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andrea yates Postpartum Depression

Introduction
What is Postpartum Depression
Having a baby should be one of the happiest and most important events in a woman's life. However, although life with a new baby can be both thrilling and rewarding, it can also be a difficult and quite stressful task. Most women make the transition without great difficulty, yet some women experience considerable complexity that may manifest itself as a postpartum psychiatric disorder (O'hara, Hoffman, Philips, & Wright, 1992). Many physical and emotional changes can occur to a woman during the time of her pregnancy as well as following the birth of her child. These particular changes can leave a new mother feeling sad, anxious, afraid and confused. For many women, these feelings; which are known as baby blues, go away fairly quickly. But when they do not go away or rather they get worse, a woman may be experiencing the effects of postpartum depression (PPD). This is a serious condition that describes a range of physical and emotional changes and that requires prompt treatment from a health care provider. According to Mauthner, (1999) postpartum depression occurs when women are unable to experience, express and validate their feelings and needs within supportive, accepting and non-judgmental interpersonal relationships and cultural contexts.
Postpartum psychiatric illness was initially characterized as a group of disorders specifically linked to pregnancy and childbirth and thus was considered diagnostically distinct from other types of psychiatric illness. It has long been thought that the postpartum period is a time of increased risk for the onset of psychiatric disorders and adjustment difficulties in women (Campbell & Cohn, 1991). The link between reproductive status and depressive illness is further evidenced by the high frequency of depression during the premenstrual phase, and the immediate postpartum period (Yonkers, 1995). As one of the major physical, psychological, and social stresses of a woman's life, childbirth is gaining an increasing amount of recognition as a major risk factor in the growth of mental sickness. Postpartum depression is defined as a mild to moderate mood disturbance occurring between birth and six months post birth, rather than the less frequent, more severe postpartum psychosis, or the more prevalent but transient blues (Crokenberg & Leerkes, 2003). It is clear that the postpartum period is unique in the development of mental illness. As stated by O'hara & Zekoski (1988), approximately 10% to 30% of mothers report clinical levels of depression during the postpartum period.
The "Baby Blues"
Although the current literature divides the spectrum of postpartum mood disorders into three distinct categories, these classifications frequently blend at the margins. At the mildest end of the spectrum is the "maternity blues" or "baby blues." Because this condition arises after 40% to 85% of deliveries, practitioners and patients often view it as a "normal" phenomenon. Nonetheless, patients and their families are distressed by the patients' depressed mood, irritability, anxiety, confusion, crying spells, and disturbances in sleep and appetite. These symptoms peak between postpartum days 3 and 5, and typically resolve spontaneously within 24 to 72 hours. According to Marcotty (2003), The baby blues is common and is considered a normal part of childbirth. However its duration is short, typically starting within the first five days of childbirth, and disappearing within a few weeks, mothers with the blues become emotionally sensitive, weepy and irritable. This stage in postpartum is particularly common among many woman and typically is nothing to be concerned a great deal about
PPD: The Ultimate Paradox
At the core of the spectrum lies postpartum depression, which is increasingly recognized as a unique and serious complication of childbirth. The majority of patients suffer from this illness for more than 6 months and, if untreated, 25% of patients are still depressed a year later (Lee, 1997). Although effective medical treatments are available, both patients and their caregivers frequently overlook postpartum depression. Untreated postpartum affective illness places both the mother and infant at risk and is associated with significant long-term effects on child development and behavior; therefore, prompt recognition and treatment of postpartum depression are essential for both the maternal and infant's well being.
Postpartum Psychosis
Conclusively, at the other end of the spectrum is the truly devastating postpartum psychosis. This is known as a relatively rare disease that occurs in approximately 1-2 per ... more

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Andrea Yates
Andrea Yates

Yates does not fit the profile of a mother who kills her children said Hay of

Child Protective Services. (Glenn par. 14)  Most mothers who kill their children are

younger and generally start out as teen-age moms.  However, thirty-seven year old

Andrea Pia Yates killed her five children and is now on trial to receive a punishment for

her actions.  She claims the reason she committed the crime is because she suffers from a

severe case of postpartum depression.  Andrea Yates possesses many problems and no

matter her state of mental health, she will be punished for the crime she committed.  

