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attucks Ben quarles negro in the revol

The Negro in the American Revolution
Throughout American history, African Americans have had to decide whether they belonged in the United States or if they should go elsewhere.  Slavery no doubtfully had a great impact upon their decisions.  However, despite their troubles African Americans made a grand contribution and a great impact on both armed forces of the Colonies and British.  “The American Negro was a participant as well as a symbol.” (Quarles 7)  African Americans were active on and off the battlefield, they personified the goal freedom, the reason for the war being fought by the Colonies and British.  The African Americans were stuck in the middle of a war between white people. Their loyalty was not to one side or another, but to a principle, the principle of liberty.  Ben Quarel’s, The Negro in the American Revolution, is very detailed in explaining the importance of the African American in the pre America days, he shows the steps African Americans took in order to insure better lives for generations to come.
America’s first war, its war for independence from Great Britain was a great
accomplishment.  This achievement could have been performed if not for the black soldiers in the armies.  The first American to shed blood in the revolution that freed America from British rule was Crispus Attucks.  Attucks along with four white men was killed in the Boston Massacre of March 5, 1770.  Even though Attucks was a fugitive slave running from his master, he was still willing to fight against England along with other whites and give the ultimate sacrifice, his life, for freedom.  This was not the only incident of Blacks giving it all during the War for Independence.  
From the first battles of Concord and Lexington in 1775, African American soldiers took up arms against Great Britain.  Of the many African Americans who fought in those battles, the most famous are Peter Salem, Cato Stedman, Cuff Whittemore, Cato Wood, Prince Estabrook, Caesar Ferrit, Samuel Craft, Lemuel Haynes, and Pomp Blackman.  One of the most distinguished heroes at the Battle of Bunker Hill was Peter Salem who fired the shot that killed Major John Pictcarirn of the Royal Marines.  But Peter Salem was not the only African American hero during the Revolutionary War.
Another African American, Salem Poor, also made a hero of himself at Bunker Hill.  Several officers to the Continental Congress commended him for his bravery at the battle. This honor encouraged African Americans to take part in the war.  Pomp Fisk, Grant Coope, Charleston Eads, Seymour Burr, Titus Coburn, Cuff Hayes, and Caesar Dickenson were also braves at this battle.  Even though the African American soldiers clearly distinguished themselves as good soldiers, they were by no means wanted in the army in the eyes of white colonists.
The African American saw only limited military service, the negative attitude toward enlisting black men came from master unwilling to give up their servants or from the fear of putting guns in the hands of people who were not free.  South Carolina and Georgia, both heavily populated by African Americans, refused to legalize slave enlistments.  When General Washington took command of the army, white colonists decided that not only should no black slaves or freemen be enlisted, but that those already serving in the Army should be dismissed.  
The colonists would probably have kept African Americans out of the military during the war if not for the proclamation by the John Murray, Earl of Dumore.  He stated “I do hereby further declare all indented servants, Negroes, or others, free, that are able and willing to bear arms, they joining His Majesty’s Troops, as soon as may be, for the more speedily reducing the Colony to a proper sense of their duty, to His Majesty’s crown and dignity.”  This brought chaos to the colonies, the fear of slaves turning against their masters, and fighting against the colonies was a scrupulous tactic which earned Dunmore the title of tyrant or liberator depending on whether you were whit or black.  “This was but another paradox on a war that abounded in paradox.  The Negro who fled to the Governor was actuated by the same love ... more

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Boston Mascre
Boston Mascre

In my report I will be discussing the Boston Massacre.  I will be looking at the
Boston Massacre from three different perspectives.  These perspectives are the Boston
colonists and Samuel Adams, Tom Hutchinson, Lieutenant Governor and Acting
Governor in 1770,  and Captain Preston and his troops.  I will also hold some depositions
from people who were actually close or at the massacre.  I will be show the differences
on how all three felt about the situation.
        Due to great burden from the different acts that brought many unwanted taxes
from the British government, the minds of the Boston citizens were greatly irritated.
