Philosophy Essays

Term papers on philosophy and philosophical topics

  • could have written The Gay Science differently. What justifies the style of composition he chose? More importantly, is his style of writing effective? What relation do you see between the style of his writing and the content of thought it expresses? Nietzsche\'s style of writing was a deliberate stylistic choice meant to hide the meaning of his work and philosophy from those who would not be able to understand it, and through there misunderstanding would abuse it. This writing style was also me

    1594 words (6 pages) in essay

  • Jonathon McNeil Fourth Writing Assignment In Immanuel Kant’s essay, “Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals”, Kant seeks to explain how his view of morality if different from the utilitarian. Kant says the morality of an action is independent of the consequences. According to the utilitarian, pleasure is the only intrinsic good. Kant on the other hand is not concerned with pleasure, because he does not see it as intrinsically good. Kant believes in what he refers to as “the categorical imperativ

    621 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Jonathon McNeil Introduction to Philosophy In Alan Turing’s essay “Computing Machinery and Intelligence”, Turing seeks to explain that computers can think. To answer this question Turing comes up with the idea of the “Imitation Game”. Turing uses an example of an “Imitation Game”, where a computer is trying to convince a person that the computer is also a person. The “Imitation Game” is a series of questions and answers. As Alan Turing explains, “The question and answer method seems to be suitab

    1807 words (7 pages) in essay

  • This first chapter of “Elements of Moral Philosophy” by James Rachels begins by attempting to define morality. This is a difficult task since so many possible and rival definitions exist, therefore the common ground can be defined as only the “minimum conception” and although it is not immediately defined, the reader of “Elements of Moral Philosophy” is given examples involving handicapped children to illustrate. The first example employed in “Elements of Moral Philosophy” by James Rachels discu

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  • It is the one mysterious thing that links everyone together and helps everyone understand each other despite their social, economic, or religious backgrounds. Compassion is the capacity within each of us that makes it possible for suffering that is not our own or of our concern, but will affect us as though it were. There are so many ways to describe the feelings that can be linked with compassion. In some way, shape or form, we have all given or received compassion, and it is important to alwa

    1323 words (5 pages) in essay

  • The ceremonies allowed Tayo to see that he was not alone and though he did go to war and began to mix with the white culture he did not abandon his people. Because it is the people that you love that you can never abandon because they will always be there for you no matter what. The book I decided to research was the Professor and the Madman by Simon Winchester is a story about a man with much greater knowledge and wisdom than the average human being, but is so mentally devastated by a particula

    551 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Division of work and organizational psychology The Division of Work and Organizational Psychology conducts research and organizes undergraduate, master’s, and doctoral studies in the area of work and organizational psychology. Research Our research focuses on the contexts of working individuals: in groups, in the organization, and in relation to different constellations and roles in society. The balance and interplay between paid work and the rest of life has an important place in our research a

    206 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Freedom is finding acceptance Everyone differs definition on freedom, it is a word frequently occur in our essay or report. However, what does it indeed means? While, Some people think freedom is saying you can do everything you desire to do without consider the consequence, some people believe that freedom is just an get a equal footing in the society. But in the story ¡®the stranger that came to town ¡¯ there was a totally new definition occurred, that freedom is be accepted. ¡®Before she cou

    612 words (3 pages) in essay

  • All citrus trees belong to the single genus Citrus and remain almost entirely interfertile. This means that there is only one superspecies that includes grapefruits, lemons, limes, oranges, and various other types and hybrids.[9] As the interfertility of oranges and other citrus has produced numerous hybrids, bud unions, and cultivars, their taxonomy is fairly controversial, confusing or inconsistent.[3][6] The fruit of any citrus tree is considered a hesperidium (a kind of modified berry) becau

    301 words (2 pages) in essay

  • The Communist Manifesto (CM), penned by political theorists and philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848, is recognized to be one of the most influential documents in the world. The manuscript contains much of its writers’ own theories on the natural social order, focusing on the idea that a capitalist society would eventually give way to socialism and inevitably communism. While the main goal of the text was to inform the public about the supposedly inevitable arrival of communism a

