one symbols of pride across their backs or chests, on a ...
  • Afghanistan: Life under the Taliban Afghanistan: Life under the Taliban Afghanistan: Life under the Taliban Afghanistan is one of the poorest and most troubled countries in the world. The land that occupies Afghanistan has a long history of domination by foreign conquerors and strife among internally warring factions. At the gateway between Asia and Europe, this land was conquered by Darius I of Babylonia circa 500 B.C., and Alexander the Great of Macedonia in 329 B.C., among others. In recent years, war and lawlessness had destroyed much of the country; millions of...
  • First person fictional essay being on the front li First person fictional essay being on the front li first person fictional essay being on the front line [Category]: Miscellaneous [Paper Title]: first person fictional essay being on the front line [Text]: 10/14/36 All I can do right now is focus on getting out of this damned country and back to Brussels. In the months that I\'ve been here I\'ve become as confused as the Spaniards themselves. It seems as if I\'m torn between which pain medicine I want like they\'re torn between governments. If someone were to have asked me last year what I would...
  • Feminist Spirituality and Goddess Religion in the Feminist Spirituality and Goddess Religion in the Feminist Spirituality and Goddess Religion in the United States Thousands of years ago, the Goddess was viewed as an autonomous entity worthy of respect from men and women alike. Because of societal changes caused by Eastern influence, a patriarchical system conquered all aspects of life including religion. Today, the loss of a strong female presence in Judeo-Christian beliefs has prompted believers to look to other sources that celebrate the role of women. Goddess religion and feminist spiritua...
  • Hinduism an indepth contemplation of a people Hinduism an indepth contemplation of a people hinduism an indepth contemplation of a people Hinduism is one of the worlds oldest religions in existence (Srinivasan 66). It ranks as the third largest religion. Today there are about fifty million Hindus worldwide, majority of them living in India (Wangu 6). In order to understand the followers of the religion, you must first realize that Hinduism is more of a way of life than a religion (Srinivasan 66). Hinduism holds together diversity and not only for its own spiritual tradition, but for t...
  • Fool And Lear Fool And Lear Fool And Lear The Fool The Fool helps Lear to come to terms with the \'wheel of fire\' that he has set in motion. Commonplace in royal households, fools were conventionally seen as vulgar ninnies, simply foolish rather than playing the fool. Shakespeare thus seems to have detached himself from popular British tradition in favour of an older view of the royal fool, whose purpose was to correct minor faults and imperfections in his master. This was probably a function of the play\'s \'pre-historic...
  • Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler Feeling that all was lost, Hitler shot himself on April 30, 1945. By orders formally given by him before his death, SS officers immersed Hitler\'s body in gasoline and burned it in the garden of the Chancellery. Soon after the suicide of Hitler, the German forces surrendered. The war was officially over; however, the world was only beginning to realize the extent of its horror. The rise and sudden fall of Hitler had a sensational effect on people and nations around the world. For Ad...