On June 20, 2001, Andrea Pia Yates drowned her four sons and one daughter

ranging from ages six months to seven years.  She drowned Noah, 7, John, 5, Paul, 3,

Luke, 2, and Mary, six months, in the bathtub in their home.  The children were

apparently killed approximately one hour after their father, longtime NASA Johnson

Space Center computer engineer, left for work.  The bodies of three of her sons and her

infant daughter were found on a bed, covered by a sheet.  The oldest boy was found in the

bathtub, Houston Police said.  (Glenn par. 2)  She was arrested without bond on June 22

for the charge of murdering her five children.  Andrea was arrested after summoning the

police to her home located in Clear Lake.  Andrea called her husband Russell after

phoning police and said he had better come home (qtd. in Glenn par. 15).  When he

arrived, police were already at the scene and would not allow him to enter his home.  
Taylor 2

Looking dazed, the skinny long-haired woman said:  I killed my kids. (qtd. in Glenn

par. 3).  

Andrea Yates claimed that the reason she killed her children was because she

suffered from postpartum depression.  Postpartum depression, which affects

approximately eight to fifteen percent of mothers in America, usually starts four weeks

after the birth of a child and can last for months (Post Partum Depression screen 1).  It

causes feelings of panic, confusion, and hopelessness, and can change the sleeping and

eating patterns of the one suffering.  Postpartum depression is usually mild and is easily

treated with medication.  Yet, in come rare cases, it can lead to violence.  Postpartum

depression is classified in three different categories.  The mildest is maternity blues or

baby blues (Postpartum Depression screen 1).  This occurs in forty to eighty five

percent of women, therefore is not considered serious and does not need medication.  The

next degree of postpartum depression is recognized as an actual complication of

childbirth.  Symptoms include loss of interest in usually pleasurable activities, difficulty

in making decisions, feelings of guilt, and excessive anxiety of childs health (Postpartum

Depression screen 1).  The most severe degree of postpartum depression is puerperal

psychosis which is very rare and only affects 0.1% to 0.2% of deliveries (Postpartum

Depression screen 1).  Contemplations of suicide and severe withdrawal from her

newborn child and other family members and friends are two major symptoms.  The

children of these women are also affected.  Hospitalization of a postpartum depression

mother increases the incidence of emotional disturbance in children (Postpartum

Depression screen 1).  Andrea Yates was treated at a psychiatric hospital in June of 1999

Taylor 3

after trying to kill herself, according to Childrens Protective Services records (Glenn par.

9).  

On January 31, after three and a half weeks of interviews and careful selections,

the jury for the trial was finally picked.  Although their names were disclosed, a

description of those chosen was released.  The jury was composed of eight women and

four men.  Eight of the jurors have children and nine of them are married. (The Yates

Trial Jury par. 2)  Robert Hirschorn, a Dallas area lawyer who has been a jury consultant

on many high profile cases said: Only four men (on the jury) says theyre going to be

spending a bunch of time bashing the husband.  Men do not like to hear about another

man being bashed.  Its not a subject many men open up to. (Makeup of Yates Jury may

Hint at a Defense Strategy par. 3)