    2694 words (10 pages) in essay

  • Being inclusive is a part of the Relational Leadership Model. Relationships are the key to leadership effectiveness. This includes Purpose, Inclusive, Empowering, Ethical, and Process-Oriented (Komives, Lucas, McMahon, 2007). Having purpose is like having a commitment to the activity. My purpose for being a resident assistant is to help first year students adjust to college life. According to “Exploring Leadership”, being inclusive means understanding, valuing, and actively engaging diversity i

    245 words (1 pages) in essay

  • Though not the first of the “original thinkers”, better known as the pre-Socratics, Heraclitus was among this group of critical thinkers known for creating philosophy by searching for a rational order to the way the world was perceived during this time. As far as Heraclitus is concerned, philosophical contributions revolutionized the world with his concept of “being” which allowed mankind to follow in his footsteps. From the lonely life he led he is also commonly known as the “Dark Philosopher”

    406 words (2 pages) in essay

  • With Adeimantus’s idea aimed towards Socrates that the people of the city are not happy Socrates reminds Adeimantus of how the goal of the State is to establish a perfect city based on justice, not happiness or pleasure. The idea that the State, as a whole, will be happy based on the system of justice the two have created for the city. The question of justice could be an opinion in and of itself. The goal (as Socrates states) is for the city to be happy as a whole. If happiness for the whole is

    435 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Hell In his sermon, “On the Eternity of Hell’s Torments”, Jonathan Edwards argues that eternal punishment for sin is justified. He observes every aspect of God, sin, and hell and attempts to present a logical explanation of scripture. I will take a similar approach and refute the idea that eternal punishment for sin is justified with particular focus on his representation of eternity, perfection, and justice. Jonathan Edwards’s argument is as follows: Mankind’s obligation to honor, obey, and lo

    1658 words (7 pages) in essay

  • Aristotle, in ?Nicomachean Ethics?, claims that to discover the human good we must identify the function of a human being. He argues that the human function is rational activity, since that is what differentiates us from everything else. Peoples good is therefore rational activity performed well. Aristotle gives a lot of evidence to support his view about the human function. First, he tells us how everything has a soul, and we are looking for the special function of humans. We set aside the vie

    876 words (4 pages) in essay

  • In Allison Jaggar\'s ?Feminist Epistemology,? the author poses a theory of emotions and that we lose much when we separate reason from our emotions. Jaggar believed that if we separate our reason from our emotions that our decisions would not have the cohesion that has been used since the times of Plato and Aristotle. She also noted that that the split between emotion and reason had been spawned from jealousy of the certain philosophers own ideas being kept to him. ?She notes that this division

    272 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Every once in a while, someone will say something at a certain point in life and later on life say something that contradicts the first statement. In most cases, these statements get unnoticed or overlooked because we are all human and may have different opinions at different instances in time. We could also say that the person who contradicted themselves did not fully develop their thoughts and that is why they were inconsistent in their thoughts. In the case of Socrates, there is an inconsiste

    1312 words (5 pages) in essay

  • Defending Justice My fellow gentlemen of the jury, I am not speaking here today only for the defense of Socrates from being wrongly accused of crimes, but am here to defend the city of Athens from making a grave injustice and staining the reputation of our legal system in this great city. I should begin by making sure every jury member here today fully understands what Socrates is being charged with. Without a knowledgeable jury, then there will not be a knowledgeable sentencing, and when a sent

    964 words (4 pages) in essay

  • K Dr PHIL- Human consciousness as a residual of physical brain activity. While reading the text and listening to the authors, we see examples giving of how our mind has physical activity that begins from what we see or hear. Does this mean our minds only act on what it has been given like a computer reacts to input? I hope to show examples of what our authors were trying to get across in there statements and how each author felt in the thoughts of the residual actions of the mind and body and th

    414 words (2 pages) in essay

  • WARS For many years, wars have been in the world. War is very natural thing for humanity.Although nowadays the meaning of the war is changing, the importance of war is the same.Two major causes can be identifed.These causes are economic and political benefits of countries. Firstly,economic benefits lead government to start a war. To get resources in the world is the most important one of economic gains. These countries want to get more natural sources such as mineral resources, water or soil. Al

