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asynchronous transfer mode asynchronous Supply Chain Management Developments

Introduction
Supply chain management is emerging as one of the decade's most powerful business practices. It is transforming the way manufactures operate and work with partners even the way they think about business. Why all the sudden interest? Mere observation of industrial practice brings to light a simple truth; very few materials remain in the constant ownership of one person, persons or company from their source to the time they are sold to the end customer. Almost invariably, material flows through a series of 'players' whose role may be to transform (manufacturing plants), store (warehouses) or move (distributors) material. This results in the establishment of complex systems that industry has labeled supply chains or supply networks.
Supply chains are not new; they have been around as long as the market place. Historically, however, each supply chain link tended to regard its role as satisfying the demand of its immediate customer. A more holistic view point suggests that each is just a part of a wider supply chain system whose role is to satisfy end customer demand. This refocusing of the company roles in terms of end customer satisfaction is in line with a systems thinking approach to management. From a conceptual viewpoint, one could view the ideal supply chain as a pipeline with laminar flow.
Traditionally, most supply chains simply evolved rather than being designed. This fact makes supply chains susceptible to turbulence. Companies
are discovering that the vast majority of supply chains are logistically inefficient and therefore prone to poor supply chain dynamic behavior. Because of the huge success of a couple of retaliators, the concepts of supply chain design have come to the forefront. Supply chain is one of the big buzzwords, or in this case phrase, in the U.S. industry today.
What does all of this mean for the mom and pop stores? Probably not a whole lot for now. Those who are currently using the Internet may find it easier to order supplies or even distribute. For the middle size company, it could be a blessing or curse. Those who invest and use the new technology may rise to new heights; those who do not may be pushed into bankruptcy.
This paper will attempt to touch upon the history, the various new transpirations and developments in supply chain technology and project a direction for the future.
Literature review
The subject of supply chain has been examined, studied and dissected by great scholars. Their works have been published and have been around since the 1950s. However, the technology that is now being used, or rather is beginning to be used, is not documented in any text. The industry of supply chain management technology is in such infancy stages, that not a lot of good periodical articles are in circulation.
As of February 1998, articles began appearing in magazines like Information Week, Computer World and Info World Magazine. The articles were basic and very vague. No real inside stories as to how any one particular firm's Supply chain management system worked. At this point in the development, most of the detailed information is probably regarded as trade secrets.
The paper is put together from pieces of new clippings, magazine articles, news wire releases. Hardier sources of information came from Journal writings out of Europe, a few books about how import supply chain management is going to be and a handful of not so up-to-date textbooks.
A Brief History
As previously stated, the supply chain is not anything new, its been around for centuries. The farmer sold grain to the miller, who sold floor to the backer, how sold bread and pastries to an end customer. Such chains were based on gentleman's agreements. Once the good changed hands, the former proprietor of the good, as far as he was concerned, was finished. Such supply chains have very dynamic properties. From the point of view of stocks it may result in alternating periods of high and low stocks with the possibility of obsolescence in the stock out. Alternatively it may manifest as periods of capacity expansion and contraction, with the possibility of increased cost due to over capacity and lost market opportunities through capacity cut-backs.
Much of the pioneering work into aspects ... more

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Cable Broadband

Five years ago, all that people had to worry about when they wanted to connect to the Internet was really what modem they were going to purchase.  It was simple.  Do I buy a 33.6Kbps modem or a 56Kbps modem?  With the advances in current technologies, that decision has become a bit more difficult.  Now people have to make the decision between 56k modems, Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL), Cable Broadband, and Satellite Broadband.  I believe the choice to be simple.  Cable Broadband, with its widespread availability, is definitely a great investment for the average consumer.  Broadband Daily states, "Its fatter pipes and inherent two-way capability promise to deliver everything – video, voice, data, text, graphics, and more – to both the PC and the TV." ("What's Broadband", 2002, para. 4).
The most important factor to take into account for any service is the cost.  Most Cable Broadband across the country costs between $40 and $50 per month.    To all those who have Insight Communications Cable service in Noblesville also have the ability to receive their Cable Broadband.  It costs just $39.95 per month for their cable customers and $49.95 per month for non-customers (http://www.insight-com.com/net/roadrunner/rrfaq.html).  Obviously, it pays a little to be a regular customer.  They receive a $10 discount.  To those that are still using a 56k dial-up service this may seem a bit steep considering that most dial-up services only cost about $22 per month.  However, if they were to take into account the fact that most people have a separate phone line for the modem and pay for the dial-up service also, they would see that they are paying around $35 and $45 per month ("Cable Modem Guide", 2000, para. 5).  There is only one more cost and that is the one time cost of the cable modem itself.  Generally, they cost about $120.  That is about the same for a good 56k modem.  If someone were to compare the cost of Cable Broadband to ADSL they would find that for the same price ADSL offers slower download/upload speeds (Nismojjang, 2002).  Also with most ADSL services they require a one year contract.  Cable Broadband services do not.  All this definitely shows Cable Broadband to have a very reasonable cost.