The trial began on February 18 at ten thirty in the morning.  She was already

convicted ... more

andrea yates

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  • A: Andrea Yates A: Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Yates does not fit the profile of a mother who kills her children said Hay of Child Protective Services. (Glenn par. 14) Most mothers who kill their children are younger and generally start out as teen-age moms. However, thirty-seven year old Andrea Pia Yates killed her five children and is now on trial to receive a punishment for her actions. She claims the reason she committed the crime is because she suffers from a severe case of postpartum depression. Andrea Y...
  • N: Postpartum Depression N: Postpartum Depression Postpartum Depression Introduction What is Postpartum Depression Having a baby should be one of the happiest and most important events in a woman\'s life. However, although life with a new baby can be both thrilling and rewarding, it can also be a difficult and quite stressful task. Most women make the transition without great difficulty, yet some women experience considerable complexity that may manifest itself as a postpartum psychiatric disorder (O\'hara, Hoffman, Philips, Wright, 1992). Many...
  • D: Andrea Yates D: Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Yates does not fit the profile of a mother who kills her children said Hay of Child Protective Services. (Glenn par. 14) Most mothers who kill their children are younger and generally start out as teen-age moms. However, thirty-seven year old Andrea Pia Yates killed her five children and is now on trial to receive a punishment for her actions. She claims the reason she committed the crime is because she suffers from a severe case of postpartum depression. Andrea Yates...
  • R: 8th Amendment R: 8th Amendment 8th Amendment The 8th Amendment, cruel and unusual clause. The cruel and unusual clause in the eighth amendment states that cruel and unusual punishment such as torture or lingering death can not be inflicted on anyone as a form of execution. It is however permissible under the 8th Amendment to execute a convict by means of hanging, shooting, electrocution, and lethal gas. There is still confusion about what is actually constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. There have been several co...
  • E: andrea yates E: andrea yates andrea yates St.Claire Patterson Professor Murphy English 101 How does a perfectly normal woman, living in a typical suburban neighborhood wind up in jail on charges of murdering her five children? On June20, 2001, Rusty Yates receives a call from his wife Andrea to return home from work. He learns that his wife of eight years has systematically drowned each of his five children in the family bath tub. She is arrested in Texas on charges of capitol murder and is convicted and sentenced to life i...
  • A: Yates A: Yates Yates The article that I chose is one from TIME magazine entitled The Yates Odyssey. It tells the story of the tragic murder of five children by their 37 year old mother, Andrea Yates. The article traces her mental history throughout the years of the marriage and even before the marriage. The article notes that one of the reasons that she even initiated a relationship with her husband Rusty is because she was feeling down about a recent break up and she got to a point where she needed c...
  •  : Yates : Yates Yates The article that I chose is one from TIME magazine entitled The Yates Odyssey. It tells the story of the tragic murder of five children by their 37 year old mother, Andrea Yates. The article traces her mental history throughout the years of the marriage and even before the marriage. The article notes that one of the reasons that she even initiated a relationship with her husband Rusty is because she was feeling down about a recent break up and she got to a point where she needed compani...
  • Y: Troublemakers Y: Troublemakers Troublemakers The Saints and the Ruffians were two groups of high school boys that lived in the suburbs, both were persistently involved in underage drinking, daredevil driving, skipping school, petty theft, and vandalism. There their similarities ended. None of the Saints were ever arrested, but every Ruffian was habitually in trouble with the police and townspeople. Why the inequality in their treatment? The difference was the social class of the two groups. The Saints were able to hide behind...
  • A: Yates A: Yates Yates The article that I chose is one from TIME magazine entitled The Yates Odyssey. It tells the story of the tragic murder of five children by their 37 year old mother, Andrea Yates. The article traces her mental history throughout the years of the marriage and even before the marriage. The article notes that one of the reasons that she even initiated a relationship with her husband Rusty is because she was feeling down about a recent break up and she got to a point where she needed compani...
  • T: Andrea Yates T: Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Charged with five horrific murders, Andrea Yates faced the death penalty. Believed Satan controlled her, Mrs. Yates was convinced her children were not developing correctly and they needed to die to be saved. Andrea Yates admitted to drowning her children one by one after two years of contemplating this psychotic act. People cannot imagine the horror of what Yates did to her children, drowning them in the bathtub, one by one. Even chasing down the oldest one in order to do it. I bel...
  • E: Post Partum Depression E: Post Partum Depression Post Partum Depression Unlike the baby blues which affects 70% to 80% of new mothers and does not require prompt medical attention due to its mild nature. Major Post Partum Depression attacks 10% of new mothers and is entirely a beast of a different nature, one that must be reckoned with. The most recent Post Partum case that has rightfully caused a media frenzy is the Andrea Yates case. Yates was the mother of five young children. This past summer Yates held each of her children in a bath tub...
  • S: Senate votes again on mentally insane but guilty S: Senate votes again on mentally insane but guilty senate votes again on mentally insane but guilty SENATE AGAIN PASSES GUILTY BUT MENTALLY ILL BILL Andrea Yates, Albert Fentress Cases Cited The New York State Senate today passed legislation (S.1822), sponsored by Senator Frank Padavan (R-C, Bellerose), that would allow juries to find defendants guilty but mentally ill in cases where they believe the defendant may have been mentally ill at the time of the crime, but should still be held responsible for his or her actions. The Andrea Yates c...