    475 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Derek Borgsteede AML 2010 Benton Role of Women in a Puritan Society Women have long been thought as inferior to men. Some see this as a problem, some don?t. In a puritan society, women are looked upon as not as servants but something not far from it. The same purpose is disposed upon them as any other woman in the society. Their sole purpose is to serve their husbands and bear children. In Hawthorn?s journal and the transcript of Ann Hutchinson?s trial, this is the sole guideline everyone uses a

    897 words (4 pages) in essay

  • LD Aff Case Nov-Dec ?Most men have always wanted as much as they could get; and possession has always blunted the fine edge of their altruism.? It is because I believe in the wise words of Katherine Fullerton Gerould that I stand in full affirmation of the resolution at hand. Definitions (all by Merriam Webster?s) Individual: a particular being or thing as distinguished from a class, species, or collection: as; a single human being as contrasted with a social group or institution Moral: of or re

    1199 words (6 pages) in essay

  • EGOISM Egoism can be a descriptive or a normative position. Psychological egoism, the most famous descriptive position, claims that each person has but one ultimate aim: her own welfare. Normative forms of egoism make claims about what one ought to do, rather than describe what one does do. Ethical egoism claims that it is necessary and sufficient for an action to be morally right that it maximize one?s self-interest. Rational egoism claims that it is necessary and sufficient for an action to be

    224 words (1 pages) in essay

  • After years of guesting and trying to decide on what path I will take. Time passed and children have grown and gone. I began to realize I was alway on that path I needed to take. Life is short and I can spend it to ways happy or unhappy, but know matter which path I take I would continue to grow old and making no decision is infact making a decision. The path I decided to take is the path to be happy each and every moment of everyday. There are no answers for some questions and there are no fixi

    368 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Carolyn Adams Philosophy 240 June 27, 2011 Comparison of Socrates? Apology to one Written by Gorgias The Apology of Socrates is Plato?s version of the speech given by Socrates as he unsuccessfully defended himself against the charges of ?corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes. In the opening paragraphs of Xenophon?s Apology he remarks that previous writers had failed to make clear the reason for Socrates? boastful talk considering he was facing the death

    1415 words (6 pages) in essay

  • According to the above plan, the Republic is made up of three somehow embedded blocks : From the most superficial viewpoint, the Republic is made up of three parts : a main body, the dialogue proper, preceded by an introduction and followed by a conclusion of almost exactly the same size. The introduction presents five challenges to Socrates\' notion of justice, each by a different character, the first three in dialogue form, and the last two mostly in the form of monologues. The conclusion may

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  • Original and Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: An Overview Vernita Lewis Critical Thinking 501 March 15, 2011 David Krathwohl?s article ?A Revision of Bloom?s Taxonomy: An Overview? takes a look into Benjamin Bloom?s work entitled ?Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goal? and compares it to a more modern version of Bloom?s work. A more modern version of Bloom?s work was developed by Anderson, et al. in 2001. Krathwohl finds and explores the commonali

    1073 words (5 pages) in essay

  • The most successful, long term, low-income housing projects are those that use sustainable design and address the social, cultural, and economic needs of residents.. By implementing sustainable low-income housing projects with residents? need in mind, the developers, residents, and the community as a whole will benefit. A community with a sustainably designed project often views the project in a more favorable light than they would a traditionally built housing project, enabling residents to bec

    3281 words (13 pages) in essay

  • When a child is brought up by parents who believe in God and goes to Sunday school and church, he or she learns that God created the world and people too. Later on, when that child begins school, he or she studies science, including the theory of evolution, or that man evolved from animals over millions of years. Especially in higher education, such as college, many professors of science teach evolution as proof that God does not exist. As a result, many Christian people fear sending their child

    596 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Our lives are full of stories. some of our stories are happy , some are sad and most of them fall somewhere in between. whats important is that we understand that they are for our learning.we usually look at our actions as good or bad, right or wrong,or experiences that place us above or below others. ifb we can adjust our thinking and look at our stories as tools for our growth, then we can be grateful for all our things that we have 2 go through. if we can remember to love ourselves and have c