Most would wonder, "How much faster is Cable Broadband?  Why do I need it?"  The answer is simple.  According to Gary Arlen "There's an upcoming generation of consumers who will demand bigger bandwidth, thanks to their college encounter." (2002, para. 11).  Cable Broadband can produce download speeds up to 2Mbps (35 times faster than a 56bps modem) and up to 384Kbps uploads (six times faster than a 56Kbps modem) (http://www.earthlink.net/home/broadband/cable/tw/speed/).  Speeds such as these are just Mind boggling to me.  There is one slight set back for speed on a Cable Broadband system.  That glitch is the fact that Cable modems are a shared bandwidth system ("Does Shared Bandwidth Make Cable Modems Slow?", 1998).  What this generally means is that people share bandwidth with their neighbors.  So the more users logged on in that neighborhood the more potential for speeds to slow down.  However, even with the slowdown it is still faster than a 56Kbps modem and only for a very short time thank to the new technologies in information transfers.  In the end Cable Broadband is very fast when it comes down to it.
We now know the pricing and speeds for Cable Broadband and how they compare to some common services.  Even so, there are still other benefits to going to Cable Broadband.  It all pretty much has to do with the connection.  For those people who still are using a dial-up service the benefits of not having to dial-up their Internet Service Provider (ISP) is quite evident.  With Cable Broadband your connection, it is always on (http://www.earthlink.net/home/broadband/cable/tw/benefits/).  That means no more having to wait for long initiation procedures or busy signals from their ISP.  They no longer have to worry about slow connection speeds because of large bandwidth.  People are connected through the same line that most receive their cable television on.  This means no tying up phone lines for those who still use the same phone line for both the phone and modem.  Because of this feature, ... more

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  • A: Modems A: Modems Modems Modems are used to connect two computers over a phone line. Modem is short for Modulator Demodulator. It's a device that converts data from digital computer signals to analog signals that can be sent over a phone line. This is called modulation. The analog signals are then converted back into digital data by the receiving modem. This is called demodulation. A modem is fed digital information, in the form of ones and zeros, from the CPU. The modem then analyzes this information and convert...
  • S: Supply Chain Management Developments S: Supply Chain Management Developments Supply Chain Management Developments Introduction Supply chain management is emerging as one of the decade\'s most powerful business practices. It is transforming the way manufactures operate and work with partners even the way they think about business. Why all the sudden interest? Mere observation of industrial practice brings to light a simple truth; very few materials remain in the constant ownership of one person, persons or company from their source to the time they are sold to the end c...
  • Y: Cable Broadband Y: Cable Broadband Cable Broadband Five years ago, all that people had to worry about when they wanted to connect to the Internet was really what modem they were going to purchase. It was simple. Do I buy a 33.6Kbps modem or a 56Kbps modem? With the advances in current technologies, that decision has become a bit more difficult. Now people have to make the decision between 56k modems, Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL), Cable Broadband, and Satellite Broadband. I believe the choice to be simple. Cable Bro...
  • N: Modems N: Modems Modems Modems Modems are used to connect two computers over a phone line. Modem is short for Modulator Demodulator. It\'s a device that converts data from digital computer signals to analog signals that can be sent over a phone line. This is called modulation. The analog signals are then converted back into digital data by the receiving modem. This is called demodulation. A modem is fed digital information, in the form of ones and zeros, from the CPU. The modem then analyzes this information and...
  • C: Asynchronous Transfer Mode Networking (atm) C: Asynchronous Transfer Mode Networking (atm) Asynchronous Transfer Mode Networking (atm) Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Networking Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is, and will be for many years to come, the top of the line in networking technology. Since the creation of the Network (the ARPAnet (Advanced Research Project Agency Network)) scientists and engineers have strived to achieve the fastest information exchange speeds combined with the most cost-efficient hardware and software. Their products and ideas have always been based on p...