  • Andrea Yates Arguement Andrea Yates Arguement Andrea Yates Arguement Last June in 2001, a 37-year-old lady by the name of Andrea Yates, was arrested for killing her five children. Most people like me would agree that she was sane, and the death penalty would have been the right punishment for Mrs. Andrea Yates. The punishment in the State of Texas for committing two capital crimes is life in jail or the death penalty. Andreas lawyer tried to show her innocence by protesting that she was insane at the time of the killings. This plea of insa...
  • Andrea yates Andrea yates andrea yates St.Claire Patterson Professor Murphy English 101 How does a perfectly normal woman, living in a typical suburban neighborhood wind up in jail on charges of murdering her five children? On June20, 2001, Rusty Yates receives a call from his wife Andrea to return home from work. He learns that his wife of eight years has systematically drowned each of his five children in the family bath tub. She is arrested in Texas on charges of capitol murder and is convicted and sentenced to life i...
  • 8th Amendment 8th Amendment 8th Amendment The 8th Amendment, cruel and unusual clause. The cruel and unusual clause in the eighth amendment states that cruel and unusual punishment such as torture or lingering death can not be inflicted on anyone as a form of execution. It is however permissible under the 8th Amendment to execute a convict by means of hanging, shooting, electrocution, and lethal gas. There is still confusion about what is actually constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. There have been several co...
  • Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Yates does not fit the profile of a mother who kills her children said Hay of Child Protective Services. (Glenn par. 14) Most mothers who kill their children are younger and generally start out as teen-age moms. However, thirty-seven year old Andrea Pia Yates killed her five children and is now on trial to receive a punishment for her actions. She claims the reason she committed the crime is because she suffers from a severe case of postpartum depression. Andrea Yates...
  • 8th Amendment 8th Amendment 8th Amendment The 8th Amendment, cruel and unusual clause. The cruel and unusual clause in the eighth amendment states that cruel and unusual punishment such as torture or lingering death can not be inflicted on anyone as a form of execution. It is however permissible under the 8th Amendment to execute a convict by means of hanging, shooting, electrocution, and lethal gas. There is still confusion about what is actually constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. There have...
  • Photography in Advertising and its Effects on Soci Photography in Advertising and its Effects on Soci Photography in Advertising and its Effects on Society Memory has been and always will be associated with images. As early as 1896, leading psychologists were arguing that memory was nothing more than a continuous exchange of images. (Bergson) Later models of memory describe it as more of an image text; a combination of space and time, and image and word. (Yates) Although image certainly is not the only component of memory, it is undoubtedly an integral and essential part of memory\'s composition...
  • Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Yates does not fit the profile of a mother who kills her children said Hay of Child Protective Services. (Glenn par. 14) Most mothers who kill their children are younger and generally start out as teen-age moms. However, thirty-seven year old Andrea Pia Yates killed her five children and is now on trial to receive a punishment for her actions. She claims the reason she committed the crime is because she suffers from a severe case of postpartum depression. Andrea Y...
  • Postpartum Depression Postpartum Depression Postpartum Depression Introduction What is Postpartum Depression Having a baby should be one of the happiest and most important events in a woman\'s life. However, although life with a new baby can be both thrilling and rewarding, it can also be a difficult and quite stressful task. Most women make the transition without great difficulty, yet some women experience considerable complexity that may manifest itself as a postpartum psychiatric disorder (O\'hara, Hoffman, Philips, Wright, 1992). Many...
  • Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Andrea Yates Yates does not fit the profile of a mother who kills her children said Hay of Child Protective Services. (Glenn par. 14) Most mothers who kill their children are younger and generally start out as teen-age moms. However, thirty-seven year old Andrea Pia Yates killed her five children and is now on trial to receive a punishment for her actions. She claims the reason she committed the crime is because she suffers from a severe case of postpartum depression. Andrea Yates...
  • 8th Amendment 8th Amendment 8th Amendment The 8th Amendment, cruel and unusual clause. The cruel and unusual clause in the eighth amendment states that cruel and unusual punishment such as torture or lingering death can not be inflicted on anyone as a form of execution. It is however permissible under the 8th Amendment to execute a convict by means of hanging, shooting, electrocution, and lethal gas. There is still confusion about what is actually constitutes cruel and unusual punishment. There have been several co...
  • andrea yates andrea yates andrea yates St.Claire Patterson Professor Murphy English 101 How does a perfectly normal woman, living in a typical suburban neighborhood wind up in jail on charges of murdering her five children? On June20, 2001, Rusty Yates receives a call from his wife Andrea to return home from work. He learns that his wife of eight years has systematically drowned each of his five children in the family bath tub. She is arrested in Texas on charges of capitol murder and is convicted and sentenced to life i...
  • Yates Yates Yates The article that I chose is one from TIME magazine entitled The Yates Odyssey. It tells the story of the tragic murder of five children by their 37 year old mother, Andrea Yates. The article traces her mental history throughout the years of the marriage and even before the marriage. The article notes that one of the reasons that she even initiated a relationship with her husband Rusty is because she was feeling down about a recent break up and she got to a point where she needed c...
  • Yates Yates Yates The article that I chose is one from TIME magazine entitled The Yates Odyssey. It tells the story of the tragic murder of five children by their 37 year old mother, Andrea Yates. The article traces her mental history throughout the years of the marriage and even before the marriage. The article notes that one of the reasons that she even initiated a relationship with her husband Rusty is because she was feeling down about a recent break up and she got to a point where she needed compani...