    176 words (1 pages) in essay

  • 2. Fromm claims that humans do more defensive (benign) aggression than other animals do. Under this thinking Fromm broke defensive aggression down into three separate categories. One, accidental, example would be someone hurting another without the intention to doing so. Second, is playful, this is when the use of skill or sport would be displayed. Aggression may come out in competitiveness. Third, is self-assertive which focused on moving toward a goal with no doubt and little fear. The link be

    621 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Leading Life With Smiles On the Face Do you ever know that what makes life joyful, happy or even full of pleasure? Smiling is the answer. Instead of showing a gloomy face, why don?t we begin our everyday lives with a warmhearted smile? It will certainly make our lives much better and wonderful. Smiling indicates a sign of happiness on us. Smiling not only shows that we are contented, it will also make other people feel blissful and relaxed. In fact, there is one famous quote created by an Americ

    607 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Tales of love and adventure about native heroes, endowed with powers from the gods, battled monsters, and triumphed over formidable armies, rode the wind, traveled in flying shields and protected the earliest communities of the islands. Stories about folk heroes of long ago were described as "Old Time History" because they can be used to study the lifestyle and beliefs of the people who produced them. They were also referred to as "Lost", because they were soon forgotten by natives influenced he

    578 words (4 pages) in essay

  • The legal problem that Lois Pineau is concerned with is being able actually prosecute a man charged with date rape. Date rape does not involve and physical injury or violence and since violence is a key factor in convicting rape it is hard to convict any man of date rape. A jury has to be sure that the man charged knew what he was doing, his partner was not consenting, and he freely chose to continue anyway. It is left to the women to defend of any advanced completely and clearly, and since both

    421 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Forming an accurate picture of the historical Socrates and his philosophical viewpoints is problematic. This issue is known as the Socratic problem. Socrates did not write philosophical texts. The knowledge of the man, his life, and his philosophy is based on writings by his students and contemporaries. Foremost among them is Plato; however, works by Xenophon, Aristotle, and Aristophanes also provide important insights.[4] The difficulty of finding the ?real? Socrates arises because these works

    331 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Utilitarianism is a combination of consequentialism and ethical hedonism. It states that an action is good or bad on the basis of its consequences. It also states that the only thing intrinsically good is happiness and the only thing intrinsically bad is unhappiness. Therefore, an action is good if it brings about a net balance of happiness which a rational human being would be satisfied and an action is bad if it brings about a net balance of unhappiness. A utilitarian might approach; for examp

    505 words (3 pages) in essay

  • When we look around, we can see many things which make our life easier. Since the last ten years, technology has been getting developed so fast. Especially after computers, our life has totally changed. Today, computers are really important part of our life. Today, sciences are working really hard on Artificial intelligence to improve ourselves and the world. There are so many questions and paranoids for artificial intelligence, like about Robot?s thinking and behavior, religious belief. I thin

    1409 words (6 pages) in essay

  • The most interesting and influential philosopher of all time was Socrates, whose dedication to careful reasoning transformed the entire history of philosophy. Since he sought genuine knowledge rather than mere victory over an opponent, he familiarized himself with the rhetoric and dialectics of the Sophists, the speculations of the Lonian philosophers, and the general culture of Periclean Athens. Socrates employed the same logical tricks developed by the Sophists to a new purpose, the pursuit of

    1454 words (6 pages) in essay

  • Aristotle Aristotle discusses the ideal state and citizens. In his ideal state, Aristotle states about the features of citizens and answers the question of who sould be citizen? . The concept of citizen is very important in his ideal state, because according to Aristotle citizens have the fullest sovereign power, and it would be ridiculous to deny their participation in the state management. Aristole\'s inspiration is from biology. It depends on teleology. Teleology is about purposefullness.Ever

    510 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Aristotle\'s View Aristotle\'s view Essay submitted by Patty Smith Is life really about the \'money\', the \'cash\', the \'hoes\', who has the biggest gold chain or who drives the shiniest or fastest car, who sells the most albums or who has the most respect? Aristotle challenges views, which are similar to the ones held and shown by rap artists such as Jay-Z and the Notorious B.I.G., by observing that everything in the universe, including humans, has a telos, or goal in life. He states that the