  • H: Wireless Technology H: Wireless Technology Wireless Technology Wireless Technology and Computers Wireless Technology can provide many benefits to computing including faster response to queries, reduced time spent on paperwork, increased online time for users, just-in-time and real time control, tighter communications between clients and hosts. Wireless Computing is governed by two general forces: Technology, which provides a set of basic building blocks and User Applications, which determine a set of operations that must be carried out e...
  • R: Designing a Video on Demand Server R: Designing a Video on Demand Server Designing a Video on Demand Server Designing a Video on Demand Server INTRODUCTION Video-on-demand (VoD) service will allow customers to request that certain movies or television shows be played on their television sets or computers immediately, giving individuals direct access to the materials stored in a video server. The goal of this project is to design a Video-on-Demand Server capable of performing to the following specifications: Capacity - 25 feature-length movies Serve 4 different mo...
  • O: Floating Point Coprocessors O: Floating Point Coprocessors Floating Point Coprocessors Floating Point Coprocessors The designer of any microprocessor would like to extend its instruction set almost infinitely but is limited by the quantity of silicon available (not to mention the problems of testability and complexity). Consequently, a real microprocessor represents a compromise between what is desirable and what is acceptable to the majority of the chip\'s users. For example, the 68020 microprocessor is not optimized for calculations that require a lar...
  • N: How A Modem Works N: How A Modem Works How A Modem Works Abstract This paper has explained in some detail what a modem is and how a modem works. The evolution of a modem, transfer of speeds through various sized modems, and how data transferred has also been discussed. The word modem is an acronym for Modulator Demodulator. Modems accept digital data supplied by the personal computer, and convert it to a modulated analog waveform that can be transmitted over an analog telephone line. Modems also work in reverse. They take a modulated...
  • O: Adc Telecommunications Financial Ratio Analasis O: Adc Telecommunications Financial Ratio Analasis Adc Telecommunications Financial Ratio Analasis Accounting 6000 Financial Statement Analysis ADC Telecommunications October 29, 2000 Corporate Background ADC Telecommunications (ADCT) is a communication equipment manufacturer located in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Since 1952, the company has successfully weathered the tumultuous transformation process of technology. Today, ADC Telecommunications exclusively focuses on manufacturing computer-networking equipment. Increasing demand for fiber opti...
  • U: Asynchronous Transfer Mode U: Asynchronous Transfer Mode Asynchronous Transfer Mode Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is a high-speed transmission protocol in which data blocks are broken into small cells that are transmitted individually and possibly via different routes in a manner similar to packet-switching technology. In other words, it is a form of data transmission that allows voice, video and data to be sent along the same network. In the past, voice, video and data were transferred using separate networks: voice traffic over the phone, video...
  • S: Asynchronous Transfer Mode S: Asynchronous Transfer Mode Asynchronous Transfer Mode Asynchronous Transfer Mode: Asynchronous Transfer Mode By Gene Bandy State Technical Institute Asynchronous Transfer Mode: Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM) is a high-speed transmission protocol in which data blocks are broken into small cells that are transmitted individually and possibly via different routes in a manner similar to packet-switching technology. In other words, it is a form of data transmission that allows voice, video and data to be sent along the same n...
  •  : Survey of Wireless Computing : Survey of Wireless Computing Survey of Wireless Computing Survey of Wireless Computing School Of Computer Science Florida International University Abstract Wireless technology can provide many benefits to computing including faster response to queries, reduced time spent on paperwork, increased online time for users, just-in-time and real time control, tighter communications between clients and hosts. Wireless Computing is governed by two general forces: Technology, which provides a set of basic building blocks and User App...
  • T: Switched Networks T: Switched Networks Switched Networks Switched Networks Networks are getting more and more popular, and because of this more people use them, which slows them down. Networks in the future will need to have enough bandwidth to support applications, like multimedia, witch require larger bandwidth. Switching will change the way networks are designed. These changes will maximize productivity. Switching technology is increasing the efficiency and speed of networks. This technology is making current systems more powerful...
  • R: DSL By: snaggletooth . Digital Subscriber Line Dig R: DSL By: snaggletooth . Digital Subscriber Line Dig dsl DSL By: snaggletooth . Digital Subscriber Line Digital Subscriber Line new technology that takes advantage of standard copper telephone line to provide secure, reliable, high-speed Internet access. DSL refers to the family of digital subscriber line technologies, such as ADSL, HDSL, and RADSL. Connection speed for DSL ranges from 1.44 Mbps to 512 Kbps downstream and around 128 Kbps upstream. Unlike traditional connections DSL such as analog modems and IDSN, DSL deliver continuous always on...