Some individuals were so irritated that they were abusive in their language towards the
military.  The colonists felt like they were in a prison.  Everywhere they turned they saw
guards.  These guards would frequently question and harass people just passing by.
Parents were even getting worried for their daughters,  because the soldiers would make
sexual remarks towards them.  Many red-coats were in search of different off-duty jobs,
which meant they would be taking away jobs from the Boston laborers.  Many times
when the soldiers left their barracks and were walking about the town,  carried large
clubs,  for the purpose of assaulting the people.  
        Many would say that the colonists had every right to be mad and irritated.  But
what about the soldiers. They were just taking commands from the country that they are
defending and fighting for.  To them they were just doing the right thing. But we all
know that they went to extremes by the frequent wounding of persons by their bayonets
and cutlasses,  and the numerous instances of bad behavior in the soldiery.  This also led
the colonists to figure out the England did not send those troops over for their well-being,
but were there just for the benefit of England.  But once again,  they were only taking
orders from England.  
        Early on the evening of March 5, 1770,  a crowd of laborers began throwing hard
packed snowballs at soldiers guarding the Customs House.  Goaded beyond endurance
the sentries acted against express orders and fired on the crowd,  killing four and
wounding eight,  one of whom dies a few days later.1 Here are the names of the people
who were wounded or killed.
Mr. Samuel Gray,  killed on the spot by a ball entering his head.
Crispus Attucks, a mulatto, killed on the spot, by two balls entering his breast.
Mr. James Caldwell,  killed on the spot, by two balls entering his back.
Mr. Samuel Maverick,  a 17 year old, mortally wounded, he died the next morning.
Mr. Patrick Carr mortally wounded; he died the 14th instant.
Chris Monk and John Clark, youths about 17, dangerously wounded.  Apprehended
they would die.
Mr. Edward Payne, merchant, standing at his door, wounded.  
Messrs. John Green, Robert Paterson, and David Parker; all dangerously wounded.2
        There were depositions in this affair which mention that several guns were fired
at the same time from the Custom House:
        Benjamin Frizell, on the evening if the 5th of March,  having taken his station
near the west corner of the Custom House in King St., before and at the time of the
soldiers firing their guns,  declares that the first discharge was only of one gun,  the next
of two guns,  upon which he the deponent thinks he saw a man stumble.  The third
discharge was of three guns,  upon which he saw two men fall.  Immediately afterward
five guns were discharged from the balcony,  or the chamber window on the balcony.  3
         Gillam Bass,  being on King St. at the same time declares that the posted
themselves between the Custom house door and the west corner of it.  In a few minutes
started to fire upon the people.  2 or 3 were really high which he believes must of came
from the balcony windows. 4
        A few more men also declared the same thing.  The most important factor there is
that they all testified that the y saw some of the shots coming from the higher balcony
windows.  This proves that those soldiers were at no danger,  but still took it upon
themselves to shoot at the citizens who were not harming them in any way.
        The morning after the massacre, a town meeting was held;  at which attended a
very great number of freeholders and inhabitants of the town.  It was now time for the
town to speak up.  They were deeply impressed and affected by the tragedy of the
preceding night,  and were unanimously of opinion, it was incompatible with their safety
that the troops should remain any longer in the town.  In consequence thereof they chose
a committee of fifteen gentlemen to wait upon his Honor the Lieutenant-Governor on
Council,  to request of him to issue his orders for the ... more

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  • A: Boston massacre A: Boston massacre Boston massacre The Boston Massacre is considered by many historians to be the first battle of the Revolutionary War. The fatal incident happened on March 5 of 1770. The massacre resulted in the death of five colonists. British troops in the Massachusetts Bay Colony were there to stop demonstrations against the Townshend Acts and keep order, but instead they provoked outrage. The British soldiers and citizens brawled in streets and fought in bars. The citizens viewed the British soldiers as pot...
