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cell nuclear transfer Environmental Science

Human kind has entered a brand new relationship with the earth. The constant and increasing pressures we are exerting threaten  our planets ability to sustain life itself. Change-in the way we think , and in the way we live-is needed now.
Global warming is the most urgent environmental problem the world will face in the next decade and the next century. Few, if any, trends are more important to our future than climate change caused by human activities. Scientist around the world are warning us that global warming poses a major threat to our future quality of life, previously there has been little information on this problem. Right now, the rate of global warming may be 100 times faster than it has ever been. Very soon the earth may become hotter then at any time in human history. In the last decades the problems of atmospheric change have been gravely
advanced by pollution resulting from human activities. These environmental changes pose a real threat to the lives of people and wild life.
It is vital to all of us that we fully understand the complex relationship between the atmosphere and the earth.
The earth is getting warmer. the changes are small, so far, but they are expected to grow and speed up. Within the next 50 to 100 years, the earth will continue to heat up hotter than it has been in the past million years.
as oceans warm and glaciers melt, land and cities along coasts may be flooded. Heat and drought may cause forests to die and food crops to fail. Global warming will effect weather everywhere, plants and animals everywhere and people everywhere.
Humans are warming the earth's atmosphere by burning fuels, cutting down forests, and by taking part in other activities that release certain heat- trapping gasses into the air. Humans all over the world need to get together and solve these problems.
In the southern hemisphere, the warming is the greatest over Australia, southern south Africa, the southern tip of south America, and the area of Antarctica near Australia. In the northern hemisphere, warming is strongest in Alaska, northwest  and eastern Canada, most of the Soviet Union, and parts of Southern Asia, North Africa and south west Europe. Climate has cooled in Great Britain and northern and eastern Europe. In the USA scientists found no overall warming trend in weather records kept since the nineteenth century, however keepin mind the United States covers only 1.5 percent of the earth's surface. As warming continues, every place on the earth will be effected.
In the frozen heart of the last ice age, 18,000 years ago, the temperature was only about nine degrees Fahrenheit colder then today. So a change of a few degrees can have a dramatic effects. Todays most sophisticated climatic models estimate the global temperature will rise between 3 and 9  degrees Fahrenheit in the next century.
This could occur as early as the year 2050. Here are the large scale changes the rise might bring: As water warms it expands, taking up more space. So warmer ocean water, with added melt-water from glaciers, will rise by twenty inches to five feet in the next 50 to 100 years.
Just a 1 foot rise in sea level can cause shorelines to recede a hundred feet, and in flat terrain, a thousand feet. If ocean waters rise several feet, whole beaches could wash away. Many homes, hotels, other buildings, and entire cities will be threatened. Salt water will pollute freshwater wells that millions of people use for drinking water. Coastal marshes, which are vital nurseries for fish and other ocean life will be endangered. Along undeveloped coast, marshes may survive because they can move inland with the rising waters. In many places seawalls and other human structures will prevent this process and the marshes will be destroyed.
In the United States ocean water may cover the Florida Keys and large parts of southern Florida and Louisiana.
Two kinds of action are called for. One is to take steps to prepare for the the effects of warming that already have begun. Agricultural scientist must develop varieties of wheat and other crops that can grow in a longer but drier growing season.
Ways must be fond to use ... more

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AIDS: A U.S.- Made Monster?

AIDS: A U.S.- Made Monster?

PREFACE

In an extensive article in the Summer-Autumn 1990 issue of "Top Secret", Prof J.
Segal and Dr. L. Segal outline their theory that AIDS is a man-made disease,
originating at Pentagon bacteriological warfare labs at Fort Detrick, Maryland.
"Top Secret" is the international edition of the German magazine Geheim and is
considered by many to be a sister publication to the American Covert Action
Information Bulletin (CAIB). In fact, Top Secret carries the Naming Names column,
which CAIB is prevented from doing by the American government, and which names
CIA agents in different locations in the world. The article, named "AIDS: US-
Made Monster" and subtitled "AIDS - its Nature and its Origins," is lengthy, has
a lot of professional terminology and is dotted with footnotes.

AIDS FACTS

"The fatal weakening of the immune system which has given AIDS its name
(Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome)," write the Segals, "has been traced back
to a destruction or a functional failure of the T4-lymphocytes, also called
'helper cells', which play a regulatory role in the production of antibodies in
the immune system." In the course of the illness, the number of functional T4-
cells is reduced greatly so that new anti-bodies cannot be produced and the
defenceless patient remains exposed to a range of infections that under other
circumstances would have been harmless. Most AIDS patients die from
opportunistic infections rather than from the AIDS virus itself. The initial
infection is characterized by diarrhea, erysipelas and intermittent fever. An
apparent recovery follows after 2-3 weeks, and in many cases the patient remains
without symptoms and functions normally for years. Occasionally a swelling of
the lymph glands, which does not affect the patient's well-being, can be
observed.

After several years, the pre-AIDS stage, known as ARC (Aids- Related Complex)
sets in. This stage includes disorders in the digestive tract, kidneys and lungs.
In most cases it develops into full-blown AIDS in about a year, at which point
opportunistic illnesses occur. Parallel to this syndrome, disorders in various
organ systems occur, the most severe in the brain, the symptoms of which range
from motoric disorders to severe dementia and death. This set of symptoms, say
the Segals, is identical in every detail with the Visna sickness which occurs in
sheep, mainly in Iceland. (Visna means tiredness in Icelandic). However, the
visna virus is not pathogenic for human beings. The Segals note that despite the
fact that AIDS is transmitted only through sexual intercourse, blood
transfusions and non- sterile hypodermic needles, the infection has spread
dramatically. During the first few years after its discovery, the number of AIDS
patients doubled every six months, and is still doubling every 12 months now
though numerous measures have been taken against it. Based on these figures, it
is estimated that in the US, which had 120,000 cases of AIDS at the end of 1988,
900,000 people will have AIDS or will have died of it by the end of 1991. It is
also estimated that the number of people infected is at least ten times the
number of those suffering from an acute case of AIDS. That in the year 1995
there will be between 10-14 million cases of AIDS and an additional 100 million
people infected, 80 percent of them in the US, while a possible vaccination will
not be available before 1995 by the most optimistic estimates. Even when such
vaccination becomes available, it will not help those already infected. These
and following figures have been reached at by several different mainstream
sources, such as the US Surgeon General and the Chief of the medical services of
the US Army.
"AIDS does not merely bring certain dangers with it; it is clearly a programmed
catastrophe for the human race, whose magnitude is comparable only with that of
a nuclear war", say the Segals. " They later explain what they mean by
"programmed," showing that the virus was produced by humans, namely Dr. Robert
Gallo of the Bethesda Cancer Research Center in Maryland. When proceeding to
prove their claims, the Segals are careful to note that: "We have given
preference to the investigative results of highly renowned laboratories, whose
objective contents cannot be doubted. We must emphasize, in this connection,
that we do not know of any findings that have been published in professional
journals that contradict our hypotheses."

DISCOVERING AIDS

The first KNOWN cases of AIDS occurred in New York in 1979. The first DESCRIBED
cases were in California in 1979. The virus was isolated in Paris in May 1983,
taken from ... more

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