  • A: Cisco Systems A: Cisco Systems Cisco Systems Cisco Systems - World's Leading Network Hardware Products Cisco Systems, Inc. is the worldwide leader in networking for the Internet. Cisco operates in one industry segment and creates hardware and software solutions that link computer networks so that people have easy access to information without regard to differences in time, place or type of computer system. Networking is a multi-billion dollar global market whose growth is spurred by the belief that the Internet is changing th...
  • N: ISDN vs. Cable Modems N: ISDN vs. Cable Modems ISDN vs. Cable Modems ISDN vs. Cable Modems 1.0 Introduction The Internet is a network of networks that interconnects computers around the world, supporting both business and residential users. In 1994, a multimedia Internet application known as the World Wide Web became popular. The higher bandwidth needs of this application have highlighted the limited Internet access speeds available to residential users. Even at 28.8 Kilobits per second (Kbps) the fastest residential access commonly availa...
  • S: Cable Connection: The Way to Surf S: Cable Connection: The Way to Surf Cable Connection: The Way to Surf By Brad v.O. Date: March 10, 1998 The Telecommunications Act of 1996 opened the way for cable TV (CATV) companies to become full-fledged telecommunications companies, offering two- way voice and data communications services, in addition to television programming. After passage of the Act, the cable companies were eager to expand into the new fields of business that had been opened to them, especially the rapidly growing Internet Service Provider (ISP) business. ...
  • F: Scaffolding in Education F: Scaffolding in Education Scaffolding in Education Abstract The World Wide Web is being seen more and more as an effective and above all inexpensive means of delivering courses in the tertiary education sector. It is important however that financial imperatives to not take precedence over educational goals. In the search for an effective approach to Web learning, an re-examination of learning theory is required. This paper examines the three broad philosophies of Behaviourism, Cognitive Theory, and Constructivism and rev...
  • E: Tele Education E: Tele Education Tele Education 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Tele-education Tele-education has a long history beginning with systems like that for teaching children in Australian Outback, the British Open University and other such organizations. These built on the idea of correspondence courses where course materials are sent periodically by post and augmented the experience with broadcasts either on radio or on TV. The problem of student isolation was addressed partially through techniques such as telepho...
  • R: ISDN vs. Cable Modems R: ISDN vs. Cable Modems ISDN vs. Cable Modems ISDN vs. Cable Modems 1.0 Introduction The Internet is a network of networks that interconnects computers around the world, supporting both business and residential users. In 1994, a multimedia Internet application known as the World Wide Web became popular. The higher bandwidth needs of this application have highlighted the limited Internet access speeds available to residential users. Even at 28.8 Kilobits per second (Kbps) the fastest residential access commonly availab...
  •  : Digital Subscriber Line : Digital Subscriber Line Digital Subscriber Line Digital Subscriber Line new technology that takes advantage of standard copper telephone line to provide secure, reliable, high-speed Internet access. DSL refers to the family of digital subscriber line technologies, such as ADSL, HDSL, and RADSL. Connection speed for DSL ranges from 1.44 Mbps to 512 Kbps downstream and around 128 Kbps upstream. Unlike traditional connections DSL such as analog modems and IDSN, DSL deliver continuous always on access. That means multime...
  • M: Asynchronous Transfer Mode Net M: Asynchronous Transfer Mode Net Asynchronous Transfer Mode Net Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) Networking Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is, and will be for many years to come, the top of the line in networking technology. Since the creation of the Network (the ARPAnet (Advanced Research Project Agency Network)) scientists and engineers have strived to achieve the fastest information exchange speeds combined with the most cost-efficient hardware and software. Their products and ideas have always been based on packet technol...
  • O: Atm network O: Atm network Atm network The Asynchronous Transfer Mode has been chosen as the standard system concept for integrated broadband communication networks by the ITUT. The system is predicted to grow rapidly as soon as it becomes widely accepted by network operators and users. Why has communications evolved in history towards the ATM concept and why has it been chosen as the broadband solution? In the late 1800's public telephone networks capable of transmitting analogue voice signals were established. The user...
  • D: LAN Topologies D: LAN Topologies LAN Topologies When designing the layout of a local area network, an organization can choose from a variety of different technologies on which to base the backbone of their LAN. The technology choices that the organization adopts will play a critical role in the performance of its LAN. Two important LAN backbone issues, which I will introduce, include: A network based on Ethernet or Token Ring technology Factors to consider when choosing a Network Operating System LANs are also known as subn...