  • T: Ben Quarles Negro In The Revol T: Ben Quarles Negro In The Revol Ben Quarles Negro In The Revol The Negro in the American Revolution Throughout American history, African Americans have had to decide whether they belonged in the United States or if they should go elsewhere. Slavery no doubtfully had a great impact upon their decisions. However, despite their troubles African Americans made a grand contribution and a great impact on both armed forces of the Colonies and British. \'The American Negro was a participant as well as a symbol.\'; (Quarles 7) African ...
  • T: Boston Mascre T: Boston Mascre Boston Mascre Boston Mascre In my report I will be discussing the Boston Massacre. I will be looking at the Boston Massacre from three different perspectives. These perspectives are the Boston colonists and Samuel Adams, Tom Hutchinson, Lieutenant Governor and Acting Governor in 1770, and Captain Preston and his troops. I will also hold some depositions from people who were actually close or at the massacre. I will be show the differences on how all three felt about the situation. Due to great b...
  • U: The Boston Massacre U: The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre was and is still a debatable Massacre. The event occurred on March 5, 1776. It involved the rope workers of the colonial Boston and two British regiments, the twenty-ninth and the fourteenth regiments. Eleven people were shot in the incident; five people were killed and the other six were merely wounded. The soldiers and the captain, Thomas Preston, were all put on trial. All were acquitted of charges of murder, however the two soldiers who fired first, Pr...
  • C: Ben quarles negro in the revol C: Ben quarles negro in the revol Ben quarles negro in the revol The Negro in the American Revolution Throughout American history, African Americans have had to decide whether they belonged in the United States or if they should go elsewhere. Slavery no doubtfully had a great impact upon their decisions. However, despite their troubles African Americans made a grand contribution and a great impact on both armed forces of the Colonies and British. The American Negro was a participant as well as a symbol. (Quarles 7) African Ame...
  • K: The Role of African Americans in the Revolutionary K: The Role of African Americans in the Revolutionary The Role of African Americans in the Revolutionary War The Role of African Americans in the Revolutionary War An estimated 100,000 African Americans escaped, died or were killed during the American Revolution(Mount). Roughly 95% of African Americans in the United States were slaves, and because of their status, the use of them during the revolution was inevitable(Mount). This led many Americans, especially those from the North, to believe that the South\'s economy would collapse without slavery ...
  • S: American Revolution Causes S: American Revolution Causes American Revolution Causes The American Revolution began for many reasons, some are; long-term social, economic, and political changes in the British colonies, prior to 1750 provided the basis for and started a course to America becoming an independent nation under its own control with its own government. Not a tyrant king thousands of miles away. A huge factor in the start of the revolution was the French and Indian War during the years of 1754 through 1763; this changed the age-old bond bet...
  • RyanBataille RyanBataille RyanBataille T/R 11-12:15 1754 - July 4, 1776 The French and Indian War officially broke out it 1754 as a result of the land disputes involving the Ohio River Valley. This area of the Ohio Valley became of much interest to the British in hopes they might penetrate further to the west. On the other hand, the French needed to hold on to it because it was the place they planned on linking up with their Canadian lands. In 1754, George Washington, was selected by the Governor of Virginia to lead a sm...
  • Ben quarles negro in the revol Ben quarles negro in the revol Ben quarles negro in the revol The Negro in the American Revolution Throughout American history, African Americans have had to decide whether they belonged in the United States or if they should go elsewhere. Slavery no doubtfully had a great impact upon their decisions. However, despite their troubles African Americans made a grand contribution and a great impact on both armed forces of the Colonies and British. The American Negro was a participant as well as a symbol. (Quarles 7) African Ame...
  • The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre This period in American history is one that is labeled as a time of change. Change for the American people as a whole and a change in the control of the British government. From the time of the first voyages across the Atlantic to the beginning of the quest for independence, people in this land were, even sometimes unconsciously, beginning to gain a sense of self-motivation and loyalty to those around them that had accompanied them into this New World. The people had gained a...
  • Arficans in the american revolution Arficans in the american revolution arficans in the american revolution Many African Americans that fought in the war did not do so because they wanted to. During the war, if you were drafted, it was permissible to buy your way out of army service, or to send someone in your place, a mercenary. Often the cheapest mercenary available was a slave. One of the main events preceding the Revolution was the Boston Massacre. It was hardly a massacre -- only five people were killed, but one of them was an African American, Crispus Attuck...