    538 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Pornography Censorship The censorship of pornography has been an issue that has been under constant debate in our society. There are many arguments for and against the censorship of pornographic materials. In the broadest of explanations, the argument supporting an increase in censorship is rooted in the belief that such material may cause direct and/or indirect detriments to society. Advocates for freedom of expression feel that increased censorship violates many basic human rights and consequ

    662 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Prince And Discourses Although many of the same ideas are contained in both The Prince and the Discourses, these two works differ significantly in emphasis because they discuss two different types of political systems. The Prince, is one of the first examinations of politics and science from a purely scientific and rational perspective. In The Prince, Machiavelli was concerned with a principality, a state in which one ruler or a small elite governs a mass of subjects who have no active politica

    1104 words (5 pages) in essay

  • Civil Rights And Disobedience By acting civil but disobedient you are able to protest things you don\'t think are fair, non-violently. Henry David Thoreau is one of the most important literary figures of the nineteenth century. Thoreau\'s essay "Civil Disobedience," which was written as a speech, has been used by many great thinkers such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Mahatma Ghandi as a map to fight against injustice. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor that headed the Civil Rights movement

    1531 words (7 pages) in essay

  • Machiavelli Machiavelli and the President Lately, the president of the United States Bill Clinton, has pursued some policies that have been very unpopular not only with the general public but the electorate as well. Besides the whole Monica ordeal he feels that these unpopular policies will effect the results of the next election. The presidential advisors have formulated countless plans but no plan has seemed to work. One idea would be to leave the unpopular policies as they are because of the

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  • Growth In Writing Emily Gillette DVWR 101.004 Professor Bull September 22,2000 Growth in Writing Writing is one of my favorite things to do. Expressing yourself is so much easier when given time to think about what needs to be said. I would like to believe that I have a very rich writing history. I keep a journal of all my daily events. I also keep a book close by so if I think of any poems I can write them down right away. My favorite piece of writing was a story that I wrote in my first semest

    437 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Confucianism Confucianism, the philosophical system founded on the teaching of Confucius, who lived from 551 BC to 479 BC, dominated Chinese sociopolitical life for most of the Chinese history and largely influenced the cultures of Korea, Japan, and Indochina. The Confucian school functioned as a recruiting ground for government positions, which were filled by those scoring highest on examinations in the Confucian classics. It also blended with popular and important religions and became the vehi

    666 words (3 pages) in essay

  • The Seizure Of Trump\'s Jet The Seizure of Trump\'s Jet The question has been presented: Would it be right for a government to impound and sell one of Donald Trump\'s many Learjets in order to pay for a life saving cancer treatment? A restatement of this question may be : Would it be right for the government to seize the property of any man in order to benefit the society at large? The answer to this question is not a simple one. The inquiry immediately brings to light several layered questions

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  • Descarte`s Cartesian Doubt In his first meditation, Descartes sets out with amazing clarity and persistence to clear himself of every false idea that he has acquired previous to this, and determine what he truly knows. To rid him of these "rotten apples" he has developed a method of doubt with a goal to construct a set of beliefs on foundations which are indubitable. On these foundations, Descartes applies three levels of skepticism, which in turn, generate three levels at which our thoughts ma

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  • Religion And Science Religion and Science Is Science and Religion really such an adversary? I believe that it is a very touchy subject, in which it can go either way. Some people may claim that science and religion are two very similar subjects, while other may view it as two very different subjects of life. Science is the activity which tries to describe, explain, and predict by the use of good empirical evidence the way the physical world works. Religion is significant commitment, accompanied

    421 words (2 pages) in essay

  • The Sufferings of a Rational Being in the mind of Soren Kierkegaard I. Prologue. In what would be characteristically seen as intrinsically manifested throughout the areas of existentialism, this idea of suffering, its components, as well as its distinctiveness on the part of the feebleness of human life becomes a common and usual conception for Kierkegaard, so as not to be considered. The philosopher who has sparked the notion of existentialism, as he had subjugated into the depths of human emot

    3595 words (16 pages) in essay