  • History of the Black U.S. Soldier History of the Black U.S. Soldier History of the Black U.S. Soldier Throughout American history, Afro-Americans have had to decide whether they belonged in the United States or if they should go elsewhere. Slavery no doubtfully had a great impact upon their decisions. However, despite their troubles African Americans have made a grand contribution and a great impact on our armed forces since the Revolutionary War. The Afro-American has fought against its country\'s wars, and they have also fought the war within their country to ...
  • Boston Massacre Boston Massacre Boston Massacre The town of Boston was a very uneasy city throughout the 1760\'s. This uneasiness quickly turned to belligerence in the early part of 1770. Tensions had been mounting from the beginning of the year with various clashes between British sympathizers and colonists. However, in early March the tensions erupted into bloodshed. On March 5, 1770 a small group of colonists were up to their usual sport of tormenting British soldiers. By many accounts there was a great deal of taunting tha...
  • Causes of the Revolution Causes of the Revolution Causes of the Revolution ________________________________________ Causes Of The War ________________________________________ The following events represent the major events along the way to war. While it would be hard to point to any one event that singularly led to the Revolution, there is no doubt that the American view that they were entitled to the full democratic rights of Englishmen, while the British view that the American colonies were just colonies to be used and exploited in whatever w...
  • American Revolution Causes American Revolution Causes American Revolution Causes The American Revolution began for many reasons, some are; long-term social, economic, and political changes in the British colonies, prior to 1750 provided the basis for and started a course to America becoming an independent nation under it\'s own control with its own government. Not a tyrant king thousands of miles away. A huge factor in the start of the revolution was the French and Indian War during the years of 1754 through 1763; this changed the age-old bond betw...
  • Boston Massacre Boston Massacre Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre was an extremely important event in American History. Also, it a very controversial topic. To this day, no one can really give an accurate description of the events that transpired. The Boston Massacre was not a random event at all; many actions led up to the massacre. As a result of this disaster, America was changed forever and sent on a road towards revolution. The Boston Massacre was a defining moment in American history. Many people believe that the Bosto...
  • Boston Massacre Boston Massacre Boston Massacre The Boston Massacre is considered by many historians to be the first battle of the Revolutionary War. The fatal incident happened on March 5 of 1770. The massacre resulted in the death of five colonists. British troops in the Massachusetts Bay Colony were there to stop demonstrations against the Townshend Acts and keep order, but instead they provoked outrage. The British soldiers and citizens brawled in streets and fought in bars. The citizens viewed the British soldiers as pot...
  • American Revolution American Revolution American Revolution In the aftermath of the French and Indian War, Britain needed a new imperial design, but the situation in America was anything but favorable to change. Long accustomed to a large measure of independence, the colonies were demanding more, not less, freedom, particularly now that the French menace had been eliminated. To put a new system into effect, and to tighten control, Parliament had to contend with colonists trained in self-government and impatient with interference. One ...
  • Boston massacre Boston massacre Boston massacre The Boston Massacre is considered by many historians to be the first battle of the Revolutionary War. The fatal incident happened on March 5 of 1770. The massacre resulted in the death of five colonists. British troops in the Massachusetts Bay Colony were there to stop demonstrations against the Townshend Acts and keep order, but instead they provoked outrage. The British soldiers and citizens brawled in streets and fought in bars. The citizens viewed the British soldiers as pot...
  • William wells brown William wells brown William wells brown William Wells Brown was the first black novelist. He was also a Negro reformer and historian. According to who you talk to, his birth varies from 1814,1815, and 1816. Brown was born in Lexington Kentucky. His mother was a slave and his father is said to be one George Higgins, a white slaveholder. As a youth, Brown worked on steamships, but was later employed in a print-shop owned by Elijah P. Lovejoy, then editor of the St Louis Times. Working in this capacity, Brown got